100 Notable alumni of
CUNY City College

CUNY City College is 132nd in the world, 59th in North America, and 57th in the United States by aggregated alumni prominence. Below is the list of 100 notable alumni from CUNY City College sorted by their wiki pages popularity. The directory includes famous graduates and former students along with research and academic staff.

  1. Stanley Kubrick

    Photo
    Stanley Kubrick
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1928-1999 (aged 71)
    Occupations
    film directorcinematographerphotographerfilm producerscreenwriter
    Biography

    Stanley Kubrick was an American film director, producer, screenwriter, and photographer. He is frequently cited as one of the greatest filmmakers in cinematic history. His films, which are mostly adaptations of novels or short stories, cover a wide range of genres and are noted for their realism, dark humor, unique cinematography, extensive set designs, and evocative use of music.

  2. Henry Kissinger

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    Henry Kissinger
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1923-.. (age 98)
    Enrolled in CUNY City College
    Studied accounting
    Occupations
    politicianpolitical scientistdiplomatwriterentrepreneur
    Biography

    Henry Alfred Kissinger is an American politician, diplomat, and geopolitical consultant who served as United States Secretary of State and National Security Advisor under the presidential administrations of Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford. A Jewish refugee who fled Nazi Germany with his family in 1938, he became National Security Advisor in 1969 and U.S. Secretary of State in 1973. For his actions negotiating a ceasefire in Vietnam, Kissinger received the 1973 Nobel Peace Prize under controversial circumstances, with two members of the committee resigning in protest.

  3. Tony Curtis

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    Tony Curtis
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1925-2010 (aged 85)
    Occupations
    film actorwriterpaintertelevision actoractor
    Biography

    Tony Curtis was an American actor whose career spanned six decades, achieving the height of his popularity in the 1950s and early 1960s. He acted in more than 100 films in roles covering a wide range of genres, from light comedy to serious drama. In his later years, Curtis made numerous television appearances.

  4. Colin Powell

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    Colin Powell
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1937-.. (age 84)
    Occupations
    politiciandiplomatsoldier
    Biography

    Colin Luther Powell is an American politician, diplomat and retired four-star general who served as the 65th United States Secretary of State from 2001 to 2005. Powell was the first African-American Secretary of State. Prior to the election of Barack Obama as president in 2008, Powell and his successor, Condoleezza Rice, were the highest-ranking African Americans in the history of the federal executive branch (by virtue of the Secretary of State standing fourth in the presidential line of succession). Powell served as the 16th United States National Security Advisor from 1987 to 1989 and as the 12th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff from 1989 to 1993.

  5. Eli Wallach

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    Eli Wallach
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1915-2014 (aged 99)
    Enrolled in CUNY City College
    Graduated with Master of Education
    Occupations
    film actorautobiographercharacter actorfilm producerstage actor
    Biography

    Eli Herschel Wallach was an American film, television and stage actor whose career spanned more than seven decades, beginning in the late 1940s. Trained in stage acting, which he enjoyed doing most, he became "one of the greatest 'character actors' ever to appear on stage and screen", with over 90 film credits. He and his wife Anne Jackson often appeared together on stage, and were one of the best-known acting couples in American theater. As a stage and screen character actor, Wallach had one of the longest-ever careers in show business, spanning 62 years from his Broadway debut to his last two major Hollywood studio movies (which were released in the same year).

  6. Barry Manilow

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    Barry Manilow
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1943-.. (age 78)
    Occupations
    actorsingersinger-songwritercomposerconductor
    Biography

    Barry Manilow is an American singer-songwriter, arranger, musician, producer and actor, with a career that has spanned more than 50 years. His hit recordings include "Could It Be Magic", "Mandy", "I Write the Songs", "Can't Smile Without You" and "Copacabana (At the Copa)".

  7. Russell Simmons

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    Russell Simmons
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1957-.. (age 64)
    Occupations
    entrepreneurwriterrecord producerfashion designer
    Biography

    Russell Wendell Simmons is an American entrepreneur, record executive, writer, and film producer. He co-founded the hip-hop label Def Jam Recordings, and created the clothing fashion lines Phat Farm, Argyleculture, and Tantris. Simmons' net worth was estimated at $340 million in 2011.

