100 Notable alumni of
Leiden University

Leiden University is 85th in the world, 26th in Europe, and 1st in the Netherlands by aggregated alumni prominence. Below is the list of 100 notable alumni from Leiden University sorted by their wiki pages popularity. The directory includes famous graduates and former students along with research and academic staff. 3 individuals affiliated with Leiden University won Nobel Prizes in Physics and Physiology or Medicine.

  1. René Descartes

    René Descartes
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1596-1650 (aged 54)
    Occupations
    correspondentastronomermathematicianmilitary personnelmechanical automaton engineer
    Biography

    René Descartes was a French philosopher, mathematician, scientist and lay Catholic who invented analytic geometry, linking the previously separate fields of geometry and algebra. He spent a large portion of his working life in the Dutch Republic, initially serving the Dutch States Army of Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange and the Stadtholder of the United Provinces. One of the most notable intellectual figures of the Dutch Golden Age, Descartes is also widely regarded as one of the founders of modern philosophy and algebraic geometry.

  2. Rembrandt

    Rembrandt
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1606-1669 (aged 63)
    Enrolled in Leiden University
    1620-1621 studied arts
    Occupations
    art collectordrawercollectorprintmakerdraftsperson
    Biography

    Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn, usually simply known as Rembrandt, was a Dutch Golden Age painter, printmaker and draughtsman.

  3. William III of England

    William III of England
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1650-1702 (aged 52)
    Occupations
    politician
    Biography

    William III, also widely known as William of Orange, was the sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from the 1670s, and King of England, Ireland, and Scotland from 1689 until his death in 1702. As King of Scotland, he is known as William II. He is sometimes informally known as "King Billy" in Ireland and Scotland. His victory at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690 is commemorated by Unionists, who display orange colours in his honour. He ruled Britain alongside his wife and cousin Queen Mary II, and popular histories usually refer to their reign as that of "William and Mary".

  4. John Quincy Adams

    John Quincy Adams
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1767-1848 (aged 81)
    Occupations
    politiciandiariststatespersonwriterlawyer
    Biography

    John Quincy Adams was an American statesman, diplomat, lawyer, and diarist who served as the 6th president of the United States, from 1825 to 1829. He previously served as the 8th United States Secretary of State from 1817 to 1825. During his long diplomatic and political career, Adams also served as an ambassador, and as a member of the United States Senate and House of Representatives representing Massachusetts. He was the eldest son of John Adams, who served as the second U.S. president from 1797 to 1801, and First Lady Abigail Adams. Initially a Federalist like his father, he won election to the presidency as a member of the Democratic-Republican Party, and in the mid-1830s became affiliated with the Whig Party.

  5. Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands

    Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1967-.. (age 55)
    Enrolled in Leiden University
    1987-1993 graduated with Master of Arts in history
    Occupations
    aircraft pilotjudgearistocratmonarch
    Biography

    Willem-Alexander is King of the Netherlands, having acceded to the throne following his mother's abdication in 2013.

  6. Beatrix of the Netherlands

    Beatrix of the Netherlands
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1938-.. (age 84)
    Occupations
    aristocratmonarch
    Biography

    Beatrix is a member of the Dutch royal house who reigned as Queen of the Netherlands from 1980 until her abdication in 2013.

  7. Mark Rutte

    Mark Rutte
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1967-.. (age 55)
    Enrolled in Leiden University
    1984-1992 studied study of history
    Occupations
    teacherhistorianpolitician
    Biography

    Mark Rutte is a Dutch politician serving as Prime Minister of the Netherlands since 2010 and Leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) since 2006.

  8. Paul Verhoeven

    Paul Verhoeven
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1938-.. (age 84)
    Occupations
    film directortelevision producerfilm actortelevision directorscreenwriter
    Biography

    Paul Verhoeven is a Dutch director and screenwriter active in the Netherlands, France and the United States. His blending of graphic violence and sexual content with social satire are trademarks of both his drama and science fiction films.

  9. Enrico Fermi

    Enrico Fermi
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1901-1954 (aged 53)
    Enrolled in Leiden University
    Studied in 1923-1924
    Occupations
    inventornuclear physicistprofessortheoretical physicistphysicist
    Biography

    Enrico Fermi was an Italian (later naturalized American) physicist and the creator of the world's first nuclear reactor, the Chicago Pile-1. He has been called the "architect of the nuclear age" and the "architect of the atomic bomb". He was one of very few physicists to excel in both theoretical physics and experimental physics. Fermi was awarded the 1938 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on induced radioactivity by neutron bombardment and for the discovery of transuranium elements. With his colleagues, Fermi filed several patents related to the use of nuclear power, all of which were taken over by the US government. He made significant contributions to the development of statistical mechanics, quantum theory, and nuclear and particle physics.

  10. Armin van Buuren

    Armin van Buuren
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1976-.. (age 46)
    Occupations
    lawyerdisc jockeyrecord producercomposerradio personality
    Biography

    Armin Jozef Jacobus Daniël van Buuren is a Dutch DJ and record producer from Leiden, South Holland. Since 2001, he has hosted A State of Trance (ASOT), a weekly radio show, which is broadcast to nearly 40 million listeners in 84 countries on over 100 FM radio stations. According to the website DJs and Festivals, "the radio show propelled him to stardom and helped cultivate an interest in trance music around the world."

  11. Juliana of the Netherlands

    Juliana of the Netherlands
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1909-2004 (aged 95)
    Occupations
    monarch
    Biography

    Juliana was Queen of the Netherlands from 1948 until her abdication in 1980.

  12. Ayaan Hirsi Ali

    Ayaan Hirsi Ali
    Born in
    Somalia Flag Somalia
    Years
    1969-.. (age 53)
    Occupations
    writerpoliticianscreenwriterauthoractivist
    Biography

    Ayaan Hirsi Ali is a Somali-born Dutch-American activist, feminist, author, scholar and former politician. She received international attention as a critic of Muslims and advocate for the rights and self-determination of Muslim women, actively opposing forced marriage, honor killing, child marriage and female genital mutilation. She has founded an organisation for the defense of women's rights, the AHA Foundation. Ayaan Hirsi Ali works for the Hoover Institution and the American Enterprise Institute.

