100 Notable alumni of
Pontifical Gregorian University

Pontifical Gregorian University is 90th in the world, 27th in Europe, and 2nd in Italy by aggregated alumni prominence. Below is the list of 100 notable alumni from Pontifical Gregorian University sorted by their wiki pages popularity. The directory includes famous graduates and former students along with research and academic staff.

  1. John Paul I

    Photo
    John Paul I
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1912-1978 (aged 66)
    Occupations
    Catholic priestwritercatholic deacon
    Biography

    Pope John Paul I was head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City from 26 August 1978 to his death 33 days later. He was the first pope to have been born in the 20th century. His reign is among the shortest in papal history, resulting in the most recent year of three popes and the first to occur since 1605. John Paul I remains the most recent Italian-born pope, the last in a succession of such popes that started with Clement VII in 1523.

  2. Pius XII

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    Pius XII
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1876-1958 (aged 82)
    Occupations
    Catholic priestdiplomat
    Biography

    Pope Pius XII, born Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli (Italian pronunciation: [euˈdʒɛːnjo maˈriːa dʒuˈzɛppe dʒoˈvanni paˈtʃɛlli]; 2 March 1876 – 9 October 1958), was head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 2 March 1939 until his death in 1958. Before his election to the papacy, he served as secretary of the Department of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, papal nuncio to Germany, and Cardinal Secretary of State, in which capacity he worked to conclude treaties with European and Latin American nations, such as the Reichskonkordat with Nazi Germany. After his death the State of Israel declared him to be a Righteous Gentile in recognition of the estimated 800,000 Jewish lives he saved.

  3. Paul VI

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    Paul VI
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1897-1978 (aged 81)
    Occupations
    Catholic priestdiplomat
    Biography

    Pope Paul VI was head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 21 June 1963 to his death in 1978. Succeeding John XXIII, he continued the Second Vatican Council, which he closed in 1965, implementing its numerous reforms, and fostered improved ecumenical relations with Eastern Orthodox and Protestant churches, which resulted in many historic meetings and agreements.

  4. Maximilian Kolbe

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    Maximilian Kolbe
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1894-1941 (aged 47)
    Occupations
    friar minor conventualCatholic priestEsperantistresistance fighterfather
    Biography

    Maximilian Maria Kolbe, venerated as Saint Maximilian Kolbe, was a Polish Catholic priest and Conventual Franciscan friar who volunteered to die in place of a stranger in the German death camp of Auschwitz, located in German-occupied Poland during World War II. He had been active in promoting the veneration of the Immaculate Virgin Mary, founding and supervising the monastery of Niepokalanów near Warsaw, operating an amateur-radio station (SP3RN), and founding or running several other organizations and publications.

  5. Pius IX

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    Pius IX
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1792-1878 (aged 86)
    Occupations
    Catholic priestdiplomat
    Biography

    Pius IX was head of the Catholic Church from 1846 to 1878, the longest verifiable papal reign. After starting as a liberal, he changed course and condemned liberalism. He was notable for convoking the First Vatican Council in 1868 and for permanently losing papal control of the Papal States in 1870 to the Kingdom of Italy. He refused to leave Vatican City, declaring himself a "prisoner of the Vatican". His diplomacy mixes many failures with some successes such as Austria-Hungary, Portugal, Spain, Canada, Tuscany, Ecuador, Venezuela, Honduras, El Salvador, and Haiti.

  6. Pius XI

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    Pius XI
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1857-1939 (aged 82)
    Occupations
    Catholic priestlibrariandiplomatmountaineer
    Biography

    Pope Pius XI, born Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti (Italian: [amˈbrɔ:dʒo daˈmja:no aˈkille ˈratti]; 31 May 1857 – 10 February 1939), was head of the Catholic Church from 6 February 1922 to his death in 1939. He was the first sovereign of Vatican City from its creation as an independent state on 11 February 1929. He took as his papal motto "Pax Christi in Regno Christi," translated "The Peace of Christ in the Kingdom of Christ."

  7. Leo XIII

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    Leo XIII
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1810-1903 (aged 93)
    Occupations
    Catholic priestdiplomat
    Biography

    Pope Leo XIII was the head of the Catholic Church from 20 February 1878 to his death in 1903. He was the oldest pope (reigning until the age of 93), with the exception of Pope Benedict XVI as emeritus pope, and had the third-longest confirmed pontificate, behind those of Pius IX (his immediate predecessor) and John Paul II.

  8. Saint Óscar Romero

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    Saint Óscar Romero
    Born in
    El Salvador Flag El Salvador
    Years
    1917-1980 (aged 63)
    Occupations
    Catholic priest
    Biography

    Óscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez was a prelate of the Catholic Church in El Salvador. He served as auxiliary bishop of the archdiocese of San Salvador, as bishop of Santiago de María, and finally as the fourth archbishop of San Salvador. As archbishop, Romero spoke out against social injustice and violence amid the escalating conflict between the military government and left-wing insurgents that led to the Salvadoran Civil War. In 1980, Romero was shot by an assassin while celebrating Mass. Though no one was ever convicted for the crime, investigations by the UN-created Truth Commission for El Salvador concluded that Major Roberto D'Aubuisson, founder of the right-wing ARENA political party, had ordered the killing.

  9. Cardinal Mazarin

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    Cardinal Mazarin
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1602-1661 (aged 59)
    Occupations
    diplomatpoliticianclericCatholic priestart collector
    Biography

    Cardinal Jules Mazarin, born Giulio Raimondo Mazzarino (Italian: [ˈdʒuːljo raiˈmondo madːzaˈriːno]) or Mazarini, was an Italian cardinal, diplomat, and politician who served as the chief minister to the kings of France Louis XIII and Louis XIV from 1642 until his death in 1661. In 1654 he acquired the title Duke of Mayenne, and in 1659, 1st Duke of Rethel and Nevers.

  10. Benedict XV

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    Benedict XV
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1854-1922 (aged 68)
    Occupations
    Catholic priest
    Biography

    Pope Benedict XV, born Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa (Italian: [ˈdʒa:komo ˈpa:olo dʒoˈvanni batˈtista della ˈkjɛ:za]; 21 November 1854 – 22 January 1922), was head of the Catholic Church from 1914 until his death in 1922. His pontificate was largely overshadowed by World War I and its political, social, and humanitarian consequences in Europe.

