100 Notable alumni of
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich is 322nd in the world, 104th in Europe, and 3rd in Switzerland by aggregated alumni prominence. Below is the list of 100 notable alumni from Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich sorted by their wiki pages popularity. The directory includes famous graduates and former students along with research and academic staff. 32 individuals affiliated with Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich won Nobel Prizes in Physics, Chemistry, and Physiology or Medicine.

  1. Albert Einstein

    Photo
    Albert Einstein
    Awards
    Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1879-1955 (aged 76)
    Enrolled in Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich
    1896-1900 graduated with Bachelor of Science in mathematics education
    Occupations
    theoretical physicistphilosopher of scienceinventorscience writerpedagogue
    Biography

    Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist, widely acknowledged to be one of the greatest physicists of all time. Einstein is known for developing the theory of relativity, but he also made important contributions to the development of the theory of quantum mechanics. Relativity and quantum mechanics are together the two pillars of modern physics. His mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc, which arises from relativity theory, has been dubbed "the world's most famous equation". His work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science. He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect", a pivotal step in the development of quantum theory. His intellectual achievements and originality resulted in "Einstein" becoming synonymous with "genius".

  2. Mileva Marić

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    Mileva Marić
    Born in
    Serbia Flag Serbia
    Years
    1875-1948 (aged 73)
    Occupations
    mathematicianscientistteacherphysicist
    Biography

    Mileva Marić, sometimes called Mileva Marić-Einstein or Mileva Marić-Ajnštajn (Serbian Cyrillic: Милева Марић-Ајнштајн), was a Serbian physicist and mathematician and the first wife of Albert Einstein from 1903 to 1919. She was the only woman among Einstein's fellow students at Zürich Polytechnic and was the second woman to finish a full program of study at the Department of Mathematics and Physics. Marić and Einstein were collaborators and lovers and had a daughter Lieserl in 1902, whose fate is unknown. They later had two sons, Hans Albert and Eduard.

  3. Wilhelm Röntgen

    Photo
    Wilhelm Röntgen
    Awards
    Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1845-1923 (aged 78)
    Enrolled in Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich
    1865-1868 studied mechanical engineering
    Occupations
    physicistprofessorengineer
    Biography

    Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen was a German mechanical engineer and physicist, who, on 8 November 1895, produced and detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range known as X-rays or Röntgen rays, an achievement that earned him the inaugural Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901. In honour of Röntgen's accomplishments, in 2004 the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) named element 111, roentgenium, a radioactive element with multiple unstable isotopes, after him. The unit of measurement roentgen was also named after him.

  4. Fritz Haber

    Photo
    Fritz Haber
    Awards
    Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1868-1934 (aged 66)
    Occupations
    chemistphysicistengineeracademicuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Fritz Haber was a German chemist who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918 for his invention of the Haber–Bosch process, a method used in industry to synthesize ammonia from nitrogen gas and hydrogen gas. This invention is of importance for the large-scale synthesis of fertilizers and explosives. It is estimated that two thirds of annual global food production uses nitrogen from the Haber-Bosch process, and that this supports nearly half the world population. Haber, along with Max Born, proposed the Born–Haber cycle as a method for evaluating the lattice energy of an ionic solid.

  5. Santiago Calatrava

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    Santiago Calatrava
    Born in
    Spain Flag Spain
    Years
    1951-.. (age 70)
    Occupations
    sculptorarchitectstructural engineercivil engineerengineer
    Biography

    Santiago Calatrava Valls is a Spanish architect, structural engineer, sculptor and painter, particularly known for his bridges supported by single leaning pylons, and his railway stations, stadiums, and museums, whose sculptural forms often resemble living organisms. His best-known works include the Olympic Sports Complex of Athens, the Milwaukee Art Museum, the Turning Torso tower in Malmö, Sweden, the World Trade Center Transportation Hub in New York City, the Auditorio de Tenerife in Santa Cruz de Tenerife, the Margaret Hunt Hill Bridge in Dallas, Texas, and his largest project, the City of Arts and Sciences and Opera House in his birthplace, Valencia. His architectural firm has offices in New York City, Doha, and Zürich.

  6. Ferdinand Piëch

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    Ferdinand Piëch
    Born in
    Austria Flag Austria
    Years
    1937-2019 (aged 82)
    Occupations
    inventorbusiness executiveentrepreneuruniversity teacherengineer
    Biography

    Ferdinand Karl Piëch was an Austrian business magnate, engineer and executive who was the chairman of the executive board (Vorstandsvorsitzender) of Volkswagen Group in 1993–2002 and the chairman of the supervisory board (Aufsichtsratsvorsitzender) of Volkswagen Group in 2002–2015.

  7. Max Frisch

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    Max Frisch
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1911-1991 (aged 80)
    Occupations
    writerarchitectplaywrightnovelistdiarist
    Biography

    Max Rudolf Frisch was a Swiss playwright and novelist. Frisch's works focused on problems of identity, individuality, responsibility, morality, and political commitment. The use of irony is a significant feature of his post-war output. Frisch was one of the founders of Gruppe Olten. He was awarded the 1965 Jerusalem Prize, the 1973 Grand Schiller Prize, and the 1986 Neustadt International Prize for Literature.

  8. Klaus Schwab

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    Klaus Schwab
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1938-.. (age 83)
    Occupations
    economistpedagogueuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Klaus Martin Schwab is a German engineer and economist best known as the founder and executive chairman of the World Economic Forum. His wife and first collaborator, Hilde, co-founded the Schwab Foundation for Social Entrepreneurship with him.

