100 Notable alumni of
Academy of Fine Arts, Munich

The Academy of Fine Arts, Munich is 266th in the world, 90th in Europe, and 16th in Germany by aggregated alumni prominence. Below is the list of 100 notable alumni from the Academy of Fine Arts, Munich sorted by their wiki pages popularity. The directory includes famous graduates and former students along with research and academic staff.

  1. Wassily Kandinsky

    Wassily Kandinsky
    Born in
    Russia Flag Russia
    Years
    1866-1944 (aged 78)
    Occupations
    drawerdesignerdraftspersonillustratoruniversity teacher
    Biography

    Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky was a Russian painter and art theorist. Kandinsky is generally credited as one of the pioneers of abstraction in western art, possibly after Hilma af Klint. Born in Moscow, he spent his childhood in Odessa, where he graduated at Grekov Odessa Art school. He enrolled at the University of Moscow, studying law and economics. Successful in his profession—he was offered a professorship (chair of Roman Law) at the University of Dorpat (today Tartu, Estonia)—Kandinsky began painting studies (life-drawing, sketching and anatomy) at the age of 30.

  2. Paul Klee

    Paul Klee
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1879-1940 (aged 61)
    Occupations
    paintergraphic artistvisual artistdraftspersonlithographer
    Biography

    Paul Klee was a Swiss-born German artist. His highly individual style was influenced by movements in art that included expressionism, cubism, and surrealism. Klee was a natural draftsman who experimented with and eventually deeply explored color theory, writing about it extensively; his lectures Writings on Form and Design Theory (Schriften zur Form und Gestaltungslehre), published in English as the Paul Klee Notebooks, are held to be as important for modern art as Leonardo da Vinci's A Treatise on Painting for the Renaissance. He and his colleague, Russian painter Wassily Kandinsky, both taught at the Bauhaus school of art, design and architecture in Germany. His works reflect his dry humor and his sometimes childlike perspective, his personal moods and beliefs, and his musicality.

  3. Alphonse Mucha

    Alphonse Mucha
    Born in
    Czech Republic Flag Czech Republic
    Years
    1860-1939 (aged 79)
    Occupations
    painterlithographergraphic designerdesignerpostage stamp designer
    Biography

    Alfons Maria Mucha, known internationally as Alphonse Mucha, was a Bohemian and Czech painter, illustrator, and graphic artist, living in Paris during the Art Nouveau period, best known for his distinctly stylized and decorative theatrical posters, particularly those of Sarah Bernhardt. He produced illustrations, advertisements, decorative panels, and designs, which became among the best-known images of the period.

  4. Giorgio de Chirico

    Giorgio de Chirico
    Born in
    Greece Flag Greece
    Years
    1888-1978 (aged 90)
    Occupations
    paintersculptorjewelry designerwriterartist
    Biography

    Giorgio de Chirico was an Italian artist and writer born in Greece. In the years before World War I, he founded the scuola metafisica art movement, which profoundly influenced the surrealists. His most well-known works often feature Roman arcades, long shadows, mannequins, trains, and illogical perspective. His imagery reflects his affinity for the philosophy of Arthur Schopenhauer and of Friedrich Nietzsche, and for the mythology of his birthplace.

  5. Franz Marc

    Franz Marc
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1880-1916 (aged 36)
    Occupations
    illustratorprintmakergraphic artistpainter
    Biography

    Franz Moritz Wilhelm Marc was a German painter and printmaker, one of the key figures of German Expressionism. He was a founding member of Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider), a journal whose name later became synonymous with the circle of artists collaborating in it.

  6. Jan Matejko

    Jan Matejko
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1838-1893 (aged 55)
    Occupations
    university teacherpainter
    Biography

    Jan Alojzy Matejko was a Polish painter, a leading 19th-century exponent of history painting, known for depicting nodal events from Polish history. His works include large scale oil paintings such as Rejtan (1866), the Union of Lublin (1869), the Astronomer Copernicus, or Conversations with God (1873), or the Battle of Grunwald (1878). He was the author of numerous portraits, a gallery of Polish monarchs in book form, and murals in St. Mary's Basilica, Kraków. He is considered by many as the most celebrated Polish painter, and sometimes as the "national painter" of Poland. Matejko was among the notable people to receive an unsolicited letter from the German philosopher, Friedrich Nietzsche, as the latter tipped, in January 1889, into his psychotic breakdown while in Turin.

  7. Josef Albers

    Josef Albers
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1888-1976 (aged 88)
    Occupations
    designerpainteruniversity teachersculptorprintmaker
    Biography

    Josef Albers was a German-born artist and educator. The first living artist to be given a solo shows at MoMa and at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, he taught at the Bauhaus and Black Mountain College, headed Yale University's department of design, and is considered one of the most influential teachers of the visual arts in the twentieth century.