  13. Christiaan Huygens

    Christiaan Huygens
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1629-1695 (aged 66)
    Occupations
    musicologistastronomertheoretical physicistinstrument makerinventor
    Biography

    Christiaan Huygens, Lord of Zuilichem, FRS was a Dutch mathematician, physicist, astronomer and inventor, who is regarded as one of the greatest scientists of all time and a major figure in the scientific revolution. In physics, Huygens made groundbreaking contributions in optics and mechanics, while as an astronomer he is chiefly known for his studies of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan. As an inventor, he improved the design of telescopes and invented the pendulum clock, a breakthrough in timekeeping and the most accurate timekeeper for almost 300 years. An exceptionally talented mathematician and physicist, Huygens was the first to idealize a physical problem by a set of parameters then analyse it mathematically, and the first to fully mathematize a mechanistic explanation of an unobservable physical phenomenon. For these reasons, he has been called the first theoretical physicist and one of the founders of modern mathematical physics.

  14. Thierry Baudet

    Thierry Baudet
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1983-.. (age 39)
    Occupations
    politician
    Biography

    Thierry Henri Philippe Baudet is a Dutch politician and author. He is the founder and leader of Forum for Democracy (FvD), and has been a member of the House of Representatives since 2017. He also serves as the party's parliamentary leader. He is a controversial politician due to his political views.

  15. Hugo Grotius

    Hugo Grotius
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1583-1645 (aged 62)
    Occupations
    historianjuristwriterpoliticianplaywright
    Biography

    Hugo Grotius, also known as Huig de Groot (Dutch: [ˈɦœyɣ də ˈɣroːt]) and Hugo de Groot (Dutch: [ˈɦyɣoː -]), was a Dutch humanist, diplomat, lawyer, theologian, jurist, poet and playwright.

  16. Johan de Witt

    Johan de Witt
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1625-1672 (aged 47)
    Occupations
    lawyermathematicianpolitician
    Biography

    Johan de Witt, lord of Zuid- en Noord-Linschoten, Snelrewaard, Hekendorp en IJsselvere, was a Dutch statesman and a major political figure in the Dutch Republic in the mid-17th century, the First Stadtholderless Period, when its flourishing sea trade in a period of globalization made the republic a leading European trading and seafaring power – now commonly referred to as the Dutch Golden Age. De Witt controlled the Dutch political system from around 1650 until shortly before his murder and cannibalisation by a pro-monarch mob in 1672.

  17. Edsger W. Dijkstra

    Edsger W. Dijkstra
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1930-2002 (aged 72)
    Enrolled in Leiden University
    In 1956 studied mathematics and physics
    Occupations
    physicistengineermathematicianscientistuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Edsger Wybe Dijkstra was a Dutch computer scientist, programmer, software engineer, systems scientist, science essayist, and pioneer in computing science. A theoretical physicist by training, he worked as a programmer at the Mathematisch Centrum (Amsterdam) from 1952 to 1962. A university professor for much of his life, Dijkstra held the Schlumberger Centennial Chair in Computer Sciences at the University of Texas at Austin from 1984 until his retirement in 1999. He was a professor of mathematics at the Eindhoven University of Technology (1962–1984) and a research fellow at the Burroughs Corporation (1973–1984). In 1972, he became the first person who was neither American nor British to win the Turing Award.

  18. Hendrik Lorentz

    Hendrik Lorentz
    Awards
    Nobel Prize in Physics in 1902
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1853-1928 (aged 75)
    Occupations
    physicistmathematicianuniversity teacherprofessorcurator
    Biography

    Hendrik Antoon Lorentz was a Dutch physicist who shared the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics with Pieter Zeeman for the discovery and theoretical explanation of the Zeeman effect. He also derived the Lorentz transformation underpinning Albert Einstein's special theory of relativity, as well as the Lorentz force, which describes the combined electric and magnetic forces acting on a charged particle in an electromagnetic field.

  19. Hamengkubuwono IX

    Hamengkubuwono IX
    Born in
    Indonesia Flag Indonesia
    Years
    1912-1988 (aged 76)
    Occupations
    politician
    Biography

    Hamengkubuwono IX or HB IX was an Indonesian statesman and royal who was the second vice president of Indonesia, the ninth sultan of Yogyakarta, and the first governor of the Special Region of Yogyakarta. Hamengkubuwono IX was also the Chairman of the first National Scout Movement Quarter and was known as the Father of the Indonesian Scouts.

  20. Eva Jinek

    Eva Jinek
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1978-.. (age 44)
    Occupations
    journalistpresenterfeministnews presenterradio personality
    Biography

    Eva Jinek is a Dutch American journalist and television presenter.

  21. Henry Fielding

    Henry Fielding
    Born in
    United Kingdom Flag United Kingdom
    Years
    1707-1754 (aged 47)
    Occupations
    poet lawyermagistratejournalistjudgejurist
    Biography

    Henry Fielding was an English novelist, irony writer and dramatist known for earthy humour and satire. His comic novel Tom Jones is still widely appreciated. He and Samuel Richardson are seen as founders of the traditional English novel. He also holds a place in the history of law enforcement, having used his authority as a magistrate to found the Bow Street Runners, London's first intermittently funded, full-time police force.

  22. Maurice of Nassau

    Maurice of Nassau
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1567-1625 (aged 58)
    Occupations
    military officerpolitician
    Biography

    Maurice of Orange was stadtholder of all the provinces of the Dutch Republic except for Friesland from 1585 at the earliest until his death in 1625. Before he became Prince of Orange upon the death of his eldest half-brother Philip William in 1618, he was known as Maurice of Nassau.