  9. Gabriel Narutowicz

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    Gabriel Narutowicz
    Born in
    Lithuania Flag Lithuania
    Years
    1865-1922 (aged 57)
    Occupations
    politiciandiplomatengineeruniversity teacher
    Biography

    Gabriel Józef Narutowicz was a Polish professor of hydroelectric engineering and politician who served as the first President of Poland from 11 December 1922 until his assassination on 16 December, five days after assuming office. He previously served as the Minister of Public Works from 1920 to 1921 and briefly as Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1922. A renowned engineer and politically independent, Narutowicz was the first elected head of state following Poland's regained sovereignty from partitioning powers.

  10. Naguib Sawiris

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    Naguib Sawiris
    Born in
    Egypt Flag Egypt
    Years
    1954-.. (age 67)
    Occupations
    entrepreneurbusinesspersonpolitician
    Biography

    Naguib Onsi Sawiris is an Egyptian billionaire businessman. Sawiris is chairman of Weather Investments's parent company, and chairman and CEO of Orascom Telecom Holding.

  11. Auguste Piccard

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    Auguste Piccard
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1884-1962 (aged 78)
    Occupations
    physicistexplorerballoonistPrivatdozentuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Auguste Antoine Piccard was a Swiss physicist, inventor and explorer known for his record-breaking helium-filled balloon flights, with which he studied the Earth's upper atmosphere. Piccard was also known for his invention of the first bathyscaphe, FNRS-2, with which he made a number of unmanned dives in 1948 to explore the ocean's depths.

  12. Simon Ammann

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    Simon Ammann
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1981-.. (age 40)
    Occupations
    ski jumperalpine skier
    Biography

    Simon "Simi" Ammann is a Swiss ski jumper. He is one of the most successful athletes in the history of the sport, having won four individual Winter Olympic gold medals, in 2002 and 2010, and is the only ski jumper to have achieved the gold double–double at the Winter Olympics. His other achievements include winning the 2007 Ski Jumping World Championships, the 2010 Ski Flying World Championships, the 2010 Nordic Tournament, and the 2010 Ski Jumping World Cup overall title.

  13. Niklaus Wirth

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    Niklaus Wirth
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1934-.. (age 87)
    Occupations
    computer scientistengineerprogrammeruniversity teacher
    Biography

    Niklaus Emil Wirth is a Swiss computer scientist. He has designed several programming languages, including Pascal, and pioneered several classic topics in software engineering. In 1984, he won the Turing Award, generally recognized as the highest distinction in computer science, for developing a sequence of innovative computer languages.

  14. Carlos Kleiber

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    Carlos Kleiber
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1930-2004 (aged 74)
    Occupations
    conductor
    Biography

    Carlos Kleiber was an Austrian conductor who is widely regarded as among the greatest conductors of all time.

  15. Johann Schneider-Ammann

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    Johann Schneider-Ammann
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1952-.. (age 69)
    Enrolled in Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich
    In 1977 studied electrical engineering
    Occupations
    politicianindustrialistengineer
    Biography

    Johann Niklaus Schneider-Ammann is a Swiss businessman and politician who served as a Member of the Swiss Federal Council from 2010 to 2018. A member of FDP.The Liberals, he was President of the Swiss Confederation in 2016. During his tenure as a Federal Councillor, Schneider-Ammann headed the Federal Department of Economic Affairs, Education and Research.

  16. Nikola Pašić

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    Nikola Pašić
    Born in
    Serbia Flag Serbia
    Years
    1845-1926 (aged 81)
    Occupations
    politiciandiplomat
    Biography

    Nikola Pašić was a Serbian and Yugoslav politician and diplomat who was a leading political figure for almost 40 years. He was the leader of the People's Radical Party and, among other posts, was twice a mayor of Belgrade (1890–91 and 1897), several times Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Serbia (1891–92, 1904–05, 1906–08, 1909–11, 1912–18) and Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918, 1921–24, 1924–26).

  17. Felix Bloch

    Photo
    Felix Bloch
    Awards
    Nobel Prize in Physics in 1952
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1905-1983 (aged 78)
    Occupations
    physicistuniversity teachernuclear physicist
    Biography

    Felix Bloch was a Swiss-American physicist and Nobel physics laureate who worked mainly in the U.S. He and Edward Mills Purcell were awarded the 1952 Nobel Prize for Physics for "their development of new ways and methods for nuclear magnetic precision measurements." In 1954–1955, he served for one year as the first Director-General of CERN. Felix Bloch made fundamental theoretical contributions to the understanding of ferromagnetism and electron behavior in crystal lattices. He is also considered one of the developers of nuclear magnetic resonance.

  18. Carl von Linde

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    Carl von Linde
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1842-1934 (aged 92)
    Occupations
    engineerphysicistuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Carl Paul Gottfried Linde was a German scientist, engineer, and businessman. He discovered a refrigeration cycle and invented the first industrial-scale air separation and gas liquefaction processes, which led to the first reliable and efficient compressed-ammonia refrigerator in 1876. These breakthroughs laid the backbone for the 1913 Nobel Prize in Physics that was awarded to Heike Kamerlingh Onnes. Linde was a member of scientific and engineering associations, including being on the board of trustees of the Physikalisch-Technische Reichsanstalt and the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities. Linde was also the founder of what is now known as Linde plc, the world's largest industrial gases company, and ushered the creation of the supply chain of industrial gases as a profitable line of businesses. He was knighted in 1897 as Ritter von Linde.