  8. Gottfried Keller

    Gottfried Keller
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1819-1890 (aged 71)
    Occupations
    chancery managerwriterpainternovelistpoet
    Biography

    Gottfried Keller was a Swiss poet and writer of German literature. Best known for his novel Green Henry (German: Der grüne Heinrich) and his cycle of novellas called The People from Seldwyla (Die Leute von Seldwyla), he became one of the most popular narrators of literary realism in the late 19th century.

  9. Theodor Kittelsen

    Theodor Kittelsen
    Born in
    Norway Flag Norway
    Years
    1857-1914 (aged 57)
    Occupations
    illustratorpaintercartoonist
    Biography

    Theodor Severin Kittelsen was a Norwegian artist. He is one of the most popular artists in Norway. Kittelsen became famous for his nature paintings, as well as for his illustrations of fairy tales and legends, especially of trolls.

  10. Franz Stuck

    Franz Stuck
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1863-1928 (aged 65)
    Occupations
    graphic artistteachersculptoruniversity teacherarchitect
    Biography

    Franz von Stuck was a German painter, sculptor, printmaker, and architect. Stuck was best known for his paintings of ancient mythology, receiving substantial critical acclaim with The Sin in 1892. In 1906, Stuck was awarded the Order of Merit of the Bavarian Crown and was henceforth known as Franz Ritter von Stuck.

  11. Mihály Munkácsy

    Mihály Munkácsy
    Born in
    Ukraine Flag Ukraine
    Years
    1844-1900 (aged 56)
    Occupations
    painter
    Biography

    Mihály Munkácsy was a Hungarian painter. He earned international reputation with his genre pictures and large-scale biblical paintings.

  12. Alfred Kubin

    Alfred Kubin
    Born in
    Czech Republic Flag Czech Republic
    Years
    1877-1959 (aged 82)
    Occupations
    writeretcherillustratorpaintergraphic artist
    Biography

    Alfred Leopold Isidor Kubin was an Austrian printmaker, illustrator, and occasional writer. Kubin is considered an important representative of Symbolism and Expressionism.

  13. Lovis Corinth

    Lovis Corinth
    Born in
    Russia Flag Russia
    Years
    1858-1925 (aged 67)
    Occupations
    drawerillustratorprintmakersculptorlithographer
    Biography

    Lovis Corinth was a German artist and writer whose mature work as a painter and printmaker realized a synthesis of impressionism and expressionism.

  14. Albert Chmielowski

    Albert Chmielowski
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1846-1916 (aged 70)
    Occupations
    paintermonk
    Biography

    Albert Chmielowski - born Adam Hilary Bernard Chmielowski - was a Polish nobleman, painter, disabled veteran of the Uprising of 1863, a professed religious and founder of both the Albertine Brothers and Albertine Sisters servants of the homeless and destitute.

  15. Otl Aicher

    Otl Aicher
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1922-1991 (aged 69)
    Occupations
    university teachertypographerdesignergraphic designer
    Biography

    Otto "Otl" Aicher was a German graphic designer and typographer. Aicher co-founded and taught at the influential Ulm School of Design. He is known for having led the design team of the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, and for overseeing the creation of its prominently used system of pictograms. Aicher also developed the Rotis typeface.

  16. John Collier

    John Collier
    Born in
    United Kingdom Flag United Kingdom
    Years
    1850-1934 (aged 84)
    Occupations
    writerscreenwriterpainter
    Biography

    John Maler Collier RP was a British painter and writer. He painted in the Pre-Raphaelite style, and was one of the most prominent portrait painters of his generation. Both of his marriages were to daughters of Thomas Henry Huxley. He studied painting in Paris with Jean-Paul Laurens and at the Munich Academy starting in 1875.

  17. Wojciech Kossak

    Wojciech Kossak
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1856-1942 (aged 86)
    Occupations
    typographerpaintergraphic artist
    Biography

    Wojciech Horacy Kossak was a noted Polish painter and member of the celebrated Kossak family of artists and writers. He was the son of painter Juliusz Kossak, and twin brother of freedom fighter Tadeusz Kossak, and the father of two highly talented literary daughters, Maria Pawlikowska-Jasnorzewska and Magdalena Samozwaniec and of a painter son, Jerzy Kossak.

  18. Zofia Stryjeńska

    Zofia Stryjeńska
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1891-1976 (aged 85)
    Occupations
    graphic artistscenographerillustratorgraphic designerpainter
    Biography

    Zofia Stryjeńska was a Polish painter, graphic designer, illustrator, stage designer, a representative of art deco. Along with Olga Boznańska and Tamara de Lempicka, she was one of the best-known Polish women artists of the interwar period. In the 1930s she was nominated for the prestigious Golden Laurel of the Polish Academy of Literature, but declined the offer.

  19. Otto Mueller

    Otto Mueller
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1874-1930 (aged 56)
    Occupations
    graphic artistillustratorteacheruniversity teacherlithographer
    Biography

    Otto Müller was a German painter and printmaker of the Die Brücke expressionist movement.