  8. Judd Hirsch

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    Judd Hirsch
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1935-.. (age 86)
    Occupations
    voice actoractortelevision actor
    Biography

    Judd Seymore Hirsch is an American actor known for playing Alex Rieger on the television comedy series Taxi (1978–1983), John Lacey on the NBC series Dear John (1988–1992), and Alan Eppes on the CBS series Numb3rs (2005–2010). He is also well known for his career in theatre and for his roles in films such as Ordinary People (1980), Running on Empty (1988), Independence Day (1996), A Beautiful Mind (2001) and Independence Day: Resurgence (2016).

  9. Luis Guzmán

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    Luis Guzmán
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1956-.. (age 65)
    Occupations
    actorcharacter actorfilm actortelevision actor
    Biography

    Luis Guzmán Cardona is a Puerto Rican actor. His career spans over forty years and includes dozens of films and television shows.

  10. Mark Duplass

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    Mark Duplass
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1976-.. (age 45)
    Occupations
    actorfilm directorscreenwriterfilm producertelevision actor
    Biography

    Mark David Duplass is an American filmmaker, actor, writer, and musician. He is the brother of filmmaker Jay Duplass and together the brothers started the film production company Duplass Brothers Productions in 1996, and have written and directed the films The Puffy Chair (2005), Baghead (2008), Cyrus (2010), Jeff, Who Lives at Home (2011), and The Do-Deca-Pentathlon (2012). Duplass played the role of Pete Eckhart in the FX television series The League (2009–2015). He was also one of the stars of Safety Not Guaranteed (2012) with Aubrey Plaza.

  11. Henry Miller

    Photo
    Henry Miller
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1891-1980 (aged 89)
    Occupations
    writerpainternovelistessayist
    Biography

    Henry Valentine Miller was an American writer and artist. He was known for breaking with existing literary forms and developing a new type of semi-autobiographical novel that blended character study, social criticism, philosophical reflection, stream of consciousness, explicit language, sex, surrealist free association, and mysticism. His most characteristic works of this kind are Tropic of Cancer, Black Spring, Tropic of Capricorn and The Rosy Crucifixion trilogy, which are based on his experiences in New York and Paris (all of which were banned in the United States until 1961). He also wrote travel memoirs and literary criticism, and painted watercolors.

  12. Héctor Elizondo

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    Héctor Elizondo
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1936-.. (age 85)
    Occupations
    stage actorfilm actortelevision actorvoice actorfilm producer
    Biography

    Héctor Elizondo is an American character actor. He is known for playing Phillip Watters in the television series Chicago Hope (1994–2000) and Ed Alzate in the television series Last Man Standing (2011–2021). His film roles include The Taking of Pelham One Two Three (1974), American Gigolo (1980), Leviathan (1989), Pretty Woman (1990), Beverly Hills Cop III (1994), Runaway Bride (1999), The Princess Diaries (2001), and Valentine's Day (2010).

  13. Sheldon Adelson

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    Sheldon Adelson
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1933-.. (age 88)
    Occupations
    entrepreneurfinancierbusinesspersonchief executive officer
    Biography

    Sheldon Gary Adelson was an American businessman, investor, political donor and philanthropist. He was the founder, chairman and chief executive officer of Las Vegas Sands Corporation, which owns the Marina Bay Sands in Singapore, and the parent company of Venetian Macao Limited, which operates The Venetian Las Vegas and the Sands Expo and Convention Center. He owned the Israeli daily newspaper Israel Hayom, the Israeli weekly newspaper Makor Rishon, and the American daily newspaper the Las Vegas Review-Journal.