  23. Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands

    Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1969-.. (age 53)
    Enrolled in Leiden University
    Studied law
    Occupations
    lawyerconsultantaristocrat
    Biography

    Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands is the third and youngest son of the former Dutch queen, Beatrix, and her husband, Claus von Amsberg, and is the younger brother of the reigning Dutch king, Willem-Alexander. He is a member of the Dutch Royal House and currently fourth in the line of succession to the Dutch throne.

  24. Willem Einthoven

    Willem Einthoven
    Awards
    Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1924
    Born in
    Indonesia Flag Indonesia
    Years
    1860-1927 (aged 67)
    Occupations
    university teacherphysiologistinventorphysician
    Biography

    Willem Einthoven was a Dutch doctor and physiologist. He invented the first practical electrocardiograph (ECG or EKG) in 1895 and received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1924 for it ("for the discovery of the mechanism of the electrocardiogram").

  25. Sutan Sjahrir

    Sutan Sjahrir
    Born in
    Indonesia Flag Indonesia
    Years
    1909-1966 (aged 57)
    Occupations
    politician
    Biography

    Sutan Sjahrir was an Indonesian politician, and revolutionary independence leader, who served as the first Prime Minister of Indonesia, from 1945 until 1947. Previously, he was a key Indonesian nationalist organizer in the 1930s and 1940s. Unlike some of his colleagues, he did not support the Japanese during the Japanese occupation and fought in the resistance against them. He was considered to be an idealist and an intellectual.

  26. Princess Margriet of the Netherlands

    Princess Margriet of the Netherlands
    Born in
    Canada Flag Canada
    Years
    1943-.. (age 79)
    Occupations
    aristocrat
    Biography

    Princess Margriet Francisca of the Netherlands is the third daughter of Queen Juliana and Prince Bernhard. As an aunt of the reigning monarch, King Willem-Alexander, she is a member of the Dutch Royal House and currently eighth and last in the line of succession to the throne.

  27. James Hutton

    James Hutton
    Born in
    United Kingdom Flag United Kingdom
    Years
    1726-1797 (aged 71)
    Occupations
    farmermeteorologistgeologistindustrialist
    Biography

    James Hutton was a Scottish geologist, agriculturalist, chemical manufacturer, naturalist and physician. Often referred to as the father of modern geology, he played a key role in establishing geology as a modern science.

  28. Wopke Hoekstra

    Wopke Hoekstra
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1975-.. (age 47)
    Occupations
    lawyercolumnistpolitician
    Biography

    Wopke Bastiaan Hoekstra is a Dutch politician who has served as second Deputy Prime Minister of the Netherlands and Minister of Foreign Affairs in the fourth Rutte cabinet since 10 January 2022. He has also been Leader of the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) since 2020. Hoekstra previously served as Minister of Finance in the third Rutte cabinet from 2017 to 2022.

  29. Johan Huizinga

    Johan Huizinga
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1872-1945 (aged 73)
    Occupations
    art historiancultural historianphilosopherresistance fighteruniversity teacher
    Biography

    Johan Huizinga was a Dutch historian and one of the founders of modern cultural history.

  30. Rutger Bregman

    Rutger Bregman
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1988-.. (age 34)
    Enrolled in Leiden University
    Studied in 2006-2007
    Occupations
    writerhistorianjournalist
    Biography

    Rutger C. Bregman is a Dutch historian and author. He has published four books on history, philosophy, and economics, including Utopia for Realists: How We Can Build the Ideal World, which has been translated into thirty-two languages. His work has been featured in The Washington Post, The Guardian and the BBC. He has been described by The Guardian as the "Dutch wunderkind of new ideas" and by TED Talks as "one of Europe's most prominent young thinkers". His TED Talk, "Poverty Isn't a Lack of Character; It's a Lack of Cash", was chosen by TED curator Chris Anderson as one of the top ten of 2017.

  31. Jan Ingenhousz

    Jan Ingenhousz
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1730-1799 (aged 69)
    Occupations
    physicistphysiologistbiologistbotanistchemist
    Biography

    Jan Ingenhousz or Ingen-Housz FRS (8 December 1730 – 7 September 1799) was a Dutch-born British physiologist, biologist and chemist.

  32. Baron d'Holbach

    Baron d'Holbach
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1723-1789 (aged 66)
    Occupations
    writerphilosophertranslatorsalonnièrelawyer
    Biography

    Paul-Henri Thiry, Baron d'Holbach, was a French-German philosopher, encyclopedist, writer, and prominent figure in the French Enlightenment. He was born Paul Heinrich Dietrich in Edesheim, near Landau in the Rhenish Palatinate, but lived and worked mainly in Paris, where he kept a salon. He was well known for his atheism and for his voluminous writings against religion, the most famous of them being The System of Nature (1770) and The Universal Morality (1776).

  33. Achmad Soebardjo

    Achmad Soebardjo
    Born in
    Indonesia Flag Indonesia
    Years
    1896-1978 (aged 82)
    Occupations
    politician
    Biography

    Achmad Soebardjo Djojoadisoerjo was a diplomat, one of Indonesia's founding fathers, and an Indonesian national hero. He was the first Foreign Minister of Indonesia. In 1933, he received the degree Meester in de Rechten from Leiden University, Netherlands.

  34. Charles Adams

    Charles Adams
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1770-1800 (aged 30)
    Occupations
    lawyer
    Biography

    Charles Adams was the second son of President John Adams and his wife, Abigail Adams (née Smith).

  35. Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff

    Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1852-1911 (aged 59)
    Occupations
    geologistengineerresearcheruniversity teacherprofessor
    Biography

    Jacobus Henricus "Henry" van 't Hoff Jr. was a Dutch physical chemist. A highly influential theoretical chemist of his time, Van 't Hoff was the first winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. His pioneering work helped found the modern theory of chemical affinity, chemical equilibrium, chemical kinetics, and chemical thermodynamics. In his 1874 pamphlet Van 't Hoff formulated the theory of the tetrahedral carbon atom and laid the foundations of stereochemistry. In 1875, he predicted the correct structures of allenes and cumulenes as well as their axial chirality. He is also widely considered one of the founders of physical chemistry as the discipline is known today.