  20. Józef Chełmoński

    Józef Chełmoński
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1847-1914 (aged 67)
    Occupations
    painter
    Biography

    Józef Marian Chełmoński was a Polish painter of the realist school with roots in the historical and social context of the late Romantic period in partitioned Poland. He is famous for monumental paintings now at the Sukiennice National Art Gallery in Kraków and at the MNW in Warsaw.

  21. Ștefan Luchian

    Ștefan Luchian
    Born in
    Romania Flag Romania
    Years
    1868-1916 (aged 48)
    Occupations
    pastellistpainterwatercolorist
    Biography

    Ștefan Luchian was a Romanian painter, famous for his landscapes and still life works.

  22. Leonid Pasternak

    Leonid Pasternak
    Born in
    Ukraine Flag Ukraine
    Years
    1862-1945 (aged 83)
    Occupations
    painterprintmaker
    Biography

    Leonid Osipovich Pasternak was a Russian post-impressionist painter. He was the father of the poet and novelist Boris Pasternak.

  23. William Merritt Chase

    William Merritt Chase
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1849-1916 (aged 67)
    Occupations
    painterphotographer
    Biography

    William Merritt Chase was an American painter, known as an exponent of Impressionism and as a teacher. He is also responsible for establishing the Chase School, which later would become Parsons School of Design.

  24. Aleksander Gierymski

    Aleksander Gierymski
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1850-1901 (aged 51)
    Occupations
    painter
    Biography

    Ignacy Aleksander Gierymski was a Polish painter of the late 19th century, the younger brother of Maksymilian Gierymski. He was a representative of Realism as well as an important precursor of Impressionism in Poland.

  25. Max Slevogt

    Max Slevogt
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1868-1932 (aged 64)
    Occupations
    graphic artistdrawerillustratorpainterteacher
    Biography

    Max Slevogt was a German Impressionist painter and illustrator, best known for his landscapes. He was, together with Lovis Corinth and Max Liebermann, one of the foremost representatives in Germany of the plein air style.

  26. Nikolaos Gyzis

    Nikolaos Gyzis
    Born in
    Greece Flag Greece
    Years
    1842-1901 (aged 59)
    Occupations
    university teacherartistteacherpainter
    Biography

    Nikolaos Gyzis was considered one of Greece's most important 19th century painters. He was most famous for his work Eros and the Painter, his first genre painting. It was auctioned in May 2006 at Bonhams in London, being last exhibited in Greece in 1928. He was the major representative of the Munich School, the major 19th-century Greek art movement.

  27. Franz von Lenbach

    Franz von Lenbach
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1836-1904 (aged 68)
    Occupations
    photographerpainteruniversity teacher
    Biography

    Franz Seraph Lenbach, after 1882, Ritter von Lenbach was a German painter known primarily for his portraits of prominent personalities from the nobility, the arts, and industry. Because of his standing in society, he was often referred to as the "Malerfürst" (Painter Prince).

  28. Stanisław Witkiewicz

    Stanisław Witkiewicz
    Born in
    Lithuania Flag Lithuania
    Years
    1851-1915 (aged 64)
    Occupations
    art criticpainterwriterarchitect
    Biography

    Stanisław Witkiewicz was a Polish painter, art theoretician, and amateur architect, known for his creation of "Zakopane Style".

  29. Pál Szinyei Merse

    Pál Szinyei Merse
    Born in
    Slovakia Flag Slovakia
    Years
    1845-1920 (aged 75)
    Enrolled in the Academy of Fine Arts, Munich
    Studied in 1869
    Occupations
    politicianpainter
    Biography

    Pál Szinyei Merse was a Hungarian painter and art educator.

  30. Christian Schad

    Christian Schad
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1894-1982 (aged 88)
    Occupations
    photographergraphic artistcollagistpainter
    Biography

    Christian Schad was a German painter and photographer. He was associated with the Dada and the New Objectivity movements. Considered as a group, Schad's portraits form an extraordinary record of life in Vienna and Berlin in the years following World War I.

  31. Karl Wilhelm Diefenbach

    Karl Wilhelm Diefenbach
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1851-1913 (aged 62)
    Occupations
    painter
    Biography

    Karl Wilhelm Diefenbach was a German painter and social reformer.

  32. Franz Roubaud

    Franz Roubaud
    Born in
    Ukraine Flag Ukraine
    Years
    1856-1928 (aged 72)
    Occupations
    university teacherpainter
    Biography

    Franz Roubaud was a Russian painter who created some of the largest and best known panoramic paintings. He created circular paintings, exposed on a cylindrical surface and viewed from the inside at a lookout point. The painting was believed to reproduce the original scene with high fidelity.