  14. Mario Puzo

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    Mario Puzo
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1920-1999 (aged 79)
    Occupations
    novelistscreenwriterwriterscience fiction writerdiplomat
    Biography

    Mario Gianluigi Puzo was an American author, screenwriter, and journalist of Italian descent. He is known for his crime novels about the Italian-American Mafia and Sicilian Mafia, most notably The Godfather (1969), which he later co-adapted into a film trilogy directed by Francis Ford Coppola. He received the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay for the first film in 1972 and for Part II in 1974. Puzo also wrote the original screenplay for the 1978 Superman film and its 1980 sequel. His final novel, The Family, was released posthumously in 2001.

  15. Edward G. Robinson

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    Edward G. Robinson
    Born in
    Romania Flag Romania
    Years
    1893-1973 (aged 80)
    Occupations
    film actorart collectorcharacter actorstage actortelevision actor
    Biography

    Edward G. Robinson was a Romanian-born American actor of stage and screen during Hollywood's Golden Age. He appeared in 30 Broadway plays and more than 100 films during a 50-year career and is best remembered for his tough-guy roles as gangsters in such films as Little Caesar and Key Largo.

  16. Jonas Salk

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    Jonas Salk
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1914-1995 (aged 81)
    Occupations
    physicianbiologistepidemiologistinventorvirologist
    Biography

    Jonas Edward Salk was an American virologist and medical researcher who developed one of the first successful polio vaccines. He was born in New York City and attended the City College of New York and New York University School of Medicine.

  17. Richard Schiff

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    Richard Schiff
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1955-.. (age 66)
    Occupations
    actorstage actortelevision actorfilm actor
    Biography

    Richard Schiff is an American actor and director. He is best known for playing Toby Ziegler on The West Wing, a role for which he received an Emmy Award. Schiff made his directorial debut with The West Wing, directing an episode titled "Talking Points". He is on the National Advisory Board of the Council for a Livable World. He had a recurring role on the HBO series Ballers. Since September 2017 he has had a leading role in ABC's medical drama The Good Doctor, as Dr. Aaron Glassman, president of a fictional teaching hospital in San Jose, California.

  18. Upton Sinclair

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    Upton Sinclair
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1878-1968 (aged 90)
    Occupations
    journalistnovelistfilm producerwriteropinion journalist
    Biography

    Upton Beall Sinclair Jr. was an American writer, political activist and the 1934 Democratic Party nominee for Governor of California who wrote nearly 100 books and other works in several genres. Sinclair's work was well known and popular in the first half of the 20th century, and he won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1943.

  19. Ed Koch

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    Ed Koch
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1924-2013 (aged 89)
    Occupations
    politicianlawyerwriterjudgefilm critic
    Biography

    Edward Irving Koch was an American politician, lawyer, political commentator, film critic, and television personality. He served in the United States House of Representatives from 1969 to 1977 and was mayor of New York City from 1978 to 1989.

  20. Ross Martin

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    Ross Martin
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1920-1981 (aged 61)
    Occupations
    film actorstage actortelevision actor
    Biography

    Ross Martin was an American radio, voice, stage, film and television actor. Martin was best known for portraying Artemus Gordon on the CBS Western series The Wild Wild West, which aired from 1965 to 1969. He was the voice of Doctor Paul Williams in 1972's Sealab 2020, additional characters in 1973's Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kids, and additional character voices in 1978's Jana of the Jungle.

  21. Hal Linden

    Photo
    Hal Linden
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1931-.. (age 90)
    Occupations
    jazz musicianstage actorfilm actortelevision actorvoice actor
    Biography

    Hal Linden is an American stage and screen actor, television director and musician.

  22. Herman Hollerith

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    Herman Hollerith
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1860-1929 (aged 69)
    Enrolled in CUNY City College
    Studied in 1879
    Occupations
    inventorbusinesspersonengineerstatisticianmathematician
    Biography

    Herman Hollerith was an American businessman, inventor, and statistician who developed an electromechanical tabulating machine for punched cards to assist in summarizing information and, later, in accounting. His invention of the punched card tabulating machine, patented in 1884, marks the beginning of the era of mechanized binary code and semiautomatic data processing systems, and his concept dominated that landscape for nearly a century.

