100 Notable alumni of
University of Padua

The University of Padua is 155th in the world, 47th in Europe, and 4th in Italy by aggregated alumni prominence. Below is the list of 100 notable alumni from the University of Padua sorted by their wiki pages popularity. The directory includes famous graduates and former students along with research and academic staff.

  1. Nicolaus Copernicus

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    Nicolaus Copernicus
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1473-1543 (aged 70)
    Enrolled in the University of Padua
    Studied in 1501-1503
    Occupations
    astronomerjuristeconomistmathematicianlegal scholar
    Biography

    Nicolaus Copernicus was a Renaissance polymath, active as a mathematician, astronomer, and Catholic canon, who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than Earth at its center. In all likelihood, Copernicus developed his model independently of Aristarchus of Samos, an ancient Greek astronomer who had formulated such a model some eighteen centuries earlier.

  2. Giacomo Casanova

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    Giacomo Casanova
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1725-1798 (aged 73)
    Enrolled in the University of Padua
    In 1742 graduated with Doctor of both laws
    Occupations
    translatorpoetlibrarianbankernovelist
    Biography

    Giacomo Girolamo Casanova was an Italian adventurer and author from the Republic of Venice. His autobiography, Histoire de ma vie (Story of My Life), is regarded as one of the most authentic sources of the customs and norms of European social life during the 18th century.

  3. Andreas Vesalius

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    Andreas Vesalius
    Born in
    Belgium Flag Belgium
    Years
    1514-1564 (aged 50)
    Occupations
    anatomistbiologistphysiciansurgeonuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Andreas Vesalius was a 16th-century Flemish anatomist, physician, and author of one of the most influential books on human anatomy, De Humani Corporis Fabrica Libri Septem (On the Fabric of the Human Body). Vesalius is often referred to as the founder of modern human anatomy. He was born in Brussels, which was then part of the Habsburg Netherlands. He was a professor at the University of Padua (1537–1542) and later became Imperial physician at the court of Emperor Charles V.

  4. William Harvey

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    William Harvey
    Born in
    United Kingdom Flag United Kingdom
    Years
    1578-1657 (aged 79)
    Occupations
    biologistphysiciananatomistphysiologist
    Biography

    William Harvey was an English physician who made influential contributions in anatomy and physiology. He was the first known physician to describe completely, and in detail, the systemic circulation and properties of blood being pumped to the brain and the rest of the body by the heart, though earlier writers, such as Realdo Colombo, Michael Servetus, and Jacques Dubois, had provided precursors of the theory.

  5. Jan Kochanowski

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    Jan Kochanowski
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1530-1584 (aged 54)
    Enrolled in the University of Padua
    Studied in 1552-1555
    Occupations
    poetwritertranslatorplaywright
    Biography

    Jan Kochanowski was a Polish Renaissance poet who established poetic patterns that would become integral to the Polish literary language. He is commonly regarded as the greatest Polish poet before Adam Mickiewicz.

  6. Leon Battista Alberti

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    Leon Battista Alberti
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1404-1472 (aged 68)
    Occupations
    philosopherlinguistcryptographerpoetarchitect
    Biography

    Leon Battista Alberti was an Italian Renaissance humanist author, artist, architect, poet, priest, linguist, philosopher, and cryptographer; he epitomised the Renaissance Man.

  7. Albertus Magnus

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    Albertus Magnus
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1193-1280 (aged 87)
    Occupations
    chemistdominican friarmusicologistphilosopherwriter
    Biography

    Albertus Magnus, also known as Saint Albert the Great or Albert of Cologne, was a German Catholic Dominican friar, philosopher and bishop. Later canonised as a Catholic saint, he was known during his lifetime as Doctor universalis and Doctor expertus and, late in his life, the sobriquet Magnus was appended to his name. Scholars such as James A. Weisheipl and Joachim R. Söder have referred to him as the greatest German philosopher and theologian of the Middle Ages. The Catholic Church distinguishes him as one of the 36 Doctors of the Church.

  8. Stephen Báthory

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    Stephen Báthory
    Born in
    Romania Flag Romania
    Years
    1533-1586 (aged 53)
    Occupations
    politician
    Biography

    Stephen Báthory was Voivode of Transylvania (1571–1576), Prince of Transylvania (1576–1586), King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1576–1586).

  9. Ugo Foscolo

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    Ugo Foscolo
    Born in
    Greece Flag Greece
    Years
    1778-1827 (aged 49)
    Occupations
    poetwriterplaywrighttranslatorliterary critic
    Biography

    Ugo Foscolo, born Niccolò Foscolo, was an Italian writer, revolutionary and a poet.

  10. Giovanni Pico della Mirandola

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    Giovanni Pico della Mirandola
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1463-1494 (aged 31)
    Occupations
    philosopher
    Biography

    Giovanni Pico della Mirandola was an Italian Renaissance nobleman and philosopher. He is famed for the events of 1486, when, at the age of 23, he proposed to defend 900 theses on religion, philosophy, natural philosophy, and magic against all comers, for which he wrote the Oration on the Dignity of Man, which has been called the "Manifesto of the Renaissance", and a key text of Renaissance humanism and of what has been called the "Hermetic Reformation". He was the founder of the tradition of Christian Kabbalah, a key tenet of early modern Western esotericism. The 900 Theses was the first printed book to be universally banned by the Church.

  11. Carlo Goldoni

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    Carlo Goldoni
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1707-1793 (aged 86)
    Occupations
    playwrightwriterlibrettistscreenwritertranslator
    Biography

    Carlo Osvaldo Goldoni was an Italian playwright and librettist from the Republic of Venice. His works include some of Italy's most famous and best-loved plays. Audiences have admired the plays of Goldoni for their ingenious mix of wit and honesty. His plays offered his contemporaries images of themselves, often dramatizing the lives, values, and conflicts of the emerging middle classes. Though he wrote in French and Italian, his plays make rich use of the Venetian language, regional vernacular, and colloquialisms. Goldoni also wrote under the pen name and title Polisseno Fegeio, Pastor Arcade, which he claimed in his memoirs the "Arcadians of Rome" bestowed on him.