  33. Julian Fałat

    Julian Fałat
    Born in
    Ukraine Flag Ukraine
    Years
    1853-1929 (aged 76)
    Occupations
    teacherpainterwatercolorist
    Biography

    Julian Fałat, was one of the most prolific Polish painters of watercolor and one of the country's foremost landscape painters as well as one of the leading Polish impressionists.

  34. Józef Brandt

    Józef Brandt
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1841-1915 (aged 74)
    Occupations
    painter
    Biography

    Józef Brandt was a Polish painter, a representative of the Munich School, best known for his paintings of battles.

  35. Yannoulis Chalepas

    Yannoulis Chalepas
    Born in
    Greece Flag Greece
    Years
    1851-1938 (aged 87)
    Occupations
    sculptor
    Biography

    Yannoulis Chalepas was a Greek sculptor and a significant figure of Modern Greek art.

  36. Nicolae Tonitza

    Nicolae Tonitza
    Born in
    Romania Flag Romania
    Years
    1886-1940 (aged 54)
    Occupations
    caricaturistjournalistlithographerpainter
    Biography

    Nicolae Tonitza was a Romanian painter, engraver, lithographer, journalist and art critic. Drawing inspiration from Post-impressionism and Expressionism, he had a major role in introducing modernist guidelines to local art.

  37. Ludwig Emil Grimm

    Ludwig Emil Grimm
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1790-1863 (aged 73)
    Occupations
    illustratorpainteruniversity teacher
    Biography

    Ludwig Emil Grimm was a German painter, art professor, etcher and copper engraver. His brothers were the well-known folklorists, Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm.

  38. Wilhelm Leibl

    Wilhelm Leibl
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1844-1900 (aged 56)
    Occupations
    paintergraphic artist
    Biography

    Wilhelm Maria Hubertus Leibl was a German realist painter of portraits and scenes of peasant life.

  39. Mykhailo Boychuk

    Mykhailo Boychuk
    Born in
    Ukraine Flag Ukraine
    Years
    1882-1937 (aged 55)
    Occupations
    painter
    Biography

    Mykhailo Boychuk was a Ukrainian painter, most commonly known as a monumentalist. He is considered a representative of the generation of the Executed Renaissance.

  40. Karl Amadeus Hartmann

    Karl Amadeus Hartmann
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1905-1963 (aged 58)
    Occupations
    composer
    Biography

    Karl Amadeus Hartmann was a German composer. Sometimes described as the greatest German symphonist of the 20th century, he is now largely overlooked, particularly in English-speaking countries.

  41. Thomas Demand

    Thomas Demand
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1964-.. (age 58)
    Occupations
    sculptorphotographer
    Biography

    Thomas Cyrill Demand is a German sculptor and photographer. He currently lives and works in Berlin and Los Angeles, and teaches at the University of Fine Arts, Hamburg.

  42. Moritz Daniel Oppenheim

    Moritz Daniel Oppenheim
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1800-1882 (aged 82)
    Occupations
    painter
    Biography

    Moritz Daniel Oppenheim was a German painter who is often regarded as the first Jewish painter of the modern era. His work was influenced by his cultural and religious roots at a time when many of his German Jewish contemporaries chose to convert to Christianity. Oppenheim is considered by the scholar Ismar Schorsch to be in sympathy with the ideals of the Wissenschaft des Judentums movement, because he remained "fair to the present" without denying his past.

  43. Gabriel von Max

    Gabriel von Max
    Born in
    Czech Republic Flag Czech Republic
    Years
    1840-1915 (aged 75)
    Occupations
    university teacherpedagogueteacherpainter
    Biography

    Gabriel Cornelius Ritter von Max was a Prague-born Austrian painter.

  44. Vardges Sureniants

    Vardges Sureniants
    Born in
    Georgia Flag Georgia
    Years
    1860-1921 (aged 61)
    Occupations
    illustratorsculptorpaintertranslatorart theorist
    Biography

    Vardges Sureniants was an Armenian painter, sculptor, illustrator, translator, art critic, and theater artist. He is considered the founder of Armenian historical painting. His paintings feature scenes from Armenian fairy-tales and various historical events. Although Sureniants had only one exhibition dedicated to his works in his lifetime, he was admired by many of his contemporaries who include many well-known figures in Armenian and Russian society such as Martiros Saryan, Ilya Repin, and Vladimir Stasov.

  45. Solomon Joseph Solomon

    Solomon Joseph Solomon
    Born in
    United Kingdom Flag United Kingdom
    Years
    1860-1927 (aged 67)
    Occupations
    engineerillustratorpainter
    Biography

    Solomon Joseph Solomon was a British painter, a founding member of the New English Art Club and member of the Royal Academy.

  46. Fernando Fader

    Fernando Fader
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1882-1935 (aged 53)
    Occupations
    painter
    Biography

    Fernando Fader was a French-born Argentine painter of the Post-impressionist school.