  19. Alfred Werner

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    Alfred Werner
    Awards
    Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1913
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1866-1919 (aged 53)
    Occupations
    chemistuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Alfred Werner was a Swiss chemist who was a student at ETH Zurich and a professor at the University of Zurich. He won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1913 for proposing the octahedral configuration of transition metal complexes. Werner developed the basis for modern coordination chemistry. He was the first inorganic chemist to win the Nobel prize, and the only one prior to 1973.

  20. Maurice Koechlin

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    Maurice Koechlin
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1856-1946 (aged 90)
    Occupations
    civil engineernon-fiction writerengineer
    Biography

    Maurice Koechlin was a Franco-Swiss structural engineer from the Koechlin family.

  21. Walter Thurnherr

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    Walter Thurnherr
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1963-.. (age 58)
    Enrolled in Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich
    Studied in 1983-1987
    Occupations
    civil servantdiplomatpolitician
    Biography

    Walter Thurnherr is a Swiss government official who has served as Chancellor of Switzerland since 2016. Although he holds a traditionally nonpartisan office, he was elected as a member of the Christian Democratic People's Party (CVP/PDC). When it merged with the Conservative Democratic Party (BDP/PBD) to form The Centre in 2021, Thurnherr joined the new party.

  22. Gustaf Dalén

    Photo
    Gustaf Dalén
    Awards
    Nobel Prize in Physics in 1912
    Born in
    Sweden Flag Sweden
    Years
    1869-1937 (aged 68)
    Occupations
    physicistengineerinventorentrepreneurbusiness executive
    Biography

    Nils Gustaf Dalén was a Swedish Nobel Laureate and industrialist, engineer, inventor and long-term CEO of the AGA company and inventor of the AGA cooker and the Dalén light. In 1912 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his "invention of automatic regulators for use in conjunction with gas accumulators for illuminating lighthouses and buoys".

  23. Bernard Tschumi

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    Bernard Tschumi
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1944-.. (age 77)
    Occupations
    architectuniversity teacherurban planner
    Biography

    Bernard Tschumi is an architect, writer, and educator, commonly associated with deconstructivism. Son of the well-known Swiss architect Jean Tschumi and a French mother, Tschumi is a dual French-Swiss national who works and lives in New York City and Paris. He studied in Paris and at ETH in Zurich, where he received his degree in architecture in 1969.

  24. Hermann Staudinger

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    Hermann Staudinger
    Awards
    Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1953
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1881-1965 (aged 84)
    Occupations
    chemistengineeruniversity teacher
    Biography

    Hermann Staudinger was a German organic chemist who demonstrated the existence of macromolecules, which he characterized as polymers. For this work he received the 1953 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

  25. Hansjörg Wyss

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    Hansjörg Wyss
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1935-.. (age 86)
    Enrolled in Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich
    In 1959 graduated with Master of Science in structural engineering and civil engineering
    Occupations
    entrepreneur
    Biography

    Hansjörg Wyss is a Swiss billionaire businessman and donor to politically liberal and environmental causes in the United States. He is the founder and the former president and chairman of Synthes USA, a medical device manufacturer. His Wyss Foundation has more than $2 billion in assets. As of 2021, Wyss had a net worth of US $6.5 billion, according to Forbes. Having donated hundreds of millions of dollars to environmental causes, he has more recently increased his donations to groups promoting progressive causes.

  26. Marcel Grossmann

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    Marcel Grossmann
    Born in
    Hungary Flag Hungary
    Years
    1878-1936 (aged 58)
    Enrolled in Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich
    Studied in 1896-1900
    Occupations
    mathematician
    Biography

    Marcel Grossmann was a Swiss mathematician and a friend and classmate of Albert Einstein. Grossmann was a member of an old Swiss family from Zurich. His father managed a textile factory. He became a Professor of Mathematics at the Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, today the ETH Zurich, specializing in descriptive geometry.

  27. Emma Pooley

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    Emma Pooley
    Born in
    United Kingdom Flag United Kingdom
    Years
    1982-.. (age 39)
    Occupations
    sport cyclistmarathon runnertriathlete
    Biography

    Emma Jane Pooley is an English sportswoman and former presenter on the Global Cycling Network. A former professional cyclist who specialised in time trials and hilly races, she later transferred to endurance running, duathlon and triathlon, and is currently a professional triathlete and duathlete, and the reigning quadruple world champion in long-distance duathlon.

  28. Hendrik Petrus Berlage

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    Hendrik Petrus Berlage
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1856-1934 (aged 78)
    Occupations
    architecturban planner
    Biography

    Hendrik Petrus Berlage was a prominent Dutch architect.

  29. Michele Besso

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    Michele Besso
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1873-1955 (aged 82)
    Occupations
    engineermathematician
    Biography

    Michele Angelo Besso was a Swiss/Italian engineer.

  30. Martin Odersky

    Photo
    Martin Odersky
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1958-.. (age 63)
    Occupations
    computer scientistengineerprofessor
    Biography

    Martin Odersky is a German computer scientist and professor of programming methods at École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) in Switzerland. He specializes in code analysis and programming languages. He designed the Scala programming language and Generic Java (and Pizza before) both with others. He implemented the GJ compiler, and his implementation became the basis of javac, the Java compiler. In 2007, he was inducted as a Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery.