  12. Francis de Sales

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    Francis de Sales
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1567-1622 (aged 55)
    Occupations
    theologianwriterCatholic priest
    Biography

    Francis de Sales was a Bishop of Geneva and is honored as a saint in the Catholic Church. He became noted for his deep faith and his gentle approach to the religious divisions in his land resulting from the Protestant Reformation. He is known also for his writings on the topic of spiritual direction and spiritual formation, particularly the Introduction to the Devout Life and the Treatise on the Love of God.

  13. Nicholas of Cusa

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    Nicholas of Cusa
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1401-1464 (aged 63)
    Enrolled in the University of Padua
    Studied in 1423
    Occupations
    mathematicianastronomerdiplomatphilosopherwriter
    Biography

    Nicholas of Cusa, also referred to as Nicholas of Kues and Nicolaus Cusanus, was a German philosopher, theologian, jurist, mathematician and astronomer. One of the first German proponents of Renaissance humanism, he made spiritual and political contributions in European history. A notable example of this is his mystical or spiritual writings on "learned ignorance," as well as his participation in power struggles between Rome and the German states of the Holy Roman Empire.

  14. Torquato Tasso

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    Torquato Tasso
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1544-1595 (aged 51)
    Occupations
    poetwriterplaywrightauthor
    Biography

    Torquato Tasso was an Italian poet of the 16th century, known for his 1591 poem Gerusalemme liberata (Jerusalem Delivered), in which he depicts a highly imaginative version of the combats between Christians and Muslims at the end of the First Crusade, during the Siege of Jerusalem of 1099.

  15. John of Nepomuk

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    John of Nepomuk
    Born in
    Czech Republic Flag Czech Republic
    Years
    1350-1393 (aged 43)
    Occupations
    Catholic priest
    Biography

    John of Nepomuk is the saint of Bohemia (Czech Republic) who was drowned in the Vltava river at the behest of Wenceslaus IV of Bohemia. Later accounts state that he was the confessor of the queen of Bohemia and refused to divulge the secrets of the confessional. On the basis of this account, John of Nepomuk is considered the first martyr of the Seal of the Confessional, a patron against calumnies and, because of the manner of his death, a protector from floods and drowning.

  16. Innocent VIII

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    Innocent VIII
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1432-1492 (aged 60)
    Occupations
    clericCatholic priest
    Biography

    Pope Innocent VIII, born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 29 August 1484 to his death. Son of the viceroy of Naples, Battista spent his early years at the Neapolitan court. He became a priest in the retinue of Cardinal Calandrini, half-brother to Pope Nicholas V (1447–55), Bishop of Savona under Pope Paul II, and with the support of Cardinal Giuliano Della Rovere. After intense politicking by Della Rovere, Cibo was elected pope in 1484. King Ferdinand I of Naples had supported Cybo's competitor, Rodrigo Borgia. The following year, Pope Innocent supported the barons in their failed revolt.

  17. Ioannis Kapodistrias

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    Ioannis Kapodistrias
    Born in
    Greece Flag Greece
    Years
    1776-1831 (aged 55)
    Occupations
    politiciandiplomatphysician
    Biography

    Count Ioannis Antonios Kapodistrias, sometimes anglicized as John Capodistrias (Greek: Κόμης Ιωάννης Αντώνιος Καποδίστριας, romanized: Komis Ioannis Antonios Kapodistrias; Russian: граф Иоанн Каподистрия, romanized: Graf Ioann Kapodistriya; Italian: Giovanni Antonio Capodistria, Conte Capo d'Istria), was a Greek statesman who served as the Foreign Minister of the Russian Empire and was one of the most distinguished politicians and diplomats of Europe. After a long and distinguished career in European politics and diplomacy he was elected as the first head of state of independent Greece (1827–31). He is considered the founder of the modern Greek state, and the architect of Greek independence.

  18. Gerolamo Cardano

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    Gerolamo Cardano
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1501-1576 (aged 75)
    Occupations
    philosophermathematicianastronomerinventormedic
    Biography

    Gerolamo Cardano (Italian: [dʒeˈrɔlamo karˈdano]; French: Jérôme Cardan; Latin: Hieronymus Cardanus; 24 September 1501 (O. S.)– 21 September 1576 (O. S.)) was an Italian polymath, whose interests and proficiencies ranged through those of mathematician, physician, biologist, physicist, chemist, astrologer, astronomer, philosopher, writer, and gambler. He was one of the most influential mathematicians of the Renaissance, and was one of the key figures in the foundation of probability and the earliest introducer of the binomial coefficients and the binomial theorem in the Western world. He wrote more than 200 works on science.

  19. Tommaso Campanella

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    Tommaso Campanella
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1568-1639 (aged 71)
    Occupations
    philosopherwriterpoetastrologerscience fiction writer
    Biography

    Tommaso Campanella, baptized Giovanni Domenico Campanella, was an Italian Dominican friar, philosopher, theologian, astrologer, and poet.

  20. Reginald Pole

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    Reginald Pole
    Born in
    United Kingdom Flag United Kingdom
    Years
    1500-1558 (aged 58)
    Occupations
    diplomatCatholic priestcatholic deacon
    Biography

    Reginald Pole was an English cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and the last Roman Catholic archbishop of Canterbury, holding the office from 1556 to 1558, during the Counter-Reformation.