  47. Sergey Dmitriyevich Merkurov

    Sergey Dmitriyevich Merkurov
    Born in
    Armenia Flag Armenia
    Years
    1881-1952 (aged 71)
    Occupations
    sculptorpainter
    Biography

    Sergey Dmitrievich Merkurov was a prominent Soviet sculptor-monumentalist of Greek-Armenian descent. He was a People's Artist of the USSR, an academic at the Soviet Academy of Arts, and director of the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts from 1944 to 1949. Merkurov was considered the greatest Soviet master of post-mortem masks. He was the sculptor of the three biggest monuments of Joseph Stalin in the USSR.

  48. Teodor Axentowicz

    Teodor Axentowicz
    Born in
    Romania Flag Romania
    Years
    1859-1938 (aged 79)
    Occupations
    painter
    Biography

    Teodor Axentowicz was a Polish-Armenian painter and university professor. A renowned artist of his times, he was also the rector of the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków. As an artist, Axentowicz was famous for his portraits and subtle scenes of Hutsul life, set in the Carpathians.

  49. Jean-Marc Nattier

    Jean-Marc Nattier
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1804-1877 (aged 73)
    Occupations
    photographerlithographerpainter
    Biography

    Franz Seraph Hanfstaengl was a Bavarian painter, lithographer, and photographer.

  50. Franz Defregger

    Franz Defregger
    Born in
    Austria Flag Austria
    Years
    1835-1921 (aged 86)
    Occupations
    professorteacherpainter
    Biography

    Franz Defregger was an Austrian artist known for producing genre art and history paintings set in his native county of Tyrol.

  51. Karl von Piloty

    Karl von Piloty
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1826-1886 (aged 60)
    Occupations
    teacherpainteruniversity teacher
    Biography

    Karl Theodor von Piloty was a German painter, noted for his historical subjects, and recognised as the foremost representative of the realistic school in Germany.

  52. Fritz von Uhde

    Fritz von Uhde
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1848-1911 (aged 63)
    Occupations
    teacherpainteruniversity teacher
    Biography

    Fritz von Uhde was a German painter of genre and religious subjects. His style lay in-between Realism and Impressionism, he was once known as "Germany's outstanding impressionist" and he became one of the first painters to introduce plein-air painting in his country.

  53. László Mednyánszky

    László Mednyánszky
    Born in
    Slovakia Flag Slovakia
    Years
    1852-1919 (aged 67)
    Occupations
    paintergraphic designer
    Biography

    Baron László Mednyánszky or Ladislaus Josephus Balthasar Eustachius Mednyánszky, a Hungarian painter-philosopher, is one of the most enigmatic figures in the history of Hungarian art. Despite an aristocratic background, he spent most of his life moving around Europe working as an artist. Mednyánszky spent considerable periods in seclusion but mingled with people across society – in the aristocracy, art world, peasantry and army – many of whom became the subjects of his paintings. His most important works depict scenes of nature and poor, working people, particularly from his home region in Kingdom of Hungary. He is also known as a painter of folklore of Upper Hungary (today mostly Slovakia).

  54. Elisabet Ney

    Elisabet Ney
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1833-1907 (aged 74)
    Occupations
    sculptor
    Biography

    Franzisca Bernadina Wilhelmina Elisabeth Ney was a German-American sculptor who spent the first half of her life and career in Europe, producing portraits of famous leaders such as Otto von Bismarck, Giuseppe Garibaldi and King George V of Hanover. At age 39, she immigrated to Texas with her husband, Edmund Montgomery, and became a pioneer in the development of art there. Among her most famous works during her Texas period were life-size marble figures of Sam Houston and Stephen F. Austin, commissions for the Texas State Capitol. A large group of her works are housed in the Elisabet Ney Museum, located in her home and studio in Austin. Other works can be found in the United States Capitol, the Smithsonian American Art Museum, and numerous collections in Germany.

  55. Eduard von Grützner

    Eduard von Grützner
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1846-1925 (aged 79)
    Occupations
    painterteacher
    Biography

    Eduard Theodor Ritter von Grützner was a German painter and professor of art. He was especially noted for his genre paintings of monks. He also repeatedly portrayed Falstaff.

  56. Nikiforos Lytras

    Nikiforos Lytras
    Born in
    Greece Flag Greece
    Years
    1832-1904 (aged 72)
    Occupations
    faculty memberpainter
    Biography

    Nikiforos Lytras was a nineteenth-century Greek painter. He was born in Tinos, and trained in Athens at the School of Arts. In 1860 he won a scholarship to Royal Academy of Fine Arts of Munich. After completing these studies, he became a professor at the School of Arts in 1866, a position he held for the rest of his life. He remained faithful to the precepts and principles of the Munich School, while paying greatest attention both to ethnographic themes and portraiture. His most famous portrait was of the royal couple, Otto and Amalia, and his most well-known landscape a depiction of the region of Lavrio.