  31. Philippe Kahn

    Photo
    Philippe Kahn
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1952-.. (age 69)
    Occupations
    entrepreneurcomputer scientist
    Biography

    Philippe Kahn is an engineer, entrepreneur and founder of four technology companies: Borland, Starfish Software, LightSurf Technologies, and Fullpower Technologies. Kahn is credited with creating the first camera phone, being a pioneer for wearable technology intellectual property, and is the author of dozens of technology patents covering Internet of Things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI) modeling, wearable, eyewear, smartphone, mobile, imaging, wireless, synchronization and medical technologies.

  32. Marcel Janco

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    Marcel Janco
    Born in
    Romania Flag Romania
    Years
    1895-1984 (aged 89)
    Occupations
    architectpainterpoetmusiciansculptor
    Biography

    Marcel Janco was a Romanian and Israeli visual artist, architect and art theorist. He was the co-inventor of Dadaism and a leading exponent of Constructivism in Eastern Europe. In the 1910s, he co-edited, with Ion Vinea and Tristan Tzara, the Romanian art magazine Simbolul. Janco was a practitioner of Art Nouveau, Futurism and Expressionism before contributing his painting and stage design to Tzara's literary Dadaism. He parted with Dada in 1919, when he and painter Hans Arp founded a Constructivist circle, Das Neue Leben.

  33. Ferdinand Georg Frobenius

    Photo
    Ferdinand Georg Frobenius
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1849-1917 (aged 68)
    Occupations
    mathematicianuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Ferdinand Georg Frobenius was a German mathematician, best known for his contributions to the theory of elliptic functions, differential equations, number theory, and to group theory. He is known for the famous determinantal identities, known as Frobenius–Stickelberger formulae, governing elliptic functions, and for developing the theory of biquadratic forms. He was also the first to introduce the notion of rational approximations of functions (nowadays known as Padé approximants), and gave the first full proof for the Cayley–Hamilton theorem. He also lent his name to certain differential-geometric objects in modern mathematical physics, known as Frobenius manifolds.

  34. Heinrich Rohrer

    Photo
    Heinrich Rohrer
    Awards
    Nobel Prize in Physics in 1986
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1933-2013 (aged 80)
    Occupations
    physicist
    Biography

    Heinrich Rohrer was a Swiss physicist who shared half of the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physics with Gerd Binnig for the design of the scanning tunneling microscope (STM). The other half of the Prize was awarded to Ernst Ruska. The Heinrich Rohrer Medal is presented triennially by the Surface Science Society of Japan with IBM Research – Zurich, Swiss Embassy in Japan, and Ms. Rohrer in his memory. The medal is not to be confused with the Heinrich Rohrer Award presented at the Nano Seoul 2020 conference.

  35. Aldo van Eyck

    Photo
    Aldo van Eyck
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1918-1999 (aged 81)
    Occupations
    architectuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Aldo van Eyck was an architect from the Netherlands. He was one of the most influential protagonists of the architectural movement Structuralism.

  36. Othmar Ammann

    Photo
    Othmar Ammann
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1879-1965 (aged 86)
    Occupations
    structural engineercivil engineerengineerarchitect
    Biography

    Othmar Hermann Ammann was a Swiss-American civil engineer whose bridge designs include the George Washington Bridge, Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge, and Bayonne Bridge. He also directed the planning and construction of the Lincoln Tunnel.

  37. Werner Arber

    Photo
    Werner Arber
    Awards
    Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1978
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1929-.. (age 92)
    Occupations
    biologistgeneticistphysicianuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Werner Arber is a Swiss microbiologist and geneticist. Along with American researchers Hamilton Smith and Daniel Nathans, Werner Arber shared the 1978 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the discovery of restriction endonucleases. Their work would lead to the development of recombinant DNA technology.

  38. Tadeusz Reichstein

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    Tadeusz Reichstein
    Awards
    Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1950
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1897-1996 (aged 99)
    Occupations
    chemistphysicianbotanistuniversity teacherscientist
    Biography

    Tadeusz Reichstein was a Polish-Swiss chemist and the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (1950).

  39. Richard R. Ernst

    Photo
    Richard R. Ernst
    Awards
    Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1991
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1933-.. (age 88)
    Occupations
    chemist
    Biography

    Richard Robert Ernst was a Swiss physical chemist and Nobel Laureate.

  40. Jacques Roumain

    Photo
    Jacques Roumain
    Born in
    Haiti Flag Haiti
    Years
    1907-1944 (aged 37)
    Enrolled in Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich
    Studied in 1926
    Occupations
    writerpoetjournalistpolitician
    Biography

    Jacques Roumain was a Haitian writer, politician, and advocate of Marxism. He is considered one of the most prominent figures in Haitian literature. The African-American poet, Langston Hughes, translated some of Roumain's works, including Gouverneurs de la Rosée (Masters of the Dew).

  41. Friedrich Adler

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    Friedrich Adler
    Born in
    Austria Flag Austria
    Years
    1879-1960 (aged 81)
    Occupations
    politicianjournalistphilosopher
    Biography

    Friedrich Wolfgang "Fritz" Adler was an Austrian socialist politician and revolutionary. He is perhaps best known for his assassination of Minister-President Karl von Stürgkh in 1916.

  42. Karl Alexander Müller

    Photo
    Karl Alexander Müller
    Awards
    Nobel Prize in Physics in 1987
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1927-.. (age 94)
    Occupations
    physicistuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Karl Alexander Müller is a Swiss physicist and Nobel laureate. He received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1987 with Georg Bednorz for their work in superconductivity in ceramic materials.