  11. Ivan Illich

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    Ivan Illich
    Born in
    Austria Flag Austria
    Years
    1926-2002 (aged 76)
    Occupations
    Catholic priesthistorianpedagoguephilosopherliterary critic
    Biography

    Ivan Dominic Illich was a Roman Catholic priest, theologian, philosopher, and social critic. His 1971 book Deschooling Society criticises modern society's institutional approach to education, an approach that constrains learning to narrow situations in a fairly short period of the human lifespan. His 1975 book Medical Nemesis, importing to the sociology of medicine the concept of medical harm, argues that industrialised society widely impairs quality of life by overmedicalising life, pathologizing normal conditions, creating false dependency, and limiting other more healthful solutions. Illich called himself "an errant pilgrim."

  12. Aloysius Gonzaga

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    Aloysius Gonzaga
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1568-1591 (aged 23)
    Occupations
    Catholic priestJesuit
    Biography

    Aloysius de Gonzaga was an Italian aristocrat who became a member of the Society of Jesus. While still a student at the Roman College, he died as a result of caring for the victims of a serious epidemic. He was beatified in 1605 and canonized in 1726.

  13. Urban VIII

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    Urban VIII
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1568-1644 (aged 76)
    Occupations
    diplomatclericCatholic priestpatron of the artswriter
    Biography

    Pope Urban VIII, born Maffeo Barberini, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 6 August 1623 to his death in 1644. As pope, he expanded the papal territory by force of arms and advantageous politicking, and was also a prominent patron of the arts and a reformer of Church missions.

  14. Athanasius Kircher

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    Athanasius Kircher
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1602-1680 (aged 78)
    Occupations
    linguistmathematicianegyptologistmusicologistmusic theorist
    Biography

    Athanasius Kircher was a German Jesuit scholar and polymath who published around 40 major works, most notably in the fields of comparative religion, geology, and medicine. Kircher has been compared to fellow Jesuit Roger Joseph Boscovich and to Leonardo da Vinci for his enormous range of interests, and has been honoured with the title "Master of a Hundred Arts". He taught for more than 40 years at the Roman College, where he set up a wunderkammer. A resurgence of interest in Kircher has occurred within the scholarly community in recent decades.

  15. Carlo Maria Viganò

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    Carlo Maria Viganò
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1941-.. (age 80)
    Occupations
    theologiandiplomatCatholic priest
    Biography

    Carlo Maria Viganò is an archbishop of the Catholic Church who served as the Apostolic Nuncio to the United States from 19 October 2011 to 12 April 2016. He previously served as Secretary-General of the Governorate of Vatican City State from 16 July 2009 to 3 September 2011. He is best known for having exposed two major Vatican scandals. These were the Vatican leaks scandal of 2012, in which he revealed financial corruption in the Vatican, and a 2018 letter in which he accused Pope Francis and other Church leaders of covering up sexual abuse allegations against former cardinal Theodore McCarrick.

  16. Raymond Leo Burke

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    Raymond Leo Burke
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1948-.. (age 73)
    Occupations
    Catholic priestjudgewriter
    Biography

    Raymond Leo Burke is an American prelate of the Catholic Church. A bishop, cardinal and the patron of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, he led the Archdiocese of St. Louis from 2004 to 2008 and the Diocese of La Crosse from 1995 to 2004. Additionally, from June 2008 until November 2014, he was the Prefect of the Apostolic Signatura, where he now serves as a rank-and-file member.

  17. Pietro Parolin

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    Pietro Parolin
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1955-.. (age 66)
    Occupations
    Catholic priestdiplomat
    Biography

    Pietro Parolin is an Italian prelate of the Catholic Church. A cardinal since February 2014, he has served as the Secretary of State since October 2013 and a member of the Council of Cardinal Advisers since July 2014. Before that, he worked in the diplomatic service of the Holy See for thirty years, where his assignments included terms in Nigeria, Mexico and Venezuela, as well as more than six years as Undersecretary of State for Relations with States.

  18. Innocent X

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    Innocent X
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1574-1655 (aged 81)
    Occupations
    Catholic priestdiplomat
    Biography

    Pope Innocent X, born Giovanni Battista Pamphilj (or Pamphili), was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 15 September 1644 to his death in 1655.

  19. Hans Küng

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    Hans Küng
    Born in
    Switzerland Flag Switzerland
    Years
    1928-.. (age 93)
    Occupations
    theologianwriterphilosopherclericuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Hans Küng was a Swiss Catholic priest, theologian, and author. From 1995 he was president of the Foundation for a Global Ethic (Stiftung Weltethos).

  20. Aloysius Stepinac

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    Aloysius Stepinac
    Born in
    Croatia Flag Croatia
    Years
    1898-1960 (aged 62)
    Occupations
    Catholic priesttheologian
    Biography

    Aloysius Viktor Stepinac was a Yugoslav Croat prelate of the Catholic Church. A cardinal, Stepinac served as Archbishop of Zagreb from 1937 until his death, a period which included the fascist rule of the Ustaše over the Axis puppet state the Independent State of Croatia (Croatian: Nezavisna Država Hrvatska or NDH) from 1941 to 1945 during World War II. He was tried by the communist Yugoslav government after the war and convicted of treason and collaboration with the Ustaše regime. The trial was depicted in the West as a typical communist "show trial", and was described by The New York Times as biased against the archbishop. However, Professor John Van Antwerp Fine Jr. claims the trial was "carried out with proper legal procedure". In a verdict that polarized public opinion both in Yugoslavia and beyond, the Yugoslav authorities found him guilty on the charge of high treason (for collaboration with the fascist Ustaše regime), as well as complicity in the forced conversions of Orthodox Serbs to Catholicism. Stepinac advised individual priests to admit Orthodox believers to the Catholic Church if their lives were in danger, such that this conversion had no validity, allowing them to return to their faith once the danger passed. He was sentenced to 16 years in prison, but served only five at Lepoglava before being transferred to house arrest with his movements confined to his home parish of Krašić.