  23. Alfred Stieglitz

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    Alfred Stieglitz
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1864-1946 (aged 82)
    Occupations
    photographercuratorpublisherwriter
    Biography

    Alfred Stieglitz was an American photographer and modern art promoter who was instrumental over his 50-year career in making photography an accepted art form. In addition to his photography, Stieglitz was known for the New York art galleries that he ran in the early part of the 20th century, where he introduced many avant-garde European artists to the U.S. He was married to painter Georgia O'Keeffe.

  24. Daniel Patrick Moynihan

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    Daniel Patrick Moynihan
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1927-2003 (aged 76)
    Enrolled in CUNY City College
    Studied in 1943
    Occupations
    politicianmilitary personneldiplomatsociologistwriter
    Biography

    Daniel Patrick "Pat" Moynihan was an American politician, sociologist, and diplomat. A member of the Democratic Party, he represented New York in the United States Senate and served as an adviser to Republican U.S. President Richard Nixon.

  25. Zero Mostel

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    Zero Mostel
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1915-1977 (aged 62)
    Occupations
    film actorstage actorvoice actortelevision actor
    Biography

    Samuel Joel "Zero" Mostel was an American actor, comedian, and singer. He is best known for his portrayal of comic characters such as Tevye on stage in Fiddler on the Roof, Pseudolus on stage and on screen in A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum, and Max Bialystock in the original film version of Mel Brooks' The Producers (1967). Mostel was a student of Don Richardson, and he used an acting technique based on muscle memory. He was blacklisted during the 1950s; his testimony before the House Un-American Activities Committee was well publicized. Mostel later starred in the Hollywood Blacklist drama film The Front (1976) alongside Woody Allen, for which Mostel was nominated for the British Academy Film Award for Best Supporting Actor.

  26. Bernard Baruch

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    Bernard Baruch
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1870-1965 (aged 95)
    Occupations
    stockbrokerpoliticianentrepreneurfinanciereconomist
    Biography

    Bernard Mannes Baruch was an American financier and statesman.

  27. Andrew Grove

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    Andrew Grove
    Born in
    Hungary Flag Hungary
    Years
    1936-2016 (aged 80)
    Occupations
    engineerentrepreneurcomputer scientistwriter
    Biography

    Andrew Stephen Grove was a Hungarian-American businessman, engineer, and CEO of Intel Corporation. He escaped from Communist-controlled Hungary at the age of 20 and moved to the United States, where he finished his education. He was the third employee and eventual third CEO of Intel, transforming the company into the world's largest semiconductor company.

  28. Leonard Susskind

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    Leonard Susskind
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1940-.. (age 81)
    Occupations
    physicistscientistacademicnon-fiction writeruniversity teacher
    Biography

    Leonard Susskind is an American physicist, who is a professor of theoretical physics at Stanford University, and founding director of the Stanford Institute for Theoretical Physics. His research interests include string theory, quantum field theory, quantum statistical mechanics and quantum cosmology. He is a member of the US National Academy of Sciences, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, an associate member of the faculty of Canada's Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, and a distinguished professor of the Korea Institute for Advanced Study.

  29. Bob Kahn

    Photo
    Bob Kahn
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1938-.. (age 83)
    Enrolled in CUNY City College
    In 1960 graduated with bachelor's degree in electrical engineering
    Occupations
    computer scientistinventorelectrical engineerpatent inventorengineer
    Biography

    Robert Elliot Kahn is an American electrical engineer, who, along with Vint Cerf, first proposed the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and the Internet Protocol (IP), the fundamental communication protocols at the heart of the Internet.

  30. Butterfly McQueen

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    Butterfly McQueen
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1911-1995 (aged 84)
    Occupations
    actordancerstage actortelevision actorfilm actor
    Biography

    Butterfly McQueen was an American actress. Originally a dancer, McQueen first appeared in films as Prissy in Gone with the Wind (1939). She was unable to attend the movie's premiere because it was held at a whites-only theater. Often typecast as a maid, she said: "I didn't mind playing a maid the first time, because I thought that was how you got into the business. But after I did the same thing over and over, I resented it. I didn't mind being funny, but I didn't like being stupid." She continued as an actress in film in the 1940s, and then moved to television acting in the 1950s. She won a 1980 Daytime Emmy Award for her performance in the ABC Afterschool Special.