  43. Georg Bednorz

    Photo
    Georg Bednorz
    Awards
    Nobel Prize in Physics in 1987
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1950-.. (age 71)
    Occupations
    physicist
    Biography

    Johannes Georg Bednorz is a German physicist who, together with K. Alex Müller, discovered high-temperature superconductivity in ceramics, for which they shared the 1987 Nobel Prize in Physics.

  44. Charles Édouard Guillaume

    Photo
    Charles Édouard Guillaume
    Awards
    Nobel Prize in Physics in 1920
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1861-1938 (aged 77)
    Occupations
    physicist
    Biography

    Charles Édouard Guillaume was a Swiss physicist who received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1920 in recognition of the service he had rendered to precision measurements in physics by his discovery of anomalies in nickel steel alloys. In 1919, he gave the fifth Guthrie Lecture at the Institute of Physics in London with the title "The Anomaly of the Nickel-Steels".

  45. Corine Mauch

    Photo
    Corine Mauch
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1960-.. (age 61)
    Enrolled in Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich
    1980-1988 graduated with bachelor of agricultural engineering
    Occupations
    politician
    Biography

    Corine Mauch is a Swiss Social Democrat politician who serves as mayor of Zurich. She is the first female and first openly lesbian person to be elected mayor of the city.

  46. Felix Finkbeiner

    Photo
    Felix Finkbeiner
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1997-.. (age 24)
    Enrolled in Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich
    Studied in 2018
    Occupations
    conservationistnon-fiction writerblogger
    Biography

    Felix Finkbeiner is a German environmentalist and the founder of the international tree-planting and environmental advocacy organization Plant-for-the-Planet.

  47. Robert Maillart

    Photo
    Robert Maillart
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1872-1940 (aged 68)
    Occupations
    civil engineerarchitect
    Biography

    Robert Maillart was a Swiss civil engineer who revolutionized the use of structural reinforced concrete with such designs as the three-hinged arch and the deck-stiffened arch for bridges, and the beamless floor slab and mushroom ceiling for industrial buildings. His Salginatobel (1929–1930) and Schwandbach (1933) bridges changed the aesthetics and engineering of bridge construction dramatically and influenced decades of architects and engineers after him. In 1991 the Salginatobel Bridge was declared an International Historic Civil Engineering Landmark by the American Society of Civil Engineers.

  48. Ivan Morozov

    Photo
    Ivan Morozov
    Born in
    Russia Flag Russia
    Years
    1871-1921 (aged 50)
    Occupations
    art collectorbusinessperson
    Biography

    Ivan Abramovich Morozov was a Russian businessman and, from 1907 to 1914, a major collector of avant-garde French art.

  49. John Houbolt

    Photo
    John Houbolt
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1919-2014 (aged 95)
    Occupations
    engineer
    Biography

    John Cornelius Houbolt was an aerospace engineer credited with leading the team behind the lunar orbit rendezvous (LOR) mission mode, a concept that was used to successfully land humans on the Moon and return them to Earth. This flight path was chosen for the Apollo program in July 1962. The critical decision to use LOR was viewed as vital to ensuring that man reached the Moon by the end of the decade as proposed by President John F. Kennedy. In the process, LOR saved time and billions of dollars by efficiently using the rocket and spacecraft technologies.

  50. Andreas Küttel

    Photo
    Andreas Küttel
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1979-.. (age 42)
    Enrolled in Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich
    1999-2005 graduated with Master of Science
    Occupations
    physical education teacherski jumper
    Biography

    Andreas Küttel is a Swiss former ski jumper who currently works in the field of sports science at the University of Southern Denmark.

  51. Paul Scherrer

    Photo
    Paul Scherrer
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1890-1969 (aged 79)
    Occupations
    physicistuniversity teachernuclear physicistcrystallographer
    Biography

    Paul Hermann Scherrer was a Swiss physicist. Born in St.Gallen, Switzerland, he studied at Göttingen, Germany, before becoming a lecturer there. Later, Scherrer became head of the Department of Physics at ETH Zurich.

  52. Annemarie Huber-Hotz

    Photo
    Annemarie Huber-Hotz
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1948-2019 (aged 71)
    Occupations
    politiciansociologistethnologist
    Biography

    Annemarie Huber-Hotz was a Swiss politician who served as the Federal Chancellor of Switzerland between 2000 and 2007. She was nominated by the FDP for the office, and elected to it on 15 December 1999. In 2011, she became President of the Swiss Red Cross and ex officio vice-president of the IFRC.

  53. Christophe Darbellay

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    Christophe Darbellay
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1971-.. (age 50)
    Occupations
    politician
    Biography

    Christophe Darbellay is a Swiss politician. Since 2017, he is a member of the cantonal government of the Canton of Valais.

  54. Friedrich Hirzebruch

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    Friedrich Hirzebruch
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1927-2012 (aged 85)
    Occupations
    mathematicianuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Friedrich Ernst Peter Hirzebruch ForMemRS was a German mathematician, working in the fields of topology, complex manifolds and algebraic geometry, and a leading figure in his generation. He has been described as "the most important mathematician in Germany of the postwar period."

  55. Luigi Snozzi

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    Luigi Snozzi
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1932-.. (age 89)
    Occupations
    architect
    Biography

    Luigi Snozzi was a Swiss architect, born in Mendrisio, Ticino. He worked in Locarno and Lugano.

  56. Valerio Olgiati

    Photo
    Valerio Olgiati
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1958-.. (age 63)
    Occupations
    architectuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Valerio Olgiati is an internationally active Swiss architect.