  21. Robert Bellarmine

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    Robert Bellarmine
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1542-1621 (aged 79)
    Occupations
    Jesuitwriterlibrarianuniversity teacherCatholic priest
    Biography

    Robert Bellarmine was an Italian Jesuit and a cardinal of the Catholic Church. He was canonized a saint in 1930 and named Doctor of the Church, one of only 36. He was one of the most important figures in the Counter-Reformation.

  22. Robert Sarah

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    Robert Sarah
    Years
    1945-.. (age 76)
    Occupations
    Catholic priest
    Biography

    Robert Sarah is a Guinean prelate of the Catholic Church. A cardinal since 20 November 2010, he was prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments from 23 November 2014 to 20 February 2021. Sarah previously served as secretary of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples under Pope John Paul II and president of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum under Pope Benedict XVI.

  23. Clement XI

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    Clement XI
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1649-1721 (aged 72)
    Occupations
    clericCatholic priest
    Biography

    Pope Clement XI, born Giovanni Francesco Albani, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 23 November 1700 to his death in 1721.

  24. Angelo Sodano

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    Angelo Sodano
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1927-.. (age 94)
    Occupations
    diplomattheologianRoman Catholic priest
    Biography

    Angelo Raffaele Sodano, GCC is an Italian prelate of the Catholic Church, a Cardinal since 1991. He was the Dean of the College of Cardinals from 2005 to 2019, and Cardinal Secretary of State from 1991 to 2006; Sodano was the first person since 1828 to serve simultaneously as Dean and Secretary of State.

  25. Ruđer Josip Bošković

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    Ruđer Josip Bošković
    Born in
    Croatia Flag Croatia
    Years
    1711-1787 (aged 76)
    Occupations
    physicistastronomermathematicianphilosopherdiplomat
    Biography

    Roger Joseph Boscovich was a physicist, astronomer, mathematician, philosopher, diplomat, poet, theologian, Jesuit priest, and a polymath from the Republic of Ragusa. He studied and lived in Italy and France where he also published many of his works.

  26. Clement XII

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    Clement XII
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1652-1740 (aged 88)
    Occupations
    clericCatholic priest
    Biography

    Pope Clement XII, born Lorenzo Corsini, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 12 July 1730 to his death in 1740.

  27. Fernando Lugo

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    Fernando Lugo
    Born in
    Paraguay Flag Paraguay
    Years
    1951-.. (age 70)
    Occupations
    politiciansociologistclericCatholic priest
    Biography

    Fernando Armindo Lugo Méndez is a Paraguayan politician who was President of Paraguay from 2008 to 2012. Previously he was a Roman Catholic priest and bishop, serving as Bishop of the Diocese of San Pedro from 1994 to 2005. He was elected as president in 2008, an election that ended 61 years of rule by the Colorado Party.

  28. Jean-Louis Tauran

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    Jean-Louis Tauran
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1943-2018 (aged 75)
    Occupations
    librariannuncioarchivistCatholic priest
    Biography

    Jean-Louis Pierre Tauran was a French cardinal of the Catholic Church. When he died, he had been the president of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue since 2007 and Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church since the end of 2014. He was made a cardinal in 2003 and was the Cardinal Protodeacon from 2011 to 2014. His earlier career included almost thirty years in the diplomatic service of the Holy See and several years as the Vatican's chief archivist and librarian.

  29. Gregory XV

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    Gregory XV
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1554-1623 (aged 69)
    Occupations
    clericCatholic priest
    Biography

    Pope Gregory XV, born Alessandro Ludovisi, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 9 February 1621 to his death in 1623.

  30. Innocent XII

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    Innocent XII
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1615-1700 (aged 85)
    Occupations
    Catholic priest
    Biography

    Pope Innocent XII, born Antonio Pignatelli, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 12 July 1691 to his death in 1700.

  31. Clement X

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    Clement X
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1590-1676 (aged 86)
    Occupations
    diplomatclericCatholic priest
    Biography

    Pope Clement X, born Emilio Bonaventura Altieri, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 29 April 1670 to his death in 1676. Elected pope at age 79, he has since been ranked as the oldest pope at the time of his election.

  32. Karl Lehmann

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    Karl Lehmann
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1936-2018 (aged 82)
    Occupations
    university teacherCatholic priest
    Biography

    Karl Lehmann was a German Cardinal prelate of the Catholic Church. He served as Bishop of Mainz from 1983 to 2016, being elevated to Cardinal in 2001. He also served as Chairman of the Conference of the German Bishops from 1987 to 2008, being considered one of the most influential prelates in Germany in these years and a leading proponent of liberal stances within the Church. Before he became a bishop, he worked as professor of theology at the University of Mainz and the University of Freiburg.

  33. Innocent XIII

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    Innocent XIII
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1655-1724 (aged 69)
    Occupations
    diplomatclericCatholic priest
    Biography

    Pope Innocent XIII, born as Michelangelo dei Conti, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 8 May 1721 to his death in 1724. He is the last pope to date to take the pontifical name of "Innocent" upon his election.

  34. Carlo Maria Martini

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    Carlo Maria Martini
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1927-2012 (aged 85)
    Occupations
    theologianwriterclericuniversity teacherCatholic priest
    Biography

    Carlo Maria Martini was an Italian Jesuit and cardinal of the Catholic Church. He was Archbishop of Milan from 1980 to 2002 and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1983. A towering intellectual figure of the Roman Catholic Church, Martini was the liberal contender for the Papacy in the 2005 conclave, following the death of Pope John Paul II. According to highly placed Vatican sources, Martini received more votes in the first round than Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, the conservative candidate: 40 to 38. Ratzinger ended up with more votes in subsequent rounds and was elected Pope Benedict XVI.

  35. Adolfo Nicolás

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    Adolfo Nicolás
    Born in
    Spain Flag Spain
    Years
    1936-2020 (aged 84)
    Occupations
    university teacherCatholic priestJesuit
    Biography

    Adolfo Nicolás Pachón was a Spanish priest of the Roman Catholic Church. He was the thirtieth Superior General of the Society of Jesus from 2008 to 2016. Before being elected Superior General, he worked primarily in Japan; he taught at Sophia University in Tokyo for twenty years and then headed educational institutions in Manila from 1978 to 1984 and in Tokyo from 1991 to 1993. He led the Jesuits in Japan from 1993 to 1996 and, after four years of pastoral work in Tokyo, led the Jesuits in Asia from 2004 to 2008.