  36. Niko Tinbergen

    Niko Tinbergen
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1907-1988 (aged 81)
    Occupations
    ornithologistphysicianzoologistethologistuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Nikolaas "Niko" Tinbergen FRS was a Dutch biologist and ornithologist who shared the 1973 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Karl von Frisch and Konrad Lorenz for their discoveries concerning organization and elicitation of individual and social behavior patterns in animals. He is regarded as one of the founders of modern ethology, the study of animal behavior.

  37. Victoria Koblenko

    Victoria Koblenko
    Born in
    Ukraine Flag Ukraine
    Years
    1980-.. (age 42)
    Occupations
    writeractortelevision actorpresentercolumnist
    Biography

    Victoria Koblenko is a Dutch actress, presenter and columnist of Ukrainian descent.

  38. Johannes Diderik van der Waals

    Johannes Diderik van der Waals
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1837-1923 (aged 86)
    Occupations
    physicistmathematicianuniversity teacherprofessortheoretical physicist
    Biography

    Johannes Diderik van der Waals was a Dutch theoretical physicist and thermodynamicist famous for his pioneering work on the equation of state for gases and liquids. Van der Waals started his career as a school teacher. He became the first physics professor of the University of Amsterdam when in 1877 the old Athenaeum was upgraded to Municipal University. Van der Waals won the 1910 Nobel Prize in physics for his work on the equation of state for gases and liquids.

  39. John Wilkes

    John Wilkes
    Born in
    United Kingdom Flag United Kingdom
    Years
    1725-1797 (aged 72)
    Occupations
    politicianjournalist
    Biography

    John Wilkes was a British radical journalist and politician, as well as a magistrate, essayist and soldier. He was first elected a Member of Parliament in 1757. In the Middlesex election dispute, he fought for the right of his voters—rather than the House of Commons—to determine their representatives. In 1768, angry protests of his supporters were suppressed in the St George's Fields Massacre. In 1771, he was instrumental in obliging the government to concede the right of printers to publish verbatim accounts of parliamentary debates. In 1776, he introduced the first bill for parliamentary reform in the British Parliament.

  40. Alexander Pechtold

    Alexander Pechtold
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1965-.. (age 57)
    Occupations
    art collectorart historianpolitician
    Biography

    Alexander Pechtold is a retired Dutch politician, of the Democrats 66 (D66) party, and an art historian.

  41. Johannes Hevelius

    Johannes Hevelius
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1611-1687 (aged 76)
    Occupations
    entrepreneurcartographerbrewerastronomer
    Biography

    Johannes Hevelius was a councillor and mayor of Danzig (Gdańsk), in the Kingdom of Poland. As an astronomer, he gained a reputation as "the founder of lunar topography", and described ten new constellations, seven of which are still used by astronomers.

  42. Heike Kamerlingh Onnes

    Heike Kamerlingh Onnes
    Awards
    Nobel Prize in Physics in 1913
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1853-1926 (aged 73)
    Occupations
    university teacherprofessorphysicistinventor
    Biography

    Heike Kamerlingh Onnes was a Dutch physicist and Nobel laureate. He exploited the Hampson–Linde cycle to investigate how materials behave when cooled to nearly absolute zero and later to liquefy helium for the first time, in 1908. He also discovered superconductivity in 1911.

  43. Hugo Marie de Vries

    Hugo Marie de Vries
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1848-1935 (aged 87)
    Occupations
    professorgeneticistbiologistuniversity teacherbotanist
    Biography

    Hugo Marie de Vries was a Dutch botanist and one of the first geneticists. He is known chiefly for suggesting the concept of genes, rediscovering the laws of heredity in the 1890s while apparently unaware of Gregor Mendel's work, for introducing the term "mutation", and for developing a mutation theory of evolution.

  44. Thomas Browne

    Thomas Browne
    Born in
    United Kingdom Flag United Kingdom
    Years
    1605-1682 (aged 77)
    Occupations
    philosopherphysician writerwriterphysician
    Biography

    Sir Thomas Browne was an English polymath and author of varied works which reveal his wide learning in diverse fields including science and medicine, religion and the esoteric. His writings display a deep curiosity towards the natural world, influenced by the scientific revolution of Baconian enquiry and are permeated by references to Classical and Biblical sources as well as the idiosyncrasies of his own personality. Although often described as suffused with melancholia, Browne's writings are also characterised by wit and subtle humour, while his literary style is varied, according to genre, resulting in a rich, unique prose which ranges from rough notebook observations to polished Baroque eloquence.

  45. Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje

    Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1857-1936 (aged 79)
    Occupations
    photographeruniversity teacherscientistexplorer
    Biography

    Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje was a Dutch scholar of Oriental cultures and languages and Advisor on Native Affairs to the colonial government of the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia).

  46. Jacobus Arminius

    Jacobus Arminius
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1560-1609 (aged 49)
    Occupations
    professortheologianuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Jacobus Arminius, the Latinized name of Jakob Hermanszoon, was a Dutch theologian during the Protestant Reformation period whose views became the basis of Arminianism and the Dutch Remonstrant movement. He served from 1603 as professor in theology at the University of Leiden and wrote many books and treatises on theology.

  47. Abraham Kuyper

    Abraham Kuyper
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1837-1920 (aged 83)
    Enrolled in Leiden University
    1855-1862 graduated with Doctor
    Occupations
    journalistpoliticiantheologianuniversity teacherChristian minister
    Biography

    Abraham Kuyper, "with a 'y', not an 'ij'", was the Prime Minister of the Netherlands between 1901 and 1905, an influential neo-Calvinist theologian and a journalist. He established the Reformed Churches in the Netherlands, which upon its foundation became the second largest Calvinist denomination in the country behind the state-supported Dutch Reformed Church.