  57. Einat Kalisch-Rotem

    Photo
    Einat Kalisch-Rotem
    Born in
    Israel Flag Israel
    Years
    1970-.. (age 51)
    Occupations
    urban plannerarchitectpolitician
    Biography

    Einat Kalisch-Rotem is an Israeli urban planner and mayor of Haifa. She is the first female mayor to lead any of the three major cities in Israel.

  58. Aurelio Galfetti

    Photo
    Aurelio Galfetti
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1936-.. (age 85)
    Occupations
    architectuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Aurelio Galfetti is a Swiss architect.

  59. André Blattmann

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    André Blattmann
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1956-.. (age 65)
    Occupations
    military officer
    Biography

    André Blattmann was the Swiss Lieutenant General and Chief of the Armed Forces from 1 March 2009 (ad interim since 20 August 2008) until 31 December 2016. He led the Swiss army after the leave of Roland Nef ad interim on 25 July 2008.

  60. Kazys Škirpa

    Photo
    Kazys Škirpa
    Born in
    Lithuania Flag Lithuania
    Years
    1895-1979 (aged 84)
    Occupations
    diplomatpoliticianuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Kazys Škirpa was a Lithuanian military officer and diplomat. He is best known as the founder of the Lithuanian Activist Front (LAF) and his involvement in the attempt to establish Lithuanian independence in June 1941.

  61. Stefanos Manos

    Photo
    Stefanos Manos
    Born in
    Greece Flag Greece
    Years
    1939-.. (age 82)
    Occupations
    politician
    Biography

    Stefanos Manos is a Greek politician, former member of the Hellenic Parliament, and a former government minister. His political career started in the New Democracy party, for which he became a Member of Parliament in 1977. During the 1980s he would be the unpopular forerunner of Greek privatization. In April 1999, he formed his own party, The Liberals, but following its unsuccessful performance in the elections held in June for the European parliament (1,62%), he returned to the Hellenic Parliament firstly in 2000 as MP in co-operation with the major party of New Democracy, and again in the 2004 elections as independent by the statewide list but surprisingly on a rival PASOK ticket.

  62. August Kundt

    Photo
    August Kundt
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1839-1894 (aged 55)
    Occupations
    physicistuniversity teacher
    Biography

    August Adolf Eduard Eberhard Kundt was a German physicist.

  63. David Ruelle

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    David Ruelle
    Born in
    Belgium Flag Belgium
    Years
    1935-.. (age 86)
    Occupations
    mathematicianphysicist
    Biography

    David Pierre Ruelle is a Belgian mathematical physicist, naturalized French. He has worked on statistical physics and dynamical systems. With Floris Takens, Ruelle coined the term strange attractor, and developed a new theory of turbulence.

  64. Toni Rüttimann

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    Toni Rüttimann
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1967-.. (age 54)
    Occupations
    civil engineerengineer
    Biography

    Toni Rüttimann is a Swiss bridge builder who works in Southeast Asia and in Latin America, where he is known as Toni el Suizo (Toni the Swiss).

  65. Augustus Edward Hough Love

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    Augustus Edward Hough Love
    Born in
    United Kingdom Flag United Kingdom
    Years
    1863-1940 (aged 77)
    Occupations
    mathematician
    Biography

    Augustus Edward Hough Love FRS, often known as A. E. H. Love, was a mathematician famous for his work on the mathematical theory of elasticity. He also worked on wave propagation and his work on the structure of the Earth in Some Problems of Geodynamics won for him the Adams prize in 1911 when he developed a mathematical model of surface waves known as Love waves. Love also contributed to the theory of tidal locking and introduced the parameters known as Love numbers, which are widely used today. These numbers are also used in problems related to the tidal deformation of the Earth due to the gravitational attraction of the Moon and Sun.

  66. Armand Borel

    Photo
    Armand Borel
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1923-2003 (aged 80)
    Occupations
    mathematiciantopologistuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Armand Borel was a Swiss mathematician, born in La Chaux-de-Fonds, and was a permanent professor at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, United States from 1957 to 1993. He worked in algebraic topology, in the theory of Lie groups, and was one of the creators of the contemporary theory of linear algebraic groups.

  67. Boris Pavlovich Belousov

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    Boris Pavlovich Belousov
    Born in
    Russia Flag Russia
    Years
    1893-1970 (aged 77)
    Occupations
    chemistphysicistbiophysicist
    Biography

    Boris Pavlovich Belousov was a Soviet chemist and biophysicist who discovered the Belousov–Zhabotinsky reaction (BZ reaction) in the early 1950s. His work initiated the field of modern nonlinear chemical dynamics.

  68. Martin Vetterli

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    Martin Vetterli
    Years
    1957-.. (age 64)
    Occupations
    engineercomputer scientistprofessorresearcher
    Biography

    Martin Vetterli is the current president of École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) in Switzerland, succeeding Patrick Aebischer. He's a professor of engineering and was formerly the president of the National Research Council of the Swiss National Science Foundation.

  69. Gion A. Caminada

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    Gion A. Caminada
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1957-.. (age 64)
    Occupations
    architectuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Gion Antoni Caminada is a Swiss architect and professor of architecture at the ETH Zurich. He is known for his works in and around the Swiss village of Vrin, including the Stiva da morts mortuary. Many of Caminada's projects are built of wood in a minimalist style mixing modern design with traditional Swiss methods and materials.