  21. Elena Cornaro Piscopia

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    Elena Cornaro Piscopia
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1646-1684 (aged 38)
    Occupations
    mathematicianphilosopher
    Biography

    Elena Lucrezia Cornaro Piscopia or Elena Lucrezia Corner (Italian: [korˈnɛr]; 5 June 1646 – 26 July 1684), also known in English as Helen Cornaro, was a Venetian philosopher of noble descent who in 1678 became one of the first women to receive an academic degree from a university, and the first to receive a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

  22. Massimo Cacciari

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    Massimo Cacciari
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1944-.. (age 77)
    Occupations
    philosopherpoliticianauthor
    Biography

    Massimo Cacciari is an Italian philosopher, politician and public intellectual.

  23. Giuseppe Tartini

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    Giuseppe Tartini
    Born in
    Slovenia Flag Slovenia
    Years
    1692-1770 (aged 78)
    Occupations
    composermusicologistmusic theoristviolinist
    Biography

    Giuseppe Tartini was an Italian Baroque composer and violinist born in the Republic of Venice.

  24. Clement VIII

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    Clement VIII
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1536-1605 (aged 69)
    Occupations
    diplomatclericCatholic priest
    Biography

    Pope Clement VIII, born Ippolito Aldobrandini, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 2 February 1592 to his death. Born in Fano, Italy to a prominent Florentine family, he initially came to prominence as a canon lawyer before being made a Cardinal-Priest in 1585. In 1592 he was elected Pope and took the name of Clement. During his papacy he effected the reconciliation of Henry IV of France to the Catholic faith and was instrumental in setting up an alliance of Christian nations to oppose the Ottoman Empire in the so-called Long War. He also successfully adjudicated in a bitter dispute between the Dominicans and the Jesuits on the issue of efficacious grace and free will. In 1600 he presided over a jubilee which saw many pilgrimages to Rome. He had little pity for his opponents, presiding over the trial and execution of Giordano Bruno and implementing strict measures against Jewish residents of the Papal States. He may have been the first pope to drink coffee. Clement VIII died at the age of 69 in 1605 and his remains now rest in the Rome city church of Saint Mary Major.

  25. David Parenzo

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    David Parenzo
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1976-.. (age 45)
    Occupations
    journalistradio personalitytelevision presenter
    Biography

    David Parenzo is an Italian journalist, radio and television presenter. He is mostly known for being host, together with Giuseppe Cruciani, of the Italian radio show La Zanzara.

  26. Paul V

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    Paul V
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1552-1621 (aged 69)
    Occupations
    Roman Catholic priest
    Biography

    Pope Paul V, born Camillo Borghese, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 16 May 1605 to his death. In 1611, he honored Galileo Galilei as a member of the Papal Accademia dei Lincei and supported his discoveries. In 1616, Pope Paul V instructed Cardinal Bellarmine to inform Galileo that the Copernican theory could not be taught as fact, but Bellarmine's certificate allowed Galileo to continue his studies in search for evidence and use the geocentric model as a theoretical device. That same year Paul V assured Galileo that he was safe from persecution so long as he, the Pope, should live. Bellarmine's certificate was used by Galileo for his defense at the trial of 1633.

  27. Robert Bellarmine

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    Robert Bellarmine
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1542-1621 (aged 79)
    Occupations
    Jesuitwriterlibrarianuniversity teacherCatholic priest
    Biography

    Robert Bellarmine was an Italian Jesuit and a cardinal of the Catholic Church. He was canonized a saint in 1930 and named Doctor of the Church, one of only 36. He was one of the most important figures in the Counter-Reformation.

  28. Pius IV

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    Pius IV
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1499-1565 (aged 66)
    Occupations
    clericCatholic priest
    Biography

    Pope Pius IV, born Giovanni Angelo Medici, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 25 December 1559 to his death in 1565. Born in Milan, his family considered itself a branch of the House of Medici and used the same coat of arms. Although modern historians have found no proof of this connection, the Medici of Florence recognized the claims of the Medici of Milan in the early 16th century.

  29. Carlo Rovelli

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    Carlo Rovelli
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1956-.. (age 65)
    Occupations
    physicistwriteruniversity teacher
    Biography

    Carlo Rovelli is an Italian theoretical physicist and writer who has worked in Italy, the United States and, since 2000, in France. He works mainly in the field of quantum gravity and is a founder of loop quantum gravity theory. He has also worked in the history and philosophy of science. He collaborates with several Italian newspapers, including the cultural supplements of the Corriere della Sera, Il Sole 24 Ore and La Repubblica.

  30. Francysk Skaryna

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    Francysk Skaryna
    Born in
    Belarus Flag Belarus
    Years
    1486-1541 (aged 55)
    Occupations
    philosopherwritertranslatorpublishertypographer
    Biography

    Francysk Skaryna was a Ruthenian humanist, physician, and translator. He is known to be one of the first book printers in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and in all of Eastern Europe, laying the groundwork for the development of the Belarusian izvod of the Church Slavonic language.

  31. Urban VII

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    Urban VII
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1521-1590 (aged 69)
    Occupations
    diplomatclericCatholic priestcatholic deacon
    Biography

    Pope Urban VII, born Giovanni Battista Castagna, was head of the Catholic Church, and ruler of the Papal States from 15 to 27 September 1590. His twelve-day papacy was the shortest in history.

  32. Johan van Oldenbarnevelt

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    Johan van Oldenbarnevelt
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1547-1619 (aged 72)
    Occupations
    politicianlawyerdiplomat
    Biography

    Johan van Oldenbarnevelt, Heer van Berkel en Rodenrijs (1600), Gunterstein (1611) and Bakkum (1613) (14 September 1547 – 13 May 1619) was a Dutch statesman who played an important role in the Dutch struggle for independence from Spain.

  33. Jan Zamoyski

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    Jan Zamoyski
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1542-1605 (aged 63)
    Occupations
    diplomatpolitician
    Biography

    Jan Sariusz Zamoyski was a Polish nobleman, magnate, and the 1st ordynat of Zamość. He served as the Royal Secretary from 1565, Deputy Chancellor from 1576, Grand Chancellor of the Crown from 1578, and Great Hetman of the Crown from 1581.