  48. Angelus Silesius

    Angelus Silesius
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1624-1677 (aged 53)
    Occupations
    physician writerclerictheologianpresbyterwriter
    Biography

    Angelus Silesius, born Johann Scheffler and also known as Johann Angelus Silesius, was a German Catholic priest and physician, known as a mystic and religious poet. Born and raised a Lutheran, he adopted the name Angelus (Latin for "angel" or "heavenly messenger") and the epithet Silesius ("Silesian") on converting to Catholicism in 1653. While studying in the Netherlands, he began to read the works of medieval mystics and became acquainted with the works of the German mystic Jacob Böhme through Böhme's friend, Abraham von Franckenberg. Silesius's mystical beliefs caused tension between him and Lutheran authorities and led to his eventual conversion to Catholicism. He took holy orders under the Franciscans and was ordained a priest in 1661. Ten years later, in 1671, he retired to a Jesuit house where he remained for the rest of his life.

  49. Bernard Mandeville

    Bernard Mandeville
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1670-1733 (aged 63)
    Occupations
    philosophereconomistwriterphysician
    Biography

    Bernard Mandeville, or Bernard de Mandeville, was an Anglo-Dutch philosopher, political economist and satirist. Born in Rotterdam, Netherlands, he lived most of his life in England and used English for most of his published works. He became famous for The Fable of the Bees.

  50. Andreas Gryphius

    Andreas Gryphius
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1616-1664 (aged 48)
    Enrolled in Leiden University
    Studied in 1638-1644
    Occupations
    poet lawyerpoetplaywrightwriter
    Biography

    Andreas Gryphius was a German poet and playwright. With his eloquent sonnets, which contains "The Suffering, Frailty of Life and the World", he is considered one of the most important poets of the German baroque. He was one of the first improvers of German language and poetry.

  51. Jan Tinbergen

    Jan Tinbergen
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1903-1994 (aged 91)
    Enrolled in Leiden University
    Studied in 1921-1926
    Occupations
    professoreconomistuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Jan Tinbergen was a Dutch economist who was awarded the first Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1969, which he shared with Ragnar Frisch for having developed and applied dynamic models for the analysis of economic processes. He is widely considered to be one of the most influential economists of the 20th century and one of the founding fathers of econometrics.

  52. Gerard Kuiper

    Gerard Kuiper
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1905-1973 (aged 68)
    Occupations
    astronomeruniversity teachercartographer
    Biography

    Gerard Peter Kuiper was a Dutch astronomer, planetary scientist, selenographer, author and professor. He is the eponymous namesake of the Kuiper belt.

  53. Job Cohen

    Job Cohen
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1947-.. (age 75)
    Occupations
    juristuniversity teacherpolitician
    Biography

    Marius Job Cohen is a retired Dutch politician and jurist who served as Mayor of Amsterdam from 2001 to 2010 and Leader of the Labour Party (PvdA) from 2010 to 2012.

  54. Erica Terpstra

    Erica Terpstra
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1943-.. (age 79)
    Occupations
    journalistswimmerpoliticiantelevision presentertelevision producer
    Biography

    Erica Georgina Terpstra is a retired Dutch politician of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD).

  55. Jaap de Hoop Scheffer

    Jaap de Hoop Scheffer
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1948-.. (age 74)
    Occupations
    juristdiplomatlawyeruniversity teacherpolitician
    Biography

    Jakob Gijsbert "Jaap" de Hoop Scheffer is a Dutch politician and diplomat of the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) party and jurist who served as Secretary General of NATO from 5 January 2004 until 1 August 2009.

  56. Edith Schippers

    Edith Schippers
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1964-.. (age 58)
    Enrolled in Leiden University
    Studied in 1985-1991
    Occupations
    politician
    Biography

    Edith Ingeborg Schippers is a retired Dutch politician of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) and businesswoman serving as President of the DSM Company since 1 February 2019.

  57. John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute

    John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute
    Born in
    United Kingdom Flag United Kingdom
    Years
    1713-1792 (aged 79)
    Occupations
    art collectorbotanistpolitician
    Biography

    John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute, KG, PC, FSA Scot, styled Lord Mount Stuart between 1713 and 1723, was a British nobleman who served as Prime Minister of Great Britain from 1762 to 1763 under George III. He was arguably the last important royal favourite in British politics. He was the first prime minister from Scotland following the Acts of Union in 1707 and the first Tory to have held the post. He was also elected as the first president of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland when it was founded in 1780.

  58. Freek Vonk

    Freek Vonk
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1983-.. (age 39)
    Occupations
    television presenterbiologist
    Biography

    Freek Jacobus Vonk is a Dutch biologist who specializes in herpetology with a special interest in snake venom. He travels the world in search of the most spectacular and bizarre creatures. He has been bitten by a number of venomous snakes, almost lost his arm due to a Caribbean reef shark bite and has housed several parasites in his own body.

  59. Johan Rudolph Thorbecke

    Johan Rudolph Thorbecke
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1798-1872 (aged 74)
    Occupations
    professorjuristhistorianpoliticianuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Johan Rudolph Thorbecke was a Dutch liberal statesman, one of the most important Dutch politicians of the 19th century. In 1848, he headed the commission that drafted the revision of the Constitution of the Netherlands, giving less power to the king and more to the States General, and guaranteeing more religious, personal and political freedom to the people.

  60. Soepomo

    Soepomo
    Born in
    Indonesia Flag Indonesia
    Years
    1903-1958 (aged 55)
    Occupations
    diplomat
    Biography

    Soepomo, known as the father of Indonesia's constitution, was Indonesia's first Minister of Justice, serving in the Presidential Cabinet from 19 August to 14 November 1945 and from 20 December 1949 to 6 September 1950.