  70. Bastien Girod

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    Bastien Girod
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1980-.. (age 41)
    Occupations
    politician
    Biography

    Bastien Girod is a Swiss politician, sustainability researcher, corporate and industry advisor.

  71. Walther Ritz

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    Walther Ritz
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1878-1909 (aged 31)
    Occupations
    physicistmathematician
    Biography

    Walther Heinrich Wilhelm Ritz was a Swiss theoretical physicist. He is most famous for his work with Johannes Rydberg on the Rydberg–Ritz combination principle. Ritz is also known for the variational method named after him, the Ritz method.

  72. Michael Heidelberger

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    Michael Heidelberger
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1888-1991 (aged 103)
    Occupations
    chemistimmunologistuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Michael Heidelberger was an American immunologist. He and Oswald Avery showed that the polysaccharides of pneumococcus are antigens, enabling him to show that antibodies are proteins. He spent most his early career at Columbia University and comparable time in his later years on the faculty of New York University. In 1934 and 1936 he received the Guggenheim Fellowship. In 1967 he received the National Medal of Science, and then he earned the Lasker Award for basic medical research in 1953 and again in 1978. His papers are held at the National Library of Medicine in Bethesda, Maryland.

  73. Pierre Weiss

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    Pierre Weiss
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1865-1940 (aged 75)
    Occupations
    physicistuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Pierre-Ernest Weiss was a French physicist specialized in magnetism. He developed the domain theory of ferromagnetism in 1907. Weiss domains and the Weiss magneton are named after him. Weiss also developed the molecular or mean field theory, which is often called Weiss-mean-field theory, that lead to the discovery of the Curie-Weiss law. Alongside Auguste Picard, Pierre Weiss is considered one of the first discoverers of the magnetocaloric effect in 1917.

  74. Jean-Louis Jeanmaire

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    Jean-Louis Jeanmaire
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1910-1992 (aged 82)
    Occupations
    university teachermilitary officer
    Biography

    Jean-Louis Jeanmaire was a brigadier in the Swiss army who passed highly classified Swiss military secrets to the Soviet Union from 1962 up until his retirement at 65 in 1975.

  75. Costin Nenițescu

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    Costin Nenițescu
    Born in
    Romania Flag Romania
    Years
    1902-1970 (aged 68)
    Occupations
    chemistuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Costin D. Neniţescu in foreign scientific publication written as Nenitzescu was a prominent Romanian chemist, and a professor at the Polytechnic University of Bucharest. He was a member of the Romanian Academy, a corresponding member of the German Academy of Sciences in Berlin, and a member of the Leopoldina Academy of Natural Scientists in Halle-Saale.

  76. Léonie Geisendorf

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    Léonie Geisendorf
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1914-2016 (aged 102)
    Occupations
    architect
    Biography

    Léonie Geisendorf, née Kaplan, was a Polish-born, Swedish architect. She lived most of her professional life in Stockholm, Sweden. At the time of her death, she was living in Paris, France.

  77. Arthur Stoll

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    Arthur Stoll
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1887-1971 (aged 84)
    Occupations
    biochemistchemistuniversity teacherart collector
    Biography

    Arthur Stoll was a Swiss biochemist.

  78. Jack Günthard

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    Jack Günthard
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1920-2016 (aged 96)
    Enrolled in Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich
    Studied sports science
    Occupations
    artistic gymnast
    Biography

    Jakob "Jack" Günthard was a Swiss artistic gymnast. He competed at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, where he won the gold medal in the horizontal bar, and the silver medal in the team combined exercises. Günthard died in August 2016 at the age of 96.

  79. Hans Hilfiker

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    Hans Hilfiker
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1901-1993 (aged 92)
    Occupations
    engineerdesignerwatchmaker
    Biography

    Hans Hilfiker was a Swiss engineer and designer. In 1944, working for the Swiss Federal Railways, he designed the Swiss railway clock, which became an international icon. The SBB clock was not the only contribution by Hilfiker to modern living. He developed the concept of the fitted kitchen and was responsible for the standard Swiss dimensions for kitchen components.

  80. Heinz Isler

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    Heinz Isler
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1926-2009 (aged 83)
    Occupations
    civil engineerengineerstructural engineer
    Biography

    Heinz Isler was a Swiss structural engineer. He is famous for his thin concrete shells.

  81. Alfred Ilg

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    Alfred Ilg
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1854-1916 (aged 62)
    Occupations
    engineerpoliticianrailway engineer
    Biography

    Alfred Ilg was a Swiss engineer and a confidant to Ethiopian Emperor Menelik II. He was born in Frauenfeld, Switzerland.

  82. Rudolf Wolf

    Photo
    Rudolf Wolf
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1816-1893 (aged 77)
    Occupations
    astronomermathematician
    Biography

    Johann Rudolf Wolf was a Swiss astronomer and mathematician best known for his research on sunspots.

  83. Karl Moser

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    Karl Moser
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1860-1936 (aged 76)
    Occupations
    architect
    Biography

    Karl Moser was an architect from Switzerland.

  84. Leon Marchlewski

    Photo
    Leon Marchlewski
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1869-1946 (aged 77)
    Occupations
    chemistbiochemistuniversity teachernon-fiction writer
    Biography

    Leon Paweł Teodor Marchlewski was a Polish chemist and an Honorary Member of the Polish Chemical Society.