  34. Clement XIII

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    Clement XIII
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1693-1769 (aged 76)
    Occupations
    clericCatholic priest
    Biography

    Pope Clement XIII, born Carlo della Torre di Rezzonico, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 6 July 1758 to his death in 1769. He was installed on 16 July 1758.

  35. Franco Basaglia

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    Franco Basaglia
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1924-1980 (aged 56)
    Occupations
    psychiatristneurologistanthropologistexistential therapist
    Biography

    Franco Basaglia was an Italian psychiatrist, neurologist, professor who proposed the dismantling of psychiatric hospitals, pioneer of the modern concept of mental health, Italian psychiatry reformer, figurehead and founder of Democratic Psychiatry architect, and principal proponent of Law 180 which abolished mental hospitals in Italy. He is considered to be the most influential Italian psychiatrist of the 20th century.

  36. Pietro Bembo

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    Pietro Bembo
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1470-1547 (aged 77)
    Occupations
    writerpoetlibrarianhistoriantranslator
    Biography

    Pietro Bembo, O.S.I.H. was an Italian scholar, poet, and literary theorist who also was a member of the Knights Hospitaller, and a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. As an intellectual of the Italian Renaissance (15th–16th c.), Pietro Bembo greatly influenced the development of the Tuscan dialect as a literary language for poetry and prose, which, by later codification into a standard language, became the modern Italian language. In the 16th century, Bembo's poetry, essays, books proved basic to reviving interest in the literary works of Petrarch. In the field of music, Bembo's literary writing techniques helped composers develop the techniques of musical composition that made the madrigal the most important secular music of 16th-century Italy.

  37. Federico Faggin

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    Federico Faggin
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1941-.. (age 80)
    Occupations
    physicistinventorcomputer scientistelectrical engineerbusinessperson
    Biography

    Federico Faggin is an Italian-American physicist, engineer, inventor and entrepreneur. He is best known for designing the first commercial microprocessor, the Intel 4004. He led the 4004 (MCS-4) project and the design group during the first five years of Intel's microprocessor effort. Faggin also created, while working at Fairchild Semiconductor in 1968, the self-aligned MOS (metal–oxide–semiconductor) silicon-gate technology (SGT), which made possible MOS semiconductor memory chips, CCD image sensors, and the microprocessor. After the 4004, he led development of the Intel 8008 and 8080, using his SGT methodology for random logic chip design, which was essential to the creation of early Intel microprocessors. He was co-founder (with Ralph Ungermann) and CEO of Zilog, the first company solely dedicated to microprocessors, and led the development of the Zilog Z80 and Z8 processors. He was later the co-founder and CEO of Cygnet Technologies, and then Synaptics.

  38. Francesco Guicciardini

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    Francesco Guicciardini
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1483-1540 (aged 57)
    Occupations
    historianpoliticianwriterdiplomatphilosopher
    Biography

    Francesco Guicciardini was an Italian historian and statesman. A friend and critic of Niccolò Machiavelli, he is considered one of the major political writers of the Italian Renaissance. In his masterpiece, The History of Italy, Guicciardini paved the way for a new style in historiography with his use of government sources to support arguments and the realistic analysis of the people and events of his time.

  39. Alexander VIII

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    Alexander VIII
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1610-1691 (aged 81)
    Occupations
    Catholic priest
    Biography

    Pope Alexander VIII, born Pietro Vito Ottoboni, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 6 October 1689 to his death in 1691. He is to date the last pope to take the pontifical name of "Alexander" upon his election to the papacy.

  40. Georgius Agricola

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    Georgius Agricola
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1494-1555 (aged 61)
    Occupations
    physicianmineralogisthistorianengineerchemist
    Biography

    Georgius Agricola was a German Humanist scholar, mineralogist and metallurgist. Born in the small town of Glauchau, in the Electorate of Saxony of the Holy Roman Empire, he was broadly educated, but took a particular interest in the mining and refining of metals.

  41. Renato Brunetta

    Photo
    Renato Brunetta
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1950-.. (age 71)
    Enrolled in the University of Padua
    Studied political studies
    Occupations
    economistpoliticianprofessorjournalist
    Biography

    Renato Brunetta is an Italian economist and politician who was minister for public administration and innovation from May 2008 to November 2011 in the Berlusconi government. He is currently the head of Forza Italia's group of deputies in the Chamber of Deputies. He is currently serving as minister of Public Administration in the Draghi government.

  42. Gregory XIV

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    Gregory XIV
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1535-1591 (aged 56)
    Occupations
    politicianclericCatholic priest
    Biography

    Pope Gregory XIV, born Niccolò Sfondrato or Sfondrati, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 5 December 1590 to his death in 1591.

  43. Gianni De Michelis

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    Gianni De Michelis
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1940-2019 (aged 79)
    Occupations
    politicianchemistdiplomat
    Biography

    Gianni De Michelis was an Italian politician, prominent member of the Italian Socialist Party (PSI), who served as minister in many Italian governments in the 1980s and early 1990s.

  44. Alessandro Valignano

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    Alessandro Valignano
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1539-1606 (aged 67)
    Occupations
    missionarywriter
    Biography

    Alessandro Valignano, sometimes Valignani was an Italian Jesuit priest and missionary born in Chieti, part of the Kingdom of Naples, who helped supervise the introduction of Catholicism to the Far East, and especially to Japan and China. Jesuit historian Thomas J. Campbell called him "the greatest man of the missions in the East after Francis Xavier."