  57. Günther Förg

    Günther Förg
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1952-2013 (aged 61)
    Occupations
    drawerphotographerillustratorprintmakersculptor
    Biography

    Günther Förg was a German painter, graphic designer, sculptor and photographer. His abstract style was influenced by American abstract painting.

  58. Eugene Kazimierowski

    Eugene Kazimierowski
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1873-1939 (aged 66)
    Occupations
    iconographerpainter
    Biography

    Eugeniusz Marcin Kazimirowski was a Polish painter member of the realism movement. He is best known for the first depiction of the Divine Mercy image in 1934, based on a request from Faustyna Kowalska and her confessor Michael Sopoćko.

  59. Gyula Benczúr

    Gyula Benczúr
    Born in
    Hungary Flag Hungary
    Years
    1844-1920 (aged 76)
    Enrolled in the Academy of Fine Arts, Munich
    Studied in 1861-1865
    Occupations
    university teachergraphic artistpainterdrawer
    Biography

    Gyula Benczúr was a Hungarian painter and art teacher. He specialized in portraits and historical scenes.

  60. Lucian Bernhard

    Lucian Bernhard
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1883-1972 (aged 89)
    Occupations
    paintergraphic designerphotographertypographerdesigner
    Biography

    Lucian Bernhard was a German graphic designer, type designer, professor, interior designer, and artist during the first half of the twentieth century.

  61. Georgios Jakobides

    Georgios Jakobides
    Born in
    Greece Flag Greece
    Years
    1853-1932 (aged 79)
    Occupations
    curatorpainteruniversity teacher
    Biography

    Georgios Jakobides was a painter and one of the main representatives of the Greek artistic movement of the Munich School. He founded and was the first curator of the National Gallery of Greece in Athens.

  62. Bruno Paul

    Bruno Paul
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1874-1968 (aged 94)
    Occupations
    graphic designerdrawerphotographerfurniture designerarchitect
    Biography

    Bruno Paul was a German architect, illustrator, interior designer, and furniture designer.

  63. Maksymilian Gierymski

    Maksymilian Gierymski
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1846-1874 (aged 28)
    Occupations
    painter
    Biography

    Maksymilian Dionizy Gierymski was a Polish painter, specializing mainly in watercolours. He was the older brother of painter Aleksander Gierymski.

  64. Ulrike Ottinger

    Ulrike Ottinger
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1942-.. (age 80)
    Occupations
    film directorphotographerscreenwritercinematographerpainter
    Biography

    Ulrike Ottinger is a German filmmaker and photographer.

  65. Alfred Wierusz-Kowalski

    Alfred Wierusz-Kowalski
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1849-1915 (aged 66)
    Occupations
    painter
    Biography

    Alfred Jan Maksymilian Kowalski was a Polish painter and representative of the Munich School.

  66. Anton Ažbe

    Anton Ažbe
    Born in
    Austria Flag Austria
    Years
    1862-1905 (aged 43)
    Occupations
    painter
    Biography

    Anton Ažbe was a Slovene realist painter and teacher of painting. Ažbe, crippled since birth and orphaned at the age of 8, learned painting as an apprentice to Janez Wolf and at the Academies in Vienna and Munich. At the age of 30 Ažbe founded his own school of painting in Munich that became a popular attraction for Eastern European students. Ažbe trained the "big four" Slovenian impressionists (Rihard Jakopič, Ivan Grohar, Matej Sternen, Matija Jama), a whole generation of Russian painters (Ivan Bilibin, Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Igor Grabar, Wassily Kandinsky, Dmitry Kardovsky and Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin, to name a few) and Serbian painters Nadežda Petrović, Beta Vukanović, Ljubomir Ivanović, Borivoje Stevanović, Kosta Miličević, and Milan Milovanović.

  67. Thomas Theodor Heine

    Thomas Theodor Heine
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1867-1948 (aged 81)
    Occupations
    illustratordesignersculptorpainterwriter
    Biography

    Thomas Theodor Heine was a German painter, illustrator and cartoonist. Born in Leipzig, Heine established himself as a gifted caricaturist at an early age, which led to him studying art at the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf and, briefly, at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich.

  68. Nicolae Teclu

    Nicolae Teclu
    Born in
    Romania Flag Romania
    Years
    1839-1916 (aged 77)
    Occupations
    architectchemistuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Nicolae Teclu; (11 October 1839, Kronstadt, Austrian Empire (today Brașov, Romania) – 13 July 1916, Vienna, Austria-Hungary) was a Romanian chemist, who gave his name to the worldwide-used "Teclu burner". He studied engineering and architecture, and then chemistry, continuing his career by becoming professor for general and analytical chemistry in Vienna. He also contributed substantially to the worldwide development of chemistry.

  69. Peter von Hess

    Peter von Hess
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1792-1871 (aged 79)
    Occupations
    paintergraphic artist
    Biography

    Peter Heinrich Lambert von Hess was a German painter, known for historic paintings, especially of the Napoleonic Wars and the Greek War of Independence.