  61. Frits Bolkestein

    Frits Bolkestein
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1933-.. (age 89)
    Occupations
    writerpoliticianuniversity teachereconomisthistorian
    Biography

    Frederik "Frits" Bolkestein is a retired Dutch politician and businessman who served as Leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) from 1990 to 1998 and European Commissioner for Internal Market from 1999 until 2004 under Romano Prodi.

  62. Pieter Zeeman

    Pieter Zeeman
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1865-1943 (aged 78)
    Occupations
    photographeruniversity teacherphysicist
    Biography

    Pieter Zeeman was a Dutch physicist who shared the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics with Hendrik Lorentz for his discovery of the Zeeman effect.

  63. Prince Alexander, Prince of Orange

    Prince Alexander, Prince of Orange
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1851-1884 (aged 33)
    Occupations
    prince
    Biography

    Alexander, Prince of Orange, was heir apparent to his father King William III of the Netherlands from 11 June 1879 until his death.

  64. Nasr Abu Zayd

    Nasr Abu Zayd
    Born in
    Egypt Flag Egypt
    Years
    1943-2010 (aged 67)
    Occupations
    university teacherphilosopherwritertheologian
    Biography

    Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd was an Egyptian Quranic thinker, author, academic and one of the leading liberal theologians in Islam. He is famous for his project of a humanistic Quranic hermeneutics, which "challenged mainstream views" on the Quran, sparking "controversy and debate." While not denying that the Quran was of divine origin, Zayd argued that it was a "cultural product" that had to be read in the context of the language and culture of seventh century Arabs, and could be interpreted in more than one way. He also criticized the use of religion to exert political power. In 1995 an Egyptian Sharia court declared him an apostate, this led to threats of death and his fleeing Egypt several weeks later. He later quietly returned to Egypt where he died.

  65. Martinus Wilhelm Beijerinck

    Martinus Wilhelm Beijerinck
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1851-1931 (aged 80)
    Occupations
    professorbiologistuniversity teachermicrobiologistbotanist
    Biography

    Martinus Willem Beijerinck was a Dutch microbiologist and botanist who was one of the founders of virology and environmental microbiology. He is credited with the discovery of viruses, which he called Contagium vivum fluidum.

  66. Robert van Gulik

    Robert van Gulik
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1910-1967 (aged 57)
    Occupations
    novelistmusiciantranslatororientalistlinguist
    Biography

    Robert Hans van Gulik was a Dutch orientalist, diplomat, musician (of the guqin), and writer, best known for the Judge Dee historical mysteries, the protagonist of which he borrowed from the 18th-century Chinese detective novel Dee Goong An.

  67. Pieter van Vollenhoven

    Pieter van Vollenhoven
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1939-.. (age 83)
    Occupations
    juristpianistuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Pieter van Vollenhoven Jr. is the husband of Princess Margriet of the Netherlands and a member, by marriage, of the Dutch Royal House.

  68. Willebrord Snellius

    Willebrord Snellius
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1580-1626 (aged 46)
    Occupations
    mathematicianphysicistuniversity teacherscientistastronomer
    Biography

    Willebrord Snellius was a Dutch astronomer and mathematician, known in the English-speaking world as Snell. In the west, especially the English speaking countries, his name is attached to the law of refraction of light (Snell's law).

  69. Peter Simon Pallas

    Peter Simon Pallas
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1741-1811 (aged 70)
    Occupations
    geographerzoologistbiologistbotanistornithologist
    Biography

    Peter Simon Pallas FRS FRSE was a Prussian zoologist and botanist who worked in Russia (1767–1810).

  70. Herman Tjeenk Willink

    Herman Tjeenk Willink
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1942-.. (age 80)
    Enrolled in Leiden University
    In 1968 studied Law of the Netherlands
    Occupations
    judgelawyerpolitician
    Biography

    Herman Diederik Tjeenk Willink is a retired Dutch politician of the Labour Party (PvdA) and jurist. He was granted the honorary title of Minister of State on 21 December 2012.

  71. Janusz Radziwiłł

    Janusz Radziwiłł
    Born in
    Lithuania Flag Lithuania
    Years
    1612-1655 (aged 43)
    Occupations
    diplomat
    Biography

    Prince Janusz Radziwiłł, also known as Janusz the Second or Janusz the Younger was a noble and magnate in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Throughout his life he occupied a number of posts in the state administration, including that of Court Chamberlain of Lithuania (from 1633), Field Hetman of Lithuania (from 1646) and Grand Hetman of Lithuania (from 1654). He was also a voivode of Vilna Voivodeship (from 1653), as well as a starost of Samogitia, Kamieniec, Kazimierz and Sejwy. He was a protector of the Protestant religion in Lithuania and sponsor of many Protestant schools and churches.

  72. Gert-Jan Segers

    Gert-Jan Segers
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1969-.. (age 53)
    Occupations
    columnistjournalistwriterpolitician
    Biography

    Gert Jan Maarten "Gert-Jan" Segers is a Dutch politician serving as Leader of the Christian Union since 2015. He has been a member of the House of Representatives since 2012 and parliamentary leader since 2015.

  73. Maarten 't Hart

    Maarten 't Hart
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1944-.. (age 78)
    Occupations
    ethnologistliterary criticbiologistwriter
    Biography

    Maarten 't Hart is a Dutch writer. Trained as a biologist in zoology and ethology at the Leiden University, he taught that subject before becoming a full-time writer in the 1980s, having made his debut as a novelist in 1971 under the name Martin Hart with Stenen voor een ransuil ("Stones for a Long-Eared Owl").

  74. Kees van der Staaij

    Kees van der Staaij
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1968-.. (age 54)
    Enrolled in Leiden University
    1986-1991 studied law
    Occupations
    politicianjurist
    Biography

    Cornelis Gerrit "Kees" van der Staaij is a Dutch politician serving as a member of the House of Representatives since 1998 and Leader of the Reformed Political Party (Staatkundig Gereformeerde Partij, SGP) since 2010. As a parliamentarian, he focuses on matters of judiciary, home affairs, Kingdom relations, foreign policy, the European Union, development aid, the defense, public health, welfare, sports, immigration and political asylum. Since 2017 Van der Staaij has been the longest running current member of the House of Representatives.