  45. Marsilius of Padua

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    Marsilius of Padua
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1275-1342 (aged 67)
    Occupations
    philosopherpoliticianwriteruniversity teacher
    Biography

    Marsilius of Padua was an Italian scholar, trained in medicine, who practiced a variety of professions. He was also an important 14th-century political figure. His political treatise Defensor pacis (The Defender of Peace), an attempt to refute papalist claims to a "plenitude of power" in affairs of both church and state, is seen by some authorities as the most revolutionary political treatise written in the later Middle Ages. It is one of the first examples of a trenchant critique of caesaropapism in Western Europe.

  46. Girolamo Fracastoro

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    Girolamo Fracastoro
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1478-1553 (aged 75)
    Occupations
    physician writerpoetepidemiologistphysicistmathematician
    Biography

    Girolamo Fracastoro was an Italian physician, poet, and scholar in mathematics, geography and astronomy. Fracastoro subscribed to the philosophy of atomism, and rejected appeals to hidden causes in scientific investigation. His studies of the mode of syphilis transmission are an early example of epidemiology.

  47. Edoardo Stoppa

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    Edoardo Stoppa
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1969-.. (age 52)
    Occupations
    television presenter
    Biography

    Edoardo Stoppa is an Italian television personality.

  48. Arno Kompatscher

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    Arno Kompatscher
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1971-.. (age 50)
    Occupations
    politicianjurist
    Biography

    Arno Kompatscher is an Italian politician, governor of South Tyrol and from 15 June 2016 president of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.

  49. Paolo dal Pozzo Toscanelli

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    Paolo dal Pozzo Toscanelli
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1397-1482 (aged 85)
    Occupations
    astronomermathematicianlibrarianarchitectphysician
    Biography

    Paolo dal Pozzo Toscanelli was an Italian mathematician, astronomer, and cosmographer.

  50. Janus Pannonius

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    Janus Pannonius
    Born in
    Croatia Flag Croatia
    Years
    1434-1472 (aged 38)
    Enrolled in the University of Padua
    In 1458 studied canon law
    Occupations
    poetwriterCatholic priestjudgediplomat
    Biography

    Janus Pannonius was a Croat-Hungarian Latinist, poet, diplomat and Bishop of Pécs. He was the most significant poet of the Renaissance in the Kingdom of Hungary and one of the better-known figures of Humanist poetry in Europe.

  51. Mariano Rumor

    Photo
    Mariano Rumor
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1915-1990 (aged 75)
    Occupations
    politiciandiplomat
    Biography

    Mariano Rumor was an Italian politician and statesman. A member of the Christian Democracy (DC), he served as the 39th Prime Minister of Italy from December 1968 to August 1970 and again from July 1973 to November 1974. As Prime Minister, he led five different governments, supported by various coalitions.

  52. Lorenzo Fontana

    Photo
    Lorenzo Fontana
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1980-.. (age 41)
    Occupations
    politician
    Biography

    Lorenzo Fontana is an Italian politician, member of Lega Nord. He served as Minister of European Affairs in the government of Giuseppe Conte. He previously served as Minister of Family and Disability from 1 June 2018 to 10 July 2019 and as Vice-President of the Chamber of Deputies from 29 March to 1 June 2018. He is also the Deputy Federal Secretary of the Lega, under the leadership of Matteo Salvini.

  53. Ippolito Nievo

    Photo
    Ippolito Nievo
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1831-1861 (aged 30)
    Occupations
    writerjournalistscience fiction writerpoet
    Biography

    Ippolito Nievo was an Italian writer, journalist and patriot. His Confessions of an Italian is widely considered the most important novel about the Italian Risorgimento.

  54. Gabriele Falloppio

    Photo
    Gabriele Falloppio
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1523-1562 (aged 39)
    Occupations
    surgeonuniversity teacherphysiciananatomistbotanist
    Biography

    Gabriele Falloppio was an Italian Catholic priest and anatomist often known by his Latin name Fallopius. He was one of the most important anatomists and physicians of the sixteenth century, giving his name to the Fallopian tube.

  55. Marko Marulić

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    Marko Marulić
    Born in
    Croatia Flag Croatia
    Years
    1450-1524 (aged 74)
    Occupations
    poetwriter
    Biography

    Marko Marulić Splićanin, in Latin Marcus Marulus Spalatensis (18 August 1450 – 5 January 1524), was a Croatian poet, lawyer, judge, and Renaissance humanist who coined the term "psychology". According to George J. Gutsche, Marulic's epic poem Judita, "is the first long poem in Croatian", and, "gives Marulić a position in his own literature comparable to Dante in Italian literature."

  56. Fausto Veranzio

    Photo
    Fausto Veranzio
    Born in
    Croatia Flag Croatia
    Years
    1551-1617 (aged 66)
    Occupations
    lexicographerlinguistdiplomatengineerarchitect
    Biography

    Fausto Veranzio was a polymath and bishop from Šibenik, then part of the Venetian Republic.

  57. Giuseppe Sinopoli

    Photo
    Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1946-2001 (aged 55)
    Occupations
    conductorcomposer
    Biography

    Giuseppe Sinopoli was an Italian conductor and composer.

  58. Alexandros Mavrokordatos

    Photo
    Alexandros Mavrokordatos
    Years
    1791-1865 (aged 74)
    Occupations
    politiciandiplomat
    Biography

    Alexandros Mavrokordatos was a Greek statesman, diplomat, politician and member of the Mavrocordatos family of Phanariotes.

  59. Vittorino da Feltre

    Photo
    Vittorino da Feltre
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1378-1446 (aged 68)
    Occupations
    educatorRenaissance humanistteacherphilosopher
    Biography

    Vittorino da Feltre was an Italian humanist and teacher. He was born in Feltre, Belluno, Republic of Venice and died in Mantua. His real name was Vittorino Rambaldoni. It was in Vittorino that the Renaissance idea of the complete man, or l'uomo universale — health of body, strength of character, wealth of mind — reached its first formulation.