  70. Walter Trier

    Walter Trier
    Born in
    Czech Republic Flag Czech Republic
    Years
    1890-1951 (aged 61)
    Occupations
    writerillustratorauthorpainterhumorist
    Biography

    Walter Trier was a Czech-German illustrator, best known for his work for the children's books of Erich Kästner and the covers of the magazine Lilliput.

  71. Stefan Szczesny

    Stefan Szczesny
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1951-.. (age 71)
    Occupations
    photographersculptorpainterceramicist
    Biography

    Stefan Szczesny is a German painter, draughtsman, and sculptor. He is best known for co-founding the Neue Wilde movement in the early 1980s.

  72. Theodor Pallady

    Theodor Pallady
    Born in
    Romania Flag Romania
    Years
    1871-1956 (aged 85)
    Occupations
    painter
    Biography

    Theodor Pallady was a Romanian painter.

  73. Friedrich von Gärtner

    Friedrich von Gärtner
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1791-1847 (aged 56)
    Occupations
    general contractorarchitectuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Friedrich von Gärtner was a German architect.

  74. John Henry Twachtman

    John Henry Twachtman
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1853-1902 (aged 49)
    Occupations
    painter
    Biography

    John Henry Twachtman was an American painter best known for his impressionist landscapes, though his painting style varied widely through his career. Art historians consider Twachtman's style of American Impressionism to be among the more personal and experimental of his generation. He was a member of "The Ten," a loosely-allied group of American artists dissatisfied with professional art organizations, who banded together in 1898 to exhibit their works as a stylistically unified group.

  75. Octav Băncilă

    Octav Băncilă
    Born in
    Romania Flag Romania
    Years
    1872-1944 (aged 72)
    Occupations
    activistpainter
    Biography

    Octav Băncilă was a Romanian realist painter and left-wing activist. He was the brother of Sofia Nădejde, a feminist journalist, and the brother-in-law of Ioan Nădejde (an atheist and socialist thinker, editor of the magazine Contemporanul).

  76. Ivan Mrkvička

    Ivan Mrkvička
    Born in
    Czech Republic Flag Czech Republic
    Years
    1856-1938 (aged 82)
    Occupations
    teacherpoetpainter
    Biography

    Ivan Mrkvička was a Czech-born painter and an active contributor to the artistic life of newly liberated Bulgaria in the late 19th and early 20th century. He is regarded as one of the founders of the modern Bulgarian fine art tradition.

  77. Hallgrímur Helgason

    Hallgrímur Helgason
    Born in
    Iceland Flag Iceland
    Years
    1959-.. (age 63)
    Occupations
    playwrightcaricaturistwriterpainterscreenwriter
    Biography

    Hallgrímur Helgason is an Icelandic painter, novelist, translator, and columnist.

  78. Richard Lindner

    Richard Lindner
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1901-1978 (aged 77)
    Occupations
    graphic artistcollagistillustratordesigneruniversity teacher
    Biography

    Richard Lindner was a German-American painter.

  79. Frank Duveneck

    Frank Duveneck
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1848-1919 (aged 71)
    Occupations
    university teacherpainter
    Biography

    Frank Duveneck was an American figure and portrait painter.

  80. Paul Flora

    Paul Flora
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1922-2009 (aged 87)
    Occupations
    graphic artistillustratorpostage stamp designerwritercomics artist
    Biography

    Paul Flora was an Austrian caricaturist, graphic artist, and illustrator, known for his black ink line drawings. "Flora was one of Europe's most profiled illustrators since the 1960s. He worked for British newspapers The Times and The Observer as well as for Germany's Die Zeit".

  81. Wilhelm Trübner

    Wilhelm Trübner
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1851-1917 (aged 66)
    Occupations
    university teacherpainter
    Biography

    Wilhelm Trübner was a German realist painter of the circle of Wilhelm Leibl.

  82. Viktor Oliva

    Viktor Oliva
    Born in
    Czech Republic Flag Czech Republic
    Years
    1861-1928 (aged 67)
    Occupations
    illustratorvisual artisttypographercontributing editorpainter
    Biography

    Viktor Oliva was a Czech painter and illustrator.

  83. Hans am Ende

    Hans am Ende
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1864-1918 (aged 54)
    Occupations
    paintersculptorgraphic artist
    Biography

    Hans am Ende was a German Impressionist painter.

  84. Konstantinos Volanakis

    Konstantinos Volanakis
    Born in
    Greece Flag Greece
    Years
    1837-1907 (aged 70)
    Occupations
    painterteacher
    Biography

    Konstantinos Volanakis was a Greek painter who became known as the "father of Greek seascape painting".

  85. Eilif Peterssen

    Eilif Peterssen
    Born in
    Norway Flag Norway
    Years
    1852-1928 (aged 76)
    Occupations
    painter
    Biography

    Hjalmar Eilif Emanuel Peterssen was a Norwegian painter. He is most commonly associated with his landscapes and portraits.