  85. Martin Bäumle

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    Martin Bäumle
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1964-.. (age 57)
    Occupations
    politician
    Biography

    Martin Bäumle MP is a Swiss scientist and politician. He has been a member of the National Council since 2003. Originally a member of the Green Party of Switzerland, he founded the Green Liberal Party of the Canton of Zürich in 2004 and the national party in 2007. He was the first president of the national Green Liberal Party from 2007 to 2017.

  86. Hans von Halban

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    Hans von Halban
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1908-1964 (aged 56)
    Occupations
    physicistnuclear physicist
    Biography

    Hans Heinrich von Halban was a French physicist, of Austrian-Jewish descent.

  87. Vasyl Nahirnyi

    Photo
    Vasyl Nahirnyi
    Born in
    Ukraine Flag Ukraine
    Years
    1848-1921 (aged 73)
    Occupations
    architect
    Biography

    Vasyl Nahirny was an important Ukrainian architect, social activist and public figure; one of the founders of the Ukrainian cooperative movement.

  88. Hans Rudolf Herren

    Photo
    Hans Rudolf Herren
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1947-.. (age 74)
    Occupations
    entomologistfarmer
    Biography

    Hans Rudolf Herren is a Swiss entomologist, farmer and development specialist. He was the first Swiss to receive the 1995 World Food Prize and the 2013 Right Livelihood Award for leading a major biological pest management campaign in Africa, successfully fighting the Cassava mealybug and averting a major food crisis that could have claimed an estimated 20 million lives.

  89. Paul Wild

    Photo
    Paul Wild
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1925-2014 (aged 89)
    Occupations
    astronomeruniversity teacher
    Biography

    Paul Wild was a Swiss astronomer and director of the Astronomical Institute of the University of Bern, who discovered numerous comets, asteroids and supernovae.

  90. Jürg Fröhlich

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    Jürg Fröhlich
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1946-.. (age 75)
    Occupations
    physicistuniversity teachertheoretical physicist
    Biography

    Jürg Martin Fröhlich is a Swiss mathematician and theoretical physicist. In 2020, he was honoured as an international member of the National Academy of Sciences.

  91. Martin Gutzwiller

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    Martin Gutzwiller
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1925-2014 (aged 89)
    Occupations
    physicist
    Biography

    Martin Charles Gutzwiller was a Swiss-American physicist, known for his work on field theory, quantum chaos, and complex systems. He spent most of his career at IBM Research, and was also an adjunct professor of physics at Yale University.

  92. Eduard Stiefel

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    Eduard Stiefel
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1909-1978 (aged 69)
    Occupations
    mathematicianuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Eduard L. Stiefel was a Swiss mathematician. Together with Cornelius Lanczos and Magnus Hestenes, he invented the conjugate gradient method, and gave what is now understood to be a partial construction of the Stiefel–Whitney classes of a real vector bundle, thus co-founding the study of characteristic classes.

  93. Eugenio Carmi

    Photo
    Eugenio Carmi
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1920-2016 (aged 96)
    Occupations
    paintersculptorprintmaker
    Biography

    Eugenio Carmi was an Italian painter and sculptor. He is considered to have been one of the main exponents of abstractionism in Italy.

  94. Peter J. Huber

    Photo
    Peter J. Huber
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1934-.. (age 87)
    Occupations
    mathematicianuniversity teacherstatistician
    Biography

    Peter Jost Huber is a Swiss statistician. He is known for his contributions to the development of heteroscedasticity-consistent standard errors.

  95. Amos de-Shalit

    Photo
    Amos de-Shalit
    Born in
    Israel Flag Israel
    Years
    1926-1969 (aged 43)
    Occupations
    physicistuniversity teachernuclear physicist
    Biography

    Amos de-Shalit was an Israeli nuclear physicist and Israel Prize laureate.

  96. Hermann Müller

    Photo
    Hermann Müller
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1850-1927 (aged 77)
    Enrolled in Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich
    1870-1872 graduated with Diplom
    Occupations
    botanistmycologistnaturalist
    Biography

    Hermann Müller, was a Swiss botanist, plant physiologist, oenologist and grape breeder. He called himself Müller-Thurgau, taking the name of his home canton.

  97. Emin Halid Onat

    Photo
    Emin Halid Onat
    Born in
    Turkey Flag Turkey
    Years
    1908-1961 (aged 53)
    Occupations
    politicianarchitect
    Biography

    Emin Halid Onat was a Turkish architect and former rector of Istanbul Technical University.

  98. Mark Jarzombek

    Photo
    Mark Jarzombek
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1954-.. (age 67)
    Occupations
    historianwriter
    Biography

    Mark Jarzombek is a United States-born architectural historian, author and critic. Since 1995 he has taught and served within the History Theory Criticism Section of the Department of Architecture at MIT School of Architecture and Planning, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.

  99. Friedrich von Hefner-Alteneck

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    Friedrich von Hefner-Alteneck
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1845-1904 (aged 59)
    Occupations
    engineerphysicist
    Biography

    Friedrich Heinrich Philipp Franz von Hefner-Alteneck was a German electrical engineer and one of the closest aides of Werner von Siemens. He is largely remembered for the invention of the Hefner lamp, which provided the measure of luminous intensity used in Germany, Austria and Scandinavia from 1890 to 1942. The measure was called the Hefnerkerze (HK). The Hefnerkerze was superseded in the 1940s by the modern SI unit, the candela.

  100. Thomas F. Stocker

    Photo
    Thomas F. Stocker
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1959-.. (age 62)
    Occupations
    physicistuniversity teacherclimatologist
    Biography

    Thomas F. Stocker is a Swiss climate scientist.