  60. Giancarlo Galan

    Photo
    Giancarlo Galan
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1956-.. (age 65)
    Occupations
    politician
    Biography

    Giancarlo Galan is an Italian politician.

  61. Antonio Rosmini-Serbati

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    Antonio Rosmini-Serbati
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1797-1855 (aged 58)
    Occupations
    philosopherpriest
    Biography

    Blessed Antonio Francesco Davide Ambrogio Rosmini-Serbati was an Italian Roman Catholic priest and philosopher. He founded the Rosminians, officially the Institute of Charity or Societas a charitate nuncupata, pioneered the concept of social justice, and was a key figure in Italian Liberal Catholicism. Alessandro Manzoni considered Rosmini the only contemporary Italian author worth reading.

  62. Paolo Sarpi

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    Paolo Sarpi
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1552-1623 (aged 71)
    Occupations
    philosopherhistorianwriterastronomerreligious
    Biography

    Paolo Sarpi was a Venetian historian, prelate, scientist, canon lawyer, and statesman active on behalf of the Venetian Republic during the period of its successful defiance of the papal interdict (1605–1607) and its war (1615–1617) with Austria over the Uskok pirates. His writings, frankly polemical and highly critical of the Catholic Church and its Scholastic tradition, "inspired both Hobbes and Edward Gibbon in their own historical debunkings of priestcraft." Sarpi's major work, the History of the Council of Trent (1619), was published in London in 1619; other works: a History of Ecclesiastical Benefices, History of the Interdict and his Supplement to the History of the Uskoks, appeared posthumously. Organized around single topics, they are early examples of the genre of the historical monograph.

  63. Jan Jesenius

    Photo
    Jan Jesenius
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1566-1621 (aged 55)
    Occupations
    politicianphilosopherphysicianpedagoguewriter
    Biography

    Jan Jesenius, also written as Jessenius, was a Bohemian physician, politician and philosopher.

  64. Bernardino Telesio

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    Bernardino Telesio
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1507-1588 (aged 81)
    Occupations
    philosophernaturalist
    Biography

    Bernardino Telesio was an Italian philosopher and natural scientist. While his natural theories were later disproven, his emphasis on observation made him the "first of the moderns" who eventually developed the scientific method.

  65. Tullio Levi-Civita

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    Tullio Levi-Civita
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1873-1941 (aged 68)
    Occupations
    mathematicianphysicist
    Biography

    Tullio Levi-Civita, was an Italian mathematician, most famous for his work on absolute differential calculus (tensor calculus) and its applications to the theory of relativity, but who also made significant contributions in other areas. He was a pupil of Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro, the inventor of tensor calculus. His work included foundational papers in both pure and applied mathematics, celestial mechanics (notably on the three-body problem), analytic mechanics (the Levi-Civita separability conditions in the Hamilton–Jacobi equation) and hydrodynamics.

  66. Thomas Cajetan

    Photo
    Thomas Cajetan
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1469-1534 (aged 65)
    Occupations
    philosopherCatholic priestdominican friartheologian
    Biography

    Thomas Cajetan, also known as Gaetanus, commonly Tommaso de Vio or Thomas de Vio, was an Italian philosopher, theologian, cardinal (from 1517 until his death) and the Master of the Order of Preachers 1508 to 1518. He was a leading theologian of his day who is now best known as the spokesman for Catholic opposition to the teachings of Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation while he was the Pope's Legate in Augsburg, and perhaps also among Catholics for his extensive commentary on the Summa Theologica of Thomas Aquinas.

  67. Ulisse Aldrovandi

    Photo
    Ulisse Aldrovandi
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1522-1605 (aged 83)
    Occupations
    entomologistnaturalistbotanistornithologistzoologist
    Biography

    Ulisse Aldrovandi was an Italian naturalist, the moving force behind Bologna's botanical garden, one of the first in Europe. Carl Linnaeus and the comte de Buffon reckoned him the father of natural history studies. He is usually referred to, especially in older scientific literature in Latin, as Aldrovandus; his name in Italian is equally given as Aldroandi.

  68. Anna Kuliscioff

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    Anna Kuliscioff
    Born in
    Russia Flag Russia
    Years
    1857-1925 (aged 68)
    Occupations
    physicianjournalistpoliticianeditor
    Biography

    Anna Kuliscioff was a Jewish Russian revolutionary, a prominent feminist, an anarchist influenced by Mikhail Bakunin, and eventually a Marxist socialist militant. She was mainly active in Italy, where she was one of the first women to graduate in medicine.

  69. Daniele Manin

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    Daniele Manin
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1804-1857 (aged 53)
    Occupations
    politicianlawyermilitary personnel
    Biography

    Daniele Manin was an Italian patriot, statesman and leader of the Risorgimento in Venice. He is considered by many Italian historians a hero of the Italian unification.

  70. Niccolò Tommaseo

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    Niccolò Tommaseo
    Born in
    Croatia Flag Croatia
    Years
    1802-1874 (aged 72)
    Occupations
    linguistjournalistwriterpoliticianhistorian
    Biography

    Niccolò Tommaseo was an Italian linguist, journalist and essayist, the editor of a Dizionario della Lingua Italiana in eight volumes (1861–74), of a dictionary of synonyms (1830) and other works. He is considered a precursor of the Italian irredentism.

  71. James Gregory

    Photo
    James Gregory
    Born in
    United Kingdom Flag United Kingdom
    Years
    1638-1675 (aged 37)
    Occupations
    mathematicianastronomerinventoruniversity teacherwriter
    Biography

    James Gregory FRS was a Scottish mathematician and astronomer. His surname is sometimes spelled as Gregorie, the original Scottish spelling. He described an early practical design for the reflecting telescope – the Gregorian telescope – and made advances in trigonometry, discovering infinite series representations for several trigonometric functions.