  86. Joža Uprka

    Joža Uprka
    Born in
    Czech Republic Flag Czech Republic
    Years
    1861-1940 (aged 79)
    Occupations
    graphic designerpaintergraphic artist
    Biography

    Joža Uprka was a Czech painter and graphic artist, whose work combines elements of Impressionism and Art Nouveau to document the folklife of Southern Moravia.

  87. Simon Hollósy

    Simon Hollósy
    Born in
    Romania Flag Romania
    Years
    1857-1918 (aged 61)
    Occupations
    painter
    Biography

    Simon Hollósy; (2 February 1857, Máramarossziget (now Sighetu Marmaţiei, Romania) – 8 May 1918, Técső (now Tiachiv, Ukraine) was a Hungarian painter of Armenian ancestry; original name was: Choriban (Korbuly). He was considered one of the greatest Hungarian representatives of 19th-century Naturalism and Realism.

  88. Alberto da Veiga Guignard

    Alberto da Veiga Guignard
    Born in
    Brazil Flag Brazil
    Years
    1896-1962 (aged 66)
    Occupations
    drawerpainter
    Biography

    Alberto da Veiga Guignard was a Brazilian painter who became renowned for his depictions of the landscapes of Minas Gerais.

  89. Osip Braz

    Osip Braz
    Born in
    Ukraine Flag Ukraine
    Years
    1873-1936 (aged 63)
    Occupations
    drawerpainter
    Biography

    Osip Emmanuilovich Braz was a Russian-Jewish realist painter.

  90. Władysław Czachórski

    Władysław Czachórski
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1850-1911 (aged 61)
    Occupations
    painter
    Biography

    Władysław Czachórski was a Polish painter in the Academic style.

  91. Ernst Oppler

    Ernst Oppler
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1867-1929 (aged 62)
    Occupations
    etcherpainter
    Biography

    Ernst Oppler was a German Impressionist painter and etcher born in Hanover.

  92. Claus Bergen

    Claus Bergen
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1885-1964 (aged 79)
    Occupations
    painterillustrator
    Biography

    Claus Friedrich Bergen was a German illustrator and painter, best known for his depictions of naval warfare in World War I.

  93. Katarina Ivanović

    Katarina Ivanović
    Born in
    Hungary Flag Hungary
    Years
    1811-1882 (aged 71)
    Occupations
    painter
    Biography

    Katarina Ivanović was a Serbian painter from the Austrian Empire (later Hungary in Austria-Hungary). She is regarded as the first Serbian female painter in modern art history.

  94. Rihard Jakopič

    Rihard Jakopič
    Born in
    Slovenia Flag Slovenia
    Years
    1869-1943 (aged 74)
    Occupations
    painter
    Biography

    Rihard Jakopič was a Slovene painter. He was the leading Slovene Impressionist painter, patron of arts and theoretician. Together with Matej Sternen, Matija Jama and Ivan Grohar, he is considered the pioneer of Slovene Impressionist painting.

  95. Edward Henry Potthast

    Edward Henry Potthast
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1857-1927 (aged 70)
    Occupations
    illustratorpainterartist
    Biography

    Edward Henry Potthast was an American Impressionist painter. He is known for his paintings of people at leisure in Central Park, and on the beaches of New York and New England.

  96. Otto Ubbelohde

    Otto Ubbelohde
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1867-1922 (aged 55)
    Occupations
    painterillustrator
    Biography

    Otto Ubbelohde was a German painter, etcher and illustrator.

  97. Gabriel von Seidl

    Gabriel von Seidl
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1848-1913 (aged 65)
    Occupations
    architect
    Biography

    Gabriel von Seidl was a German architect and a representative of the historicist style of architecture.

  98. Ernst von Bandel

    Ernst von Bandel
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1800-1876 (aged 76)
    Occupations
    architectpaintersculptor
    Biography

    Joseph Ernst von Bandel was a German architect, sculptor and painter. He is best known for his 38 years of work on the monumental Hermannsdenkmal near Detmold, honoring Arminius' victory over Roman troops in 9 AD.

  99. Karl Stauffer-Bern

    Karl Stauffer-Bern
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1857-1891 (aged 34)
    Enrolled in the Academy of Fine Arts, Munich
    Studied in 1876-1880
    Occupations
    printmakerengraversculptorpainter
    Biography

    Karl Stauffer, known as Karl Stauffer-Bern was a Swiss painter, etcher and sculptor.

  100. Ludwig Michael Schwanthaler

    Ludwig Michael Schwanthaler
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1802-1848 (aged 46)
    Occupations
    university teacherteacherknightsculptor
    Biography

    Ludwig Michael Schwanthaler, later ennobled as Ritter von Schwanthaler, was a German sculptor who taught at the Academy of Fine Arts, Munich.