  36. Joachim Meisner

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    Joachim Meisner
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1933-2017 (aged 84)
    Occupations
    Catholic priestwritercatholic deacon
    Biography

    Joachim Meisner was a German cardinal of the Catholic Church. He was the immediate past Archbishop of Cologne, serving from 1989 until his resignation was accepted by Pope Francis in 2014. He previously served as Bishop of Berlin from 1980 to 1989, and was created a cardinal in 1983. He was widely considered to be Germany's leading conservative Roman Catholic figure.

  37. Marek Jędraszewski

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    Marek Jędraszewski
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1949-.. (age 72)
    Occupations
    Catholic priestphilosopher
    Biography

    Marek Jędraszewski is a Polish Roman Catholic prelate who has been Archbishop of Kraków since 8 December 2016. He served as the Archbishop of Łódź from 2012 to 2017. He has also been Vice-President of the Polish Episcopal Conference since 2014.

  38. Giuseppe Siri

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    Giuseppe Siri
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1906-1989 (aged 83)
    Occupations
    theologianCatholic priest
    Biography

    Giuseppe Siri was an Italian Cardinal of the Catholic Church who served as Archbishop of Genoa from 1946 to 1987, and was elevated to the rank of cardinal in 1953 by Pope Pius XII. He was a protege of Pope Pius XII. He was considered a likely candidate to succeed Pius XII, John XXIII, Paul VI, and John Paul I.

  39. Adam Stefan Sapieha

    Photo
    Adam Stefan Sapieha
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1867-1951 (aged 84)
    Occupations
    Catholic priesttheologianpoliticiancatholic deacon
    Biography

    Prince Adam Stefan Stanisław Bonifacy Józef Sapieha was a Polish cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Archbishop of Kraków from 1911 to 1951. Between 1922–1923 he was a senator of the Second Polish Republic (Polish Rzeczpospolita). In 1946, Pope Pius XII created him Cardinal.

  40. Donald Wuerl

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    Donald Wuerl
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1940-.. (age 81)
    Occupations
    Catholic priest
    Biography

    Donald William Wuerl is an American prelate, a Cardinal, of the Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Washington, D.C., from 2006 to 2018. He was elevated by Pope John Paul II to serve as Auxiliary Bishop of Seattle (1986–1987), and Bishop of Pittsburgh (1988–2006). He was named Archbishop of Washington by Pope Benedict XVI and made a cardinal by him in 2010.

  41. Józef Glemp

    Photo
    Józef Glemp
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1929-2013 (aged 84)
    Occupations
    university teacherCatholic priest
    Biography

    Józef Glemp was a Polish Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He was Archbishop of Warsaw from 1981 to 2006, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1983.

  42. Gustavo Gutiérrez

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    Gustavo Gutiérrez
    Born in
    Peru Flag Peru
    Years
    1928-.. (age 93)
    Occupations
    theologianphilosopherCatholic priestdominican friaruniversity teacher
    Biography

    Gustavo Gutiérrez Merino is a Peruvian philosopher, theologian, and Dominican priest regarded as one of the founders of Latin American liberation theology. He currently holds the John Cardinal O'Hara Professorship of Theology at the University of Notre Dame, and has previously been a visiting professor at many major universities in North America and Europe.

  43. Giovanni Battista Re

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    Giovanni Battista Re
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1934-.. (age 87)
    Occupations
    theologianCatholic priest
    Biography

    Giovanni Battista Re is an Italian cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church whose service has been primarily in the Roman Curia. He was elevated to the rank of cardinal in 2001. He was prefect of the Congregation for Bishops from 2000 to 2010. As the senior cardinal-bishop in attendance, he chaired the March 2013 papal conclave to elect Pope Benedict XVI's successor. Pope Francis approved his election as Dean of the College of Cardinals on 18 January 2020.

  44. Roger Etchegaray

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    Roger Etchegaray
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1922-2019 (aged 97)
    Occupations
    diplomatCatholic priest
    Biography

    Roger Marie Élie Etchegaray was a French cardinal of the Catholic Church. Etchegaray served as the Archbishop of Marseille from 1970 to 1985 before entering the Roman Curia, where he served as President of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace (1984–1998) and President of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum (1984–1995). He was elevated to the rank of cardinal in 1979, and was the longest-serving cardinal never to attend a papal conclave.

  45. Theodore Hesburgh

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    Theodore Hesburgh
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1917-2015 (aged 98)
    Occupations
    theologianuniversity teacherwriterCatholic priest
    Biography

    Rev. Theodore Martin Hesburgh, CSC was a native of Syracuse, New York, who became an ordained priest of the Congregation of Holy Cross and is best known for his service as the president of the University of Notre Dame for thirty-five years (1952–1987). In addition to his career as an educator and author, Hesburgh was a public servant and social activist involved in numerous American civic and governmental initiatives, commissions, international humanitarian projects, and papal assignments. Hesburgh received numerous honors and awards for his service, most notably the United States's Presidential Medal of Freedom (1964) and Congressional Gold Medal (2000). As of 2013, he also held the world's record for the individual with most honorary degrees with more than 150.

  46. Blase J. Cupich

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    Blase J. Cupich
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1949-.. (age 72)
    Occupations
    Catholic priestphilosophertheologian
    Biography

    Blase Joseph Cupich is an American prelate of the Catholic Church, a cardinal who serves as ninth archbishop of the Archdiocese of Chicago.

  47. Filippo Grandi

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    Filippo Grandi
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1957-.. (age 64)
    Occupations
    diplomatphilosopherhistorian
    Biography

    Filippo Grandi is an Italian diplomat and United Nations official, current United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

  48. August Hlond

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    August Hlond
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1881-1948 (aged 67)
    Occupations
    theologianCatholic priest
    Biography

    August Hlond was a Polish cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, who was Archbishop of Poznań and Gniezno in 1926 and Primate of Poland. He was then appointed as the Archbishop of Gniezno and Warsaw in 1946.