  72. Beniamino Andreatta

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    Beniamino Andreatta
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1928-2007 (aged 79)
    Occupations
    economistpoliticiandiplomatuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Beniamino "Nino" Andreatta was an Italian economist and politician.

  73. Simon Marius

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    Simon Marius
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1573-1624 (aged 51)
    Occupations
    mathematicianastronomerphysician
    Biography

    Simon Marius was a German astronomer. He was born in Gunzenhausen, near Nuremberg, but spent most of his life in the city of Ansbach. He is most known for being among the first observers of the four largest moons of Jupiter, and his publication of his discovery led to charges of plagiarism.

  74. Sanctorius

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    Sanctorius
    Born in
    Slovenia Flag Slovenia
    Years
    1561-1636 (aged 75)
    Occupations
    physicianphysiologistinventor
    Biography

    Santorio Santori, also called Santorio Santorio, Sanctorio, Sanctorius of Padua and various combinations of these names, was an Italian physiologist, physician, and professor, who introduced the quantitative approach into the life sciences and is considered the father of modern quantitative experimentation in medicine. He is also known as the inventor of several medical devices. His work De Statica Medicina, written in 1614, saw many publications and influenced generations of physicians.

  75. Peter Martyr Vermigli

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    Peter Martyr Vermigli
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1499-1562 (aged 63)
    Occupations
    theologianuniversity teacherwriter
    Biography

    Peter Martyr Vermigli was an Italian-born Reformed theologian. His early work as a reformer in Catholic Italy and his decision to flee for Protestant northern Europe influenced many other Italians to convert and flee as well. In England, he influenced the Edwardian Reformation, including the Eucharistic service of the 1552 Book of Common Prayer. He was considered an authority on the Eucharist among the Reformed churches, and engaged in controversies on the subject by writing treatises. Vermigli's Loci Communes, a compilation of excerpts from his biblical commentaries organised by the topics of systematic theology, became a standard Reformed theological textbook.

  76. Pietro Pomponazzi

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    Pietro Pomponazzi
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1462-1525 (aged 63)
    Occupations
    philosopherprofessorwriter
    Biography

    Pietro Pomponazzi was an Italian philosopher. He is sometimes known by his Latin name, Petrus Pomponatius.

  77. Lawrence of Brindisi

    Photo
    Lawrence of Brindisi
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1559-1619 (aged 60)
    Occupations
    presbyterdiplomatfriar minor capuchinCatholic priest
    Biography

    Lawrence of Brindisi, born Giulio Cesare Russo, was a Roman Catholic priest and a theologian as well as a member of the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin. An accomplished linguist, in addition to his native Italian, Lawrence could read and speak Latin, Hebrew, Greek, German, Bohemian, Spanish, and French fluently. Lawrence was ordained a priest at the age of 23. Lawrence was beatified on 1 June 1783 and canonized as a saint on 8 December 1881.

  78. Giacomo Rizzolatti

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    Giacomo Rizzolatti
    Born in
    Ukraine Flag Ukraine
    Years
    1937-.. (age 84)
    Occupations
    neurologistuniversity teacherpsychologist
    Biography

    Giacomo Rizzolatti is an Italian neurophysiologist who works at the University of Parma. Born in Kiev, UkSSR, he is the Senior Scientist of the research team that discovered mirror neurons in the frontal and parietal cortex of the macaque monkey, and has written many scientific articles on the topic. He also proposed the premotor theory of attention. He is a past president of the European Brain and Behaviour Society. Rizzolatti was the 2007 co-recipient, with Leonardo Fogassi and Vittorio Gallese, for the University of Louisville Grawemeyer Award for Psychology.

  79. Étienne Dolet

    Photo
    Étienne Dolet
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1509-1546 (aged 37)
    Occupations
    linguisttranslatorpublisherpoetclassical scholar
    Biography

    Étienne Dolet was a French scholar, translator and printer. Dolet was a controversial figure throughout his lifetime. His early attacks upon the Inquisition, the city council and other authorities in Toulouse, together with his later publications in Lyon treating of theological subjects, roused the French Inquisition to monitor his activities closely. After being imprisoned several times, he was eventually convicted of heresy, strangled and burned with his books due to the combined efforts of the parlement of Paris, the Inquisition, and the theological faculty of the Sorbonne.

  80. Guido Carli

    Photo
    Guido Carli
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1914-1993 (aged 79)
    Occupations
    economistpoliticianbanker
    Biography

    Guido Carli was an Italian banker, economist and politician.

  81. Giuseppe Berto

    Photo
    Giuseppe Berto
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1914-1978 (aged 64)
    Occupations
    writerscreenwriterfilm director
    Biography

    Giuseppe Berto was an Italian writer and screenwriter. He is mostly known for his novels Il cielo è rosso (The Sky Is Red) and Il male oscuro.

  82. Camillo Boito

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    Camillo Boito
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1836-1914 (aged 78)
    Occupations
    architectwriterart criticart historian
    Biography

    Camillo Boito was an Italian architect and engineer, and a noted art critic, art historian and novelist.

  83. Francesco Carnelutti

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    Francesco Carnelutti
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1879-1965 (aged 86)
    Occupations
    lawyerjurist
    Biography

    Francesco Carnelutti was an Italian jurist and lawyer.

  84. Andrea Zanzotto

    Photo
    Andrea Zanzotto
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1921-2011 (aged 90)
    Occupations
    poettranslatorwriterscreenwriterliterary critic
    Biography

    Andrea Zanzotto was an Italian poet.

  85. Hieronymus Fabricius

    Photo
    Hieronymus Fabricius
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1533-1619 (aged 86)
    Occupations
    surgeonuniversity teacheranatomist
    Biography

    Girolamo Fabrici d'Acquapendente, also known as Girolamo Fabrizio or Hieronymus Fabricius, was a pioneering anatomist and surgeon known in medical science as "The Father of Embryology."