  75. Herman Boerhaave

    Herman Boerhaave
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1668-1738 (aged 70)
    Occupations
    physicianphilosopherbotanistuniversity teacherchemist
    Biography

    Herman Boerhaave was a Dutch botanist, chemist, Christian humanist, and physician of European fame. He is regarded as the founder of clinical teaching and of the modern academic hospital and is sometimes referred to as "the father of physiology," along with Venetian physician Santorio Santorio (1561–1636). Boerhaave introduced the quantitative approach into medicine, along with his pupil Albrecht von Haller (1708–1777) and is best known for demonstrating the relation of symptoms to lesions. He was the first to isolate the chemical urea from urine. He was the first physician to put thermometer measurements to clinical practice. His motto was Simplex sigillum veri: 'Simplicity is the sign of the truth'. He is often hailed as the "Dutch Hippocrates".

  76. Rik van de Westelaken

    Rik van de Westelaken
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1971-.. (age 51)
    Enrolled in Leiden University
    1989-1991 graduated with bachelor's degree
    Occupations
    news presentertelevision presenterpresenter
    Biography

    Rik van de Westelaken is a Dutch television presenter. He is known for presenting television programs which include the NOS Journaal, Peking Express and Wie is de Mol?. Other programs include Rik over de Grens and 5 Golden Rings.

  77. Louis I, Grand Duke of Hesse

    Louis I, Grand Duke of Hesse
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1753-1830 (aged 77)
    Occupations
    sovereign
    Biography

    Louis I, Grand Duke of Hesse was Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (as Louis X) and later the first Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine.

  78. Nicolaas Bloembergen

    Nicolaas Bloembergen
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1920-2017 (aged 97)
    Occupations
    theoretical physicistuniversity teacherphysicist
    Biography

    Nicolaas Bloembergen was a Dutch-American physicist and Nobel laureate, recognized for his work in developing driving principles behind nonlinear optics for laser spectroscopy. During his career, he was a professor at Harvard University and later at the University of Arizona and at Leiden University in 1973 (as Lorentz Professor).

  79. Marcel van Hattem

    Marcel van Hattem
    Born in
    Brazil Flag Brazil
    Years
    1985-.. (age 37)
    Occupations
    politician
    Biography

    Marcel van Hattem is a political scientist, journalist, international relations consultant and Brazilian politician. He currently serves in Brazil's Chamber of Deputies and is known for his conservative views.

  80. Ian Buruma

    Ian Buruma
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1951-.. (age 71)
    Occupations
    journalisthistorianwritercolumnistuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Ian Buruma is a Dutch writer and editor who lives and works in the United States. In 2017, he became editor of The New York Review of Books, but left the position in September 2018.

  81. Ronald Plasterk

    Ronald Plasterk
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1957-.. (age 65)
    Occupations
    microbiologistgeneticistpoliticiancolumnistuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Ronald Hans Anton Plasterk is a Dutch scientist and a retired politician of the Labour Party (PvdA). Being a former Minister of the Dutch government, currently he works as the CSO for the globally active healthcare company myTomorrows and is an appointed professor at the medical faculty of the University of Amsterdam.

  82. Sander Dekker

    Sander Dekker
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1975-.. (age 47)
    Occupations
    politicianjurist
    Biography

    Sander Dekker is a Dutch politician who served as Minister for Legal Protection in the Third Rutte cabinet from 2017 to 2022. A member of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD), he previously served as State Secretary for Education, Culture and Science under the Second Rutte cabinet from 2012 to 2017.

  83. Albrecht von Haller

    Albrecht von Haller
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1708-1777 (aged 69)
    Occupations
    poetphysiciansurgeonpoliticianentomologist
    Biography

    Albrecht von Haller was a Swiss anatomist, physiologist, naturalist, encyclopedist, bibliographer and poet. A pupil of Herman Boerhaave, he is often referred to as "the father of modern physiology."

  84. Antonie Pannekoek

    Antonie Pannekoek
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1873-1960 (aged 87)
    Occupations
    philosopherpoliticianuniversity teacherhistorian of scienceastronomer
    Biography

    Antonie “Anton” Pannekoek was a Dutch astronomer, philosopher, Marxist theorist, and socialist revolutionary. He was one of the main theorists of council communism (Dutch: radencommunisme).

  85. Christiaan de Wet

    Christiaan de Wet
    Born in
    South Africa Flag South Africa
    Years
    1854-1922 (aged 68)
    Occupations
    politician
    Biography

    Christiaan Rudolf de Wet was a Boer general, rebel leader and politician.

  86. Alexander Andries Maramis

    Alexander Andries Maramis
    Born in
    Indonesia Flag Indonesia
    Years
    1897-1977 (aged 80)
    Occupations
    politician
    Biography

    Alexander Andries Maramis, more commonly known simply as A. A. Maramis, was an Indonesian politician and National Hero of Indonesia, who was involved in the struggle for independence. He was a member of the Investigating Committee for Preparatory Work for Independence (BPUPK), the organization which drafted the Constitution of Indonesia. In the early stages of the Indonesian government, following the Proclamation of Independence, he served as both Minister of Finance and Minister of Foreign Affairs. After the end of the Indonesian National Revolution, he served as the Indonesian ambassador to several nations, including the Philippines, West Germany, and the Soviet Union.

  87. Melanie Schultz van Haegen

    Melanie Schultz van Haegen
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1970-.. (age 52)
    Occupations
    politician
    Biography

    Melanie Henriëtte Schultz van Haegen-Maas Geesteranus is a retired Dutch politician and businesswoman. A member of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD), she served as Minister of Infrastructure and the Environment from 2010 to 2017.