  49. Norberto Rivera Carrera

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    Norberto Rivera Carrera
    Born in
    Mexico Flag Mexico
    Years
    1942-.. (age 79)
    Occupations
    university teacherCatholic priest
    Biography

    Norberto Rivera Carrera is a Mexican prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He was the Archbishop of Mexico City from 1995 to 2017. He was made a cardinal in 1998.

  50. Kevin Farrell

    Photo
    Kevin Farrell
    Born in
    Ireland Flag Ireland
    Years
    1947-.. (age 74)
    Occupations
    Catholic priestphilosophermissionary
    Biography

    Kevin Joseph Farrell KGCHS is an Irish-American prelate and a cardinal of the Catholic Church. Born in Dublin, Ireland, he was a former member of the Legion of Christ, and served as the seventh Bishop of Dallas, as well as the chancellor of the University of Dallas. On September 1, 2016, he was appointed the prefect of the Dicastery for the Laity, Family and Life. He was created a cardinal on November 19, 2016, by Pope Francis.

  51. Marc Ouellet

    Photo
    Marc Ouellet
    Born in
    Canada Flag Canada
    Years
    1944-.. (age 77)
    Occupations
    university teacherCatholic priest
    Biography

    Marc Armand Ouellet is a Canadian Cardinal prelate of the Catholic Church. He has been the prefect of the Congregation for Bishops and president of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America since his appointment by Pope Benedict XVI on 30 June 2010. He was Archbishop of Quebec and Primate of Canada from 2002 to 2010. He was made a cardinal by Pope John Paul II on 21 October 2003. Ouellet was considered a papabile to succeed Pope Benedict XVI, who resigned on 28 February 2013.

  52. Vincent Nichols

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    Vincent Nichols
    Born in
    United Kingdom Flag United Kingdom
    Years
    1945-.. (age 76)
    Occupations
    theologianCatholic priestcatholic deacon
    Biography

    Vincent Gerard Nichols is an English cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, Archbishop of Westminster and President of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of England and Wales. He previously served as Archbishop of Birmingham from 2000 to 2009. On 22 February 2014, Pope Francis admitted Archbishop Nichols to the Sacred College of Cardinals at a general consistory.

  53. Krzysztof Charamsa

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    Krzysztof Charamsa
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1972-.. (age 49)
    Occupations
    theologianpresbyterreligiouspoetuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Krzysztof Olaf Charamsa is a Polish Catholic theologian and author. In 2015, after declaring he was homosexual and in a relationship, he was suspended from his position as a Catholic priest and removed from several previous posts in the Roman Curia.

  54. Godfried Danneels

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    Godfried Danneels
    Born in
    Belgium Flag Belgium
    Years
    1933-2019 (aged 86)
    Occupations
    theologianuniversity teacherCatholic priest
    Biography

    Godfried Maria Jules Danneels was a Belgian cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as the Metropolitan Archbishop of Mechelen-Brussels and the chairman of the episcopal conference of his native country from 1979 to 2010. He was elevated to the cardinalate in 1983. His resignation that he had submitted in 2008 at the age of 75 was accepted by Pope Benedict XVI on 18 January 2010.

  55. Gianfranco Ravasi

    Photo
    Gianfranco Ravasi
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1942-.. (age 79)
    Occupations
    theologianJudaic scholarscreenwriteruniversity teacherCatholic priest
    Biography

    Gianfranco Ravasi is an Italian prelate of the Catholic Church and a biblical scholar. A cardinal since 2010, he has been President of the Pontifical Council for Culture since 3 September 2007. He headed Milan's Ambrosian Library from 1989 to 2007.

  56. Dionigi Tettamanzi

    Photo
    Dionigi Tettamanzi
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1934-2017 (aged 83)
    Occupations
    theologianEsperantistCatholic priest
    Biography

    Dionigi Tettamanzi was an Italian prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, who was named a cardinal in 1998. He was Archbishop of Genoa from 1995 to 2002 and Archbishop of Milan from 2002 to 2011.

  57. Luis Ladaria Ferrer

    Photo
    Luis Ladaria Ferrer
    Born in
    Spain Flag Spain
    Years
    1944-.. (age 77)
    Occupations
    Roman Catholic priestJesuituniversity teacher
    Biography

    Luis Francisco Ladaria Ferrer is a Spanish Jesuit, theologian and a cardinal of the Catholic Church. After a thirty-year career teaching theology, he joined the Roman Curia in 2004 as Secretary-General of the International Theological Commission. An archbishop from 2008 until his appointment to the cardinalate in 2018, he became Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF) in 2017.

  58. Cormac Murphy-O'Connor

    Photo
    Cormac Murphy-O'Connor
    Born in
    United Kingdom Flag United Kingdom
    Years
    1932-2017 (aged 85)
    Occupations
    theologianCatholic priest
    Biography

    Cormac Murphy-O'Connor was a British cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, Archbishop of Westminster and president of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of England and Wales. He was made cardinal by Pope John Paul II in 2001. He submitted his resignation as archbishop on reaching his 75th birthday in 2007; Pope Benedict XVI accepted it on 3 April 2009.

  59. Josyf Slipyj

    Photo
    Josyf Slipyj
    Born in
    Ukraine Flag Ukraine
    Years
    1892-1984 (aged 92)
    Occupations
    Catholic priestcatholic deacon
    Biography

    Josyf Slipyi was a Major Archbishop of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church and a Cardinal of the Catholic Church.

  60. Camillo Ruini

    Photo
    Camillo Ruini
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1931-.. (age 90)
    Occupations
    theologianCatholic priest
    Biography

    Camillo Ruini is an Italian prelate of the Catholic Church who was made a cardinal in 1991. He served as president of the Italian Episcopal Conference from 1991 to 2007 and as Vicar General of the Diocese of Rome from 1991 to 2008.