  86. Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle

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    Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1517-1586 (aged 69)
    Occupations
    art collectordiplomatCatholic priest
    Biography

    Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, Comte de La Baume Saint Amour, was a Bisontin (Free Imperial City of Besançon) statesman, made a cardinal, who followed his father as a leading minister of the Spanish Habsburgs, and was one of the most influential European politicians during the time which immediately followed the appearance of Protestantism in Europe; "the dominating Imperial statesman of the whole century". He was also a notable art collector, the "greatest private collector of his time, the friend and patron of Titian and Leoni and many other artists".

  87. Paolo Giovio

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    Paolo Giovio
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1483-1552 (aged 69)
    Occupations
    historianbiographerphysicianmuseologist
    Biography

    Paolo Giovio was an Italian physician, historian, biographer, and prelate.

  88. Erika Stefani

    Photo
    Erika Stefani
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1971-.. (age 50)
    Occupations
    politicianlawyer
    Biography

    Erika Stefani is an Italian lawyer and politician who served as the Italian Minister of Regional Affairs and Autonomies from 1 June 2018 to 5 September 2019 and as the Italian Minister for Disabilities since 13 February 2021. A member of Lega Nord, she has served as a member of the Italian Senate since 15 March 2013.

  89. Massimo Polidoro

    Photo
    Massimo Polidoro
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1969-.. (age 52)
    Occupations
    journalistwriterpsychologistchildren's writer
    Biography

    Massimo Polidoro is an Italian psychologist, writer, journalist, television personality, co-founder and executive director of the Italian Committee for the Investigation of Claims of the Pseudoscience (CICAP).

  90. Carl Ritter von Ghega

    Photo
    Carl Ritter von Ghega
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1802-1860 (aged 58)
    Occupations
    engineerarchitectcivil engineerrailway engineer
    Biography

    Karl Ritter von Ghega or Karl von Ghega was an Austrian nobleman and the designer of the Semmering Railway from Gloggnitz to Mürzzuschlag. During his time, he was the most prominent of Austrian railway engineers and architects.

  91. Felice Casorati

    Photo
    Felice Casorati
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1883-1963 (aged 80)
    Occupations
    painterdesignergraphic artistsculptor
    Biography

    Felice Casorati was an Italian painter, sculptor, and printmaker. The paintings for which he is most noted include figure compositions, portraits and still lifes, which are often distinguished by unusual perspective effects.

  92. Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq

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    Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq
    Born in
    Belgium Flag Belgium
    Years
    1522-1592 (aged 70)
    Occupations
    diplomatwriterbotanist
    Biography

    Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq, sometimes Augier Ghislain de Busbecq, was a 16th-century Flemish writer, herbalist and diplomat in the employ of three generations of Austrian monarchs. He served as ambassador to the Ottoman Empire in Constantinople and in 1581 published a book about his time there, Itinera Constantinopolitanum et Amasianum, re-published in 1595 under the title of Turcicae epistolae or Turkish Letters. His letters also contain the only surviving word list of Crimean Gothic, a Germanic dialect spoken at the time in some isolated regions of Crimea. He is credited with the introduction of tulips into western Europe and to the origin of their name.

  93. Gaspard Bauhin

    Photo
    Gaspard Bauhin
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1560-1624 (aged 64)
    Occupations
    botanistuniversity teachermycologistphysiciannaturalist
    Biography

    Gaspard Bauhin or Caspar Bauhin, was a Swiss botanist whose Pinax theatri botanici (1623) described thousands of plants and classified them in a manner that draws comparisons to the later binomial nomenclature of Linnaeus. He was a disciple of the famous Italian physician Girolamo Mercuriale and he also worked on human anatomical nomenclature.

  94. Ernest Koliqi

    Photo
    Ernest Koliqi
    Born in
    Albania Flag Albania
    Years
    1903-1975 (aged 72)
    Occupations
    linguistpoetliterary critictranslator
    Biography

    Ernest Koliqi was an Albanian journalist, politician, translator, teacher and writer. Along with Mitrush Kuteli he is considered as the founder of modern Albanian prose commonly known by the pen names Borizani, Hilushi or Hilush Vilza.

  95. Matteo Strukul

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    Matteo Strukul
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1973-.. (age 48)
    Occupations
    writer
    Biography

    Matteo Strukul is an Italian writer and journalist.

  96. Giovanni Comisso

    Photo
    Giovanni Comisso
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1895-1969 (aged 74)
    Occupations
    writerjournalist
    Biography

    Giovanni Comisso was an important Italian writer of the twentieth century, appreciated by Eugenio Montale, Umberto Saba, Gianfranco Contini and many others.

  97. Thomas Bartholin

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    Thomas Bartholin
    Years
    1616-1680 (aged 64)
    Occupations
    physician
    Biography

    Thomas Bartholin was a Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian. He is best known for his work in the discovery of the lymphatic system in humans and for his advancements of the theory of refrigeration anesthesia, being the first to describe it scientifically.

  98. Michel de l'Hôpital

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    Michel de l'Hôpital
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    Died in 1573
    Occupations
    writerpoliticianpoet
    Biography

    Michel de l'Hôpital was a French statesman.

  99. Luigi Negrelli

    Photo
    Luigi Negrelli
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1799-1858 (aged 59)
    Occupations
    civil engineerarchitect
    Biography

    Nikolaus Alois Maria Vinzenz Negrelli, Ritter von Moldelbe was a Tyrolean civil engineer and railroad pioneer mostly active in parts of the Austrian Empire, Switzerland, Germany and Italy.

  100. Pietro Andrea Mattioli

    Photo
    Pietro Andrea Mattioli
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1501-1577 (aged 76)
    Occupations
    botanistphysician
    Biography

    Pietro Andrea Gregorio Mattioli was a doctor and naturalist born in Siena.