  88. Pieter van Musschenbroek

    Pieter van Musschenbroek
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1692-1761 (aged 69)
    Occupations
    physicianastronomersurgeoninstrument makerprofessor
    Biography

    Pieter van Musschenbroek was a Dutch scientist. He was a professor in Duisburg, Utrecht, and Leiden, where he held positions in mathematics, philosophy, medicine, and astronomy. He is credited with the invention of the first capacitor in 1746: the Leyden jar. He performed pioneering work on the buckling of compressed struts. Musschenbroek was also one of the first scientists (1729) to provide detailed descriptions of testing machines for tension, compression, and flexure testing. An early example of a problem in dynamic plasticity was described in the 1739 paper (in the form of the penetration of butter by a wooden stick subjected to impact by a wooden sphere).

  89. Joseph Luns

    Joseph Luns
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1911-2002 (aged 91)
    Occupations
    politiciandiplomat
    Biography

    Joseph Marie Antoine Hubert Luns was a Dutch politician and diplomat of the defunct Catholic People's Party (KVP) now merged into the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) party and jurist. He served as Secretary General of NATO from 1 October 1971 until 25 June 1984.

  90. Hans van Baalen

    Hans van Baalen
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1960-2021 (aged 61)
    Occupations
    politicianjuristjournalist
    Biography

    Johannes Cornelis "Hans" van Baalen was a Dutch politician of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) who served as a Member of the European Parliament and Leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy in the European Parliament from 2009 until 2019. He also was President of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party from 21 November 2015 until his death.

  91. Ali Sastroamidjojo

    Ali Sastroamidjojo
    Born in
    Indonesia Flag Indonesia
    Years
    1903-1976 (aged 73)
    Occupations
    politician
    Biography

    Raden Ali Sastroamidjojo, more commonly known as Ali Sastroamidjojo, was an Indonesian politician, diplomat, lawyer, and statesman who served as the eighth and tenth Prime Minister of Indonesia, from 1953 until 1955, and again from 1956 until 1957. He also served as the Indonesian Permanent Representative to the United Nations from 1957 until 1960, the first Indonesian Ambassador to the United States, the first Indonesian Ambassador to Canada and the first Indonesian Ambassador to Mexico. In addition, he was also appointed chairman of the Asian-African Conference in Bandung, and also was the chairman of the Indonesian National Party (PNI), from 1960 until 1966.

  92. Paul Cliteur

    Paul Cliteur
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1955-.. (age 67)
    Occupations
    politicianphilosopheruniversity teacherwriterjurist
    Biography

    Paul Bernard Cliteur is a Dutch professor of jurisprudence at Leiden University, as well as a politician, philosopher, writer, publicist and columnist. He is known for his conservative perspective, his atheism, republicanism and efforts for animal rights. He is a member of De Vrije Gedachte. Since 2015, Cliteur is a member of the Dutch political party Forum voor Democratie, where he is chairman of the advisory board and the party's official think tank. In 2019 he was elected to be parliamentary group leader for Forum voor Democratie in the Dutch Senate.

  93. Paul Blokhuis

    Paul Blokhuis
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1963-.. (age 59)
    Occupations
    politician
    Biography

    Paulus "Paul" Blokhuis is a Dutch politician who served as State Secretary for Health, Welfare and Sport in the Third Rutte cabinet from 2017 to 2022. He is a member of the Christian Union (CU).

  94. Ludolph van Ceulen

    Ludolph van Ceulen
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1540-1610 (aged 70)
    Occupations
    professormathematicianuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Ludolph van Ceulen was a German-Dutch mathematician from Hildesheim. He emigrated to the Netherlands.

  95. Chen Yi-chi

    Chen Yi-chi
    Born in
    Taiwan Flag Taiwan
    Years
    1972-.. (age 50)
    Occupations
    politicianwriter
    Biography

    Chen Yi-chi is a Taiwanese politician who was a co-founder and the first chairperson of the Taiwan Statebuilding Party.

  96. Ingrid van Engelshoven

    Ingrid van Engelshoven
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1966-.. (age 56)
    Occupations
    politicianlawyer
    Biography

    Ingrid Katharina van Engelshoven is a Dutch politician who served as Minister of Education, Culture and Science in the Third Rutte cabinet from 26 October 2017 until 10 January 2022.

  97. Maxime Verhagen

    Maxime Verhagen
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1956-.. (age 66)
    Occupations
    politiciandiplomathistorian
    Biography

    Maxime Jacques Marcel Verhagen is a retired Dutch politician of the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) party and historian.

  98. Ankie Broekers-Knol

    Ankie Broekers-Knol
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1946-.. (age 76)
    Occupations
    politicianlawyer
    Biography

    Anneke "Ankie" Broekers-Knol is a Dutch politician and jurist who served as State Secretary for Justice and Security in the Third Rutte cabinet from 11 June 2019 until 10 January 2022. She is a member of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD).

  99. Jan Andrzej Morsztyn

    Jan Andrzej Morsztyn
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1621-1693 (aged 72)
    Occupations
    writerpoetpolitician
    Biography

    Jan Andrzej Morsztyn was a Polish poet, member of the landed nobility, and official in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. He was starosta of Zawichost, Tymbark and Kowal. He was also pantler of Sandomierz (1647–58), Royal Secretary (from 1656), a secular referendary (1658–68), and Deputy Crown Treasurer from 1668. Apart from his career at the Polish court, Morsztyn is famous as a leading poet of the Polish Baroque and a prominent representative of Marinist style in Polish literature. Over his lifetime he accumulated considerable wealth. In 1683 he was accused of treason and was forced to emigrate to France.

  100. Ard van der Steur

    Ard van der Steur
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1969-.. (age 53)
    Occupations
    lawyerart collectorpolitician
    Biography

    Gerard Adriaan "Ard" van der Steur is a retired Dutch politician of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) and lawyer.