  61. Enrique Angelelli

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    Enrique Angelelli
    Born in
    Argentina Flag Argentina
    Years
    1923-1976 (aged 53)
    Occupations
    theologianCatholic priest
    Biography

    Enrique Ángel Angelelli Carletti was a bishop of the Catholic Church in Argentina who was assassinated during the Dirty War for his involvement with social issues.

  62. Ndre Mjeda

    Photo
    Ndre Mjeda
    Born in
    Albania Flag Albania
    Years
    1866-1937 (aged 71)
    Occupations
    authortranslatoruniversity teacherCatholic priestwriter
    Biography

    Ndre Mjeda was an Albanian philologist, poet, priest, rilindas, translator and writer of the Albanian Renaissance. He was a member of the Mjeda family.

  63. Scipione Borghese

    Photo
    Scipione Borghese
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1576-1633 (aged 57)
    Occupations
    art collectorlibrariandiplomatCatholic priestcatholic deacon
    Biography

    Scipione Borghese was an Italian Cardinal, art collector and patron of the arts. A member of the Borghese family, he was the patron of the painter Caravaggio and the artist Bernini. His legacy is the establishment of the art collection at the Villa Borghese in Rome.

  64. Anthony Kenny

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    Anthony Kenny
    Born in
    United Kingdom Flag United Kingdom
    Years
    1931-.. (age 90)
    Occupations
    philosopher
    Biography

    Sir Anthony John Patrick Kenny is an English philosopher whose interests lie in the philosophy of mind, ancient and scholastic philosophy, the philosophy of Wittgenstein and the philosophy of religion. With Peter Geach, he has made a significant contribution to analytical Thomism, a movement whose aim is to present the thought of St. Thomas Aquinas in the style of analytic philosophy. He is one of the executors of Wittgenstein's literary estate. He is a former President of the British Academy and the Royal Institute of Philosophy.

  65. Landell de Moura

    Photo
    Landell de Moura
    Born in
    Brazil Flag Brazil
    Years
    1861-1928 (aged 67)
    Occupations
    Catholic priestscientistinventorphysicist
    Biography

    Father Roberto Landell de Moura, commonly known as Roberto Landell, was a Brazilian Roman Catholic priest and inventor. He is best known for his work developing long-distance audio transmissions, using a variety of technologies, including an improved megaphone device, photophone (using light beams) and radio signals.

  66. Franz König

    Photo
    Franz König
    Born in
    Austria Flag Austria
    Years
    1905-2004 (aged 99)
    Occupations
    theologianuniversity teacherCatholic priest
    Biography

    Franz König was an Austrian Cardinal of the Catholic Church. He served as archbishop of Vienna from 1956 to 1985, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1958. The last surviving cardinal elevated by Pope John XXIII, he was the second-oldest and longest-serving cardinal worldwide at the time of his death.

  67. Zenon Grocholewski

    Photo
    Zenon Grocholewski
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1939-2020 (aged 81)
    Occupations
    university teacherCatholic priestcatholic deacon
    Biography

    Zenon Grocholewski was a Polish prelate of the Catholic Church, who was elevated to the rank of cardinal in 2001. He joined the Roman Curia in 1972 and served from 1999 until 2015 as Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education and Grand Chancellor of the Pontifical Gregorian University.

  68. Angelo De Donatis

    Photo
    Angelo De Donatis
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1954-.. (age 67)
    Enrolled in Pontifical Gregorian University
    Graduated with Licentiate of Sacred Theology in moral theology
    Occupations
    Catholic priestEastern Orthodox priest
    Biography

    Angelo De Donatis is an Italian Catholic prelate who currently serves as Cardinal Vicar (officially Vicar General of His Holiness), Archpriest of the Archbasilica of St. John Lateran, and Grand Chancellor of the Pontifical Lateran University.

  69. Michael Novak

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    Michael Novak
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1933-2017 (aged 84)
    Occupations
    writerdiplomatphilosopherjournalistpolitical scientist
    Biography

    Michael John Novak Jr. was an American Roman Catholic philosopher, journalist, novelist, and diplomat. The author of more than forty books on the philosophy and theology of culture, Novak is most widely known for his book The Spirit of Democratic Capitalism (1982). In 1993 Novak was honored with an honorary doctorate at Universidad Francisco Marroquín due to his commitment to the idea of liberty. In 1994 he was awarded the Templeton Prize for Progress in Religion, which included a million-dollar purse awarded at Buckingham Palace. He wrote books and articles focused on capitalism, religion, and the politics of democratization.

  70. Titus Brandsma

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    Titus Brandsma
    Born in
    Netherlands Flag Netherlands
    Years
    1881-1942 (aged 61)
    Occupations
    theologianlinguistEsperantistphilosopheruniversity teacher
    Biography

    Titus Brandsma, was a Dutch Carmelite friar, Catholic priest and professor of philosophy. Brandsma was vehemently opposed to Nazi ideology and spoke out against it many times before the Second World War. He was imprisoned in the infamous Dachau concentration camp, where he was murdered. He has been beatified by the Roman Catholic Church as a martyr of the faith.

  71. John Berchmans

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    John Berchmans
    Born in
    Belgium Flag Belgium
    Years
    1599-1621 (aged 22)
    Occupations
    Catholic seminarianJesuit
    Biography

    John Berchmans was a Jesuit scholastic and is a saint in the Catholic Church. In 1615, the Jesuits opened a college at Mechelen and Berchmans was one of the first to enroll. His spiritual model was his fellow Jesuit Aloysius Gonzaga, and he was influenced by the example of the English Jesuit martyrs. Berchmans is the patron saint of altar servers.

  72. Mariano Rampolla

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    Mariano Rampolla
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1843-1913 (aged 70)
    Occupations
    diplomatCatholic priest
    Biography

    Mariano Rampolla del Tindaro was an Italian Cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church, and the last man to have his candidacy for papal election vetoed through jus exclusivae by a Catholic monarch.

  73. Bernard Lonergan

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    Bernard Lonergan
    Born in
    Canada Flag Canada
    Years
    1904-1984 (aged 80)
    Occupations
    theologianphilosopheruniversity teacher
    Biography

    Bernard Joseph Francis Lonergan was a Canadian Jesuit priest, philosopher, and theologian, regarded by many as one of the most important thinkers of the 20th century.

  74. Carlo Caffarra

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    Carlo Caffarra
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1938-2017 (aged 79)
    Occupations
    theologianCatholic priest
    Biography

    Carlo Caffarra was an Italian prelate of the Catholic Church. He was Archbishop of Bologna from 2003 until 2015, when he retired. His previous positions included President of the Pontifical John Paul II Institute for Studies on Marriage and Family from 1981 to 1995 and Archbishop of Ferrara-Comacchio from 1995 to 2003. He was created a Cardinal in the consistory of 24 March 2006 by Pope Benedict XVI.

  75. Péter Pázmány

    Photo
    Péter Pázmány
    Born in
    Romania Flag Romania
    Years
    1570-1637 (aged 67)
    Occupations
    Catholic priesttranslatorphilosopheruniversity teacherwriter
    Biography

    Péter Pázmány, S.J., was a Hungarian Jesuit who was a noted philosopher, theologian, cardinal, pulpit orator and statesman. He was an important figure in the Counter-Reformation in Royal Hungary.

  76. Frei Damião

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    Frei Damião
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1898-1997 (aged 99)
    Occupations
    missionaryfriar minor capuchin
    Biography

    Damião de Bozzano - born as Pio Giannotti - was an Italian Roman Catholic priest and a professed member from the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin who served in the Brazilian missions for over six decades. Giannotti entered the order when he was twelve to do his ecclesial studies and religious formation of which he spent some of that time in Rome. He worked as a teacher from 1928 until 1931 when he was sent to the missions in Brazil. He would remain there for the rest of his life and would go travelling often to northern Brazilian cities where he would celebrate Mass and evangelize while hearing confessions on a frequent basis.

  77. Daniel DiNardo

    Photo
    Daniel DiNardo
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1949-.. (age 72)
    Occupations
    theologianCatholic priest
    Biography

    Daniel Nicholas DiNardo is an American cardinal of the Catholic Church. He is the second and current Archbishop of Galveston-Houston, serving since 2006. He previously served as Bishop of Sioux City from 1998 to 2004. On November 12, 2013, he was elected as the Vice President of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. On November 15, 2016, he was elected as the President of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, exercising a leading administrative role in the Catholic Church in the United States, until his term ended in November of 2019.

  78. Leonardo Sandri

    Photo
    Leonardo Sandri
    Born in
    Argentina Flag Argentina
    Years
    1943-.. (age 78)
    Occupations
    diplomatCatholic priest
    Biography

    Leonardo Sandri is an Argentine Cardinal of the Catholic Church. He has been the Prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches since June 2007 and a cardinal since November of that year. He served in the diplomatic service of the Holy See from 1974 to 1991, in several overseas assignments including as permanent observer of the Holy See before the Organization of American States from 1989 to 1991, and in Rome as Substitute for General Affairs in the Secretariat of State from 1999 to 2007. On 24 January 2020, Pope Francis approved his election as Vice Dean of the College of Cardinals.

  79. Angelo Amato

    Photo
    Angelo Amato
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1938-.. (age 83)
    Occupations
    theologianpedagogueuniversity teacherCatholic priest
    Biography

    Angelo Amato, S.D.B. is an Italian cardinal of the Catholic Church who served as the Prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints between 2008 and 2018. He served as Secretary of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith from 2002 to 2008 and became a cardinal in 2010.

  80. William Levada

    Photo
    William Levada
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1936-2019 (aged 83)
    Occupations
    theologianCatholic priest
    Biography

    William Joseph Levada was an American cardinal of the Catholic Church. From May 2005 until June 2012, he served as Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith under Pope Benedict XVI; he was the highest ranking American in the Roman Curia. He was previously the Archbishop of Portland in Oregon from 1986 to 1995, and then Archbishop of San Francisco from 1995 to 2005. While serving as archbishop, he was criticized for covering up sexual abuse by priests within his jurisdiction. Levada was created a cardinal in 2006 by Benedict XVI.

  81. Stanisław Ryłko

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    Stanisław Ryłko
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1945-.. (age 76)
    Occupations
    Catholic priest
    Biography

    Stanisław Marian Ryłko is a Polish Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He held positions in the Roman Curia beginning in 1987 and was president of the Pontifical Council for the Laity from 2003 to 2016. He was made a cardinal in 2007. He has been Archpriest of the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore since 28 December 2016.

  82. Giovanni Benelli

    Photo
    Giovanni Benelli
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1921-1982 (aged 61)
    Occupations
    diplomattheologianCatholic priestcatholic deacon
    Biography

    Giovanni Benelli was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Florence from 1977 until his death. He was made a cardinal in 1977.

  83. Rafael Merry del Val

    Photo
    Rafael Merry del Val
    Born in
    United Kingdom Flag United Kingdom
    Years
    1865-1930 (aged 65)
    Occupations
    diplomatCatholic priestcatholic deacon
    Biography

    Rafael Merry del Val y Zulueta, was a Spanish Roman Catholic cardinal.

  84. Paul Laverty

    Photo
    Paul Laverty
    Born in
    India Flag India
    Years
    1957-.. (age 64)
    Occupations
    screenwriteractorlawyerhumanitarian
    Biography

    Paul Laverty is a screenwriter and lawyer best known for his screenplays for films directed by Ken Loach.

  85. Carlos Aguiar Retes

    Photo
    Carlos Aguiar Retes
    Born in
    Mexico Flag Mexico
    Years
    1950-.. (age 71)
    Occupations
    theologianCatholic priestcatholic deacon
    Biography

    Carlos Aguiar Retes is a Mexican cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who serves as the Archbishop of Mexico City. He has served as an officer of the Mexican Episcopal Conference and the Latin American Episcopal Conference (CELAM) and been president of both. He helped draft the landmark mission statement CELAM issued at the close of its 2007 conference in Aparecida. He is the former archbishop of Tlalnepantla, and before that, served as the Bishop of Texcoco. David Agren of the Catholic News Service calls him a "longtime ally" of Pope Francis who combines "intellectual finesse with a pastoral passion".

  86. Edward Egan

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    Edward Egan
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1932-2015 (aged 83)
    Occupations
    theologianCatholic priest
    Biography

    Edward Michael Egan was an American cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Bishop of Bridgeport from 1988 to 2000, and as Archbishop of New York from 2000 to 2009. He was elevated to the cardinalate in 2001. He was the twelfth bishop, ninth archbishop, and seventh cardinal of the See of New York.

  87. Paolo Dall'Oglio

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    Paolo Dall'Oglio
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1954-.. (age 67)
    Occupations
    Catholic priestpeace activist
    Biography

    Father Paolo Dall'Oglio is an Italian Jesuit priest and peace activist. He was exiled from Syria by the government in 2012 for meeting with members of the opposition and criticizing the alleged actions of the Syrian government during the Syrian civil war. He was kidnapped by Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant on 29 July 2013.

  88. Odilo Scherer

    Photo
    Odilo Scherer
    Born in
    Brazil Flag Brazil
    Years
    1949-.. (age 72)
    Occupations
    university teacherCatholic priest
    Biography

    Dom Odilo Pedro Scherer is a Brazilian cardinal of the Catholic Church, who has been the Archbishop of São Paulo since March 2007. He was made a cardinal in November 2007. In the international media, he was mentioned as a possible contender to succeed Benedict XVI in 2013. He also holds the position of Grand-Chancellor of the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo (PUC-SP), one of the largest and most prestigious universities in Brazil.

  89. Michael F. Feldkamp

    Photo
    Michael F. Feldkamp
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1962-.. (age 59)
    Occupations
    journalistwriterchurch historianhistorianarchivist
    Biography

    Michael F. Feldkamp is a German historian and journalist.

  90. Józef Kowalczyk

    Photo
    Józef Kowalczyk
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1938-.. (age 83)
    Occupations
    diplomatCatholic priestcatholic deacon
    Biography

    Józef Kowalczyk is a Polish Roman Catholic prelate, canon lawyer and diplomat who, from 1989 to 2010, served as the first apostolic nuncio to Poland since World War II. He later served as archbishop of Gniezno and primate of Poland until his retirement in 2014.

  91. Robert Spitzer

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    Robert Spitzer
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1952-.. (age 69)
    Occupations
    philosopher
    Biography

    Robert J. Spitzer is a Jesuit priest, philosopher, educator, author, speaker, and retired President of Gonzaga University in Spokane, Washington.

  92. Friedrich Wetter

    Photo
    Friedrich Wetter
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1928-.. (age 93)
    Occupations
    Catholic priesttheologianuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Friedrich Wetter is a German cardinal of the Catholic Church. He was Archbishop of Munich and Freising, Germany, from 1982 to 2007. He was Bishop of Speyer from 1968 to 1982. Pope John Paul II made him a cardinal in 1985.

  93. Jozef De Kesel

    Photo
    Jozef De Kesel
    Born in
    Belgium Flag Belgium
    Years
    1947-.. (age 74)
    Occupations
    theologianuniversity teacherCatholic priest
    Biography

    Jozef De Kesel is a Belgian prelate of the Catholic Church who has been a cardinal since 2016 and Archbishop of Mechelen-Brussels since 2015. He served as Bishop of Bruges from 2010 to 2015.

  94. Darío Castrillón Hoyos

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    Darío Castrillón Hoyos
    Born in
    Colombia Flag Colombia
    Years
    1929-2018 (aged 89)
    Occupations
    theologianCatholic priest
    Biography

    Darío del Niño Jesús Castrillón Hoyos was a Colombian cardinal of the Catholic Church. He was Prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy from 1996 to 2006 and President of the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei from 2000 until his retirement in 2009. He was made a cardinal in 1998.

  95. Francesco Coccopalmerio

    Photo
    Francesco Coccopalmerio
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1938-.. (age 83)
    Occupations
    theologianCatholic priest
    Biography

    Francesco Coccopalmerio is an Italian cardinal. He was president of the Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts from his appointment by Pope Benedict XVI on 15 February 2007 until his resignation was accepted by Pope Francis on 7 April 2018. He spent his early years in the Archdiocese of Milan and became an auxiliary bishop in 1993. He moved to the Roman Curia in 2000.

  96. Massimo Introvigne

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    Massimo Introvigne
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1955-.. (age 66)
    Occupations
    philosopherwritersociologistjurist
    Biography

    Massimo Introvigne is an Italian Roman Catholic sociologist of religion and intellectual property attorney. He is a founder and the managing director of the Center for Studies on New Religions (CESNUR), a Turin-based organization which has been described as "the highest profile lobbying and information group for controversial religions".

  97. William Henry Keeler

    Photo
    William Henry Keeler
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1931-2017 (aged 86)
    Occupations
    Catholic priest
    Biography

    William Henry Keeler was an American cardinal of the Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Baltimore, Maryland, from 1989 to 2007 and was elevated to the College of Cardinals in 1994. He previously served as Auxiliary Bishop and Bishop of the Diocese of Harrisburg. Keeler was President of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops from 1992 to 1995.

  98. Josip Bozanić

    Photo
    Josip Bozanić
    Born in
    Croatia Flag Croatia
    Years
    1949-.. (age 72)
    Occupations
    Catholic priestuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Josip Bozanić is a Croatian Cardinal of the Catholic Church. He is the eighth and current Archbishop of Zagreb, having previously served as Bishop of Krk from 1989 to 1997. He was elevated to the cardinalate in 2003. He is a member of the Supervisory Commission of Cardinals of the Institute for the Works of Religion, along with other five cardinals.

  99. Rino Fisichella

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    Rino Fisichella
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1951-.. (age 70)
    Occupations
    university teacherCatholic priest
    Biography

    Salvatore Fisichella, commonly known as Rino Fisichella, is an Italian prelate of the Roman Catholic Church with the rank of archbishop. He is the President of the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of the New Evangelisation. He previously served as President of the Pontifical Academy for Life.

  100. Giuseppe Betori

    Photo
    Giuseppe Betori
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1947-.. (age 74)
    Occupations
    theologianCatholic priest
    Biography

    Giuseppe Betori is an Italian Cardinal of the Catholic Church. He is the archbishop of Florence and the former Secretary General of the Italian Episcopal Conference.