  31. Dick Miller

    Photo
    Dick Miller
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1928-2019 (aged 91)
    Occupations
    actorvoice actorscreenwritercharacter actortelevision actor
    Biography

    Richard Miller was an American character actor who appeared in more than 180 films, including many produced by Roger Corman. He later appeared in the films of directors who began their careers with Corman, including Joe Dante, James Cameron, and Martin Scorsese, with the distinction of appearing in every film directed by Dante. He was known for playing the beleaguered everyman, often in one-scene appearances. Miller's main roles in films included Gremlins, Gremlins 2: The New Batch, Explorers, Piranha, The Howling, A Bucket of Blood, The Little Shop of Horrors, Not of This Earth, Chopping Mall, Night of the Creeps, The Terminator, The 'Burbs, Small Soldiers and Quake.

  32. Kenneth Arrow

    Photo
    Kenneth Arrow
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1921-2017 (aged 96)
    Occupations
    economistprofessorstatisticianteacherpolitical scientist
    Biography

    Kenneth Joseph Arrow was an American economist, mathematician, writer, and political theorist. He was the joint winner of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences with John Hicks in 1972.

  33. Jackie Mason

    Photo
    Jackie Mason
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1931-.. (age 90)
    Occupations
    rabbivoice actorstage actorfilm actorscreenwriter
    Biography

    Jackie Mason is an American stand-up comedian and film and television actor. He is ranked No. 63 on Comedy Central's 100 greatest stand-up comedians of all-time.

  34. A. Philip Randolph

    Photo
    A. Philip Randolph
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1889-1979 (aged 90)
    Occupations
    politiciansocialistcivil rights advocatetrade unionist
    Biography

    Asa Philip Randolph was an American labor unionist, civil rights activist, and socialist politician.

  35. George Friedman

    Photo
    George Friedman
    Born in
    Hungary Flag Hungary
    Years
    1949-.. (age 72)
    Occupations
    geopoliticianpolitical scientistwriterbusinessperson
    Biography

    George Friedman is a Hungarian-born U.S. geopolitical forecaster, and strategist on international affairs. He is the founder and chairman of Geopolitical Futures, an online publication that analyzes and forecasts the course of global events. Prior to founding Geopolitical Futures, he was chairman of its predecessor Stratfor, the private intelligence publishing and consulting firm he founded in 1996.

  36. Felix Frankfurter

    Photo
    Felix Frankfurter
    Born in
    Austria Flag Austria
    Years
    1882-1965 (aged 83)
    Occupations
    lawyerjudgepolitician
    Biography

    Felix Frankfurter was an American lawyer, professor, and jurist who served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Frankfurter served on the Supreme Court from 1939 to 1962 and was a noted advocate of judicial restraint in the judgments of the Court.

  37. Paddy Chayefsky

    Photo
    Paddy Chayefsky
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1923-1981 (aged 58)
    Occupations
    screenwriternovelistplaywrightwriterscience fiction writer
    Biography

    Sidney Aaron "Paddy" Chayefsky was an American playwright, screenwriter and novelist. He is the only person to have won three solo Academy Awards for writing both adapted and original screenplays.

  38. John Marley

    Photo
    John Marley
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1907-1984 (aged 77)
    Occupations
    stage actorfilm actortelevision actor
    Biography

    John Marley was an American actor who was known for his role as Phil Cavalleri in Love Story and as Jack Woltz— the defiant film mogul who awakens to find the severed head of his prized horse in his bed—in The Godfather (1972). He starred in John Cassavetes' feature Faces (1968) and appeared in The Glitter Dome (1984).

  39. Sam Jaffe

    Photo
    Sam Jaffe
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1891-1984 (aged 93)
    Occupations
    actorstage actortelevision actorfilm actorteacher
    Biography

    Shalom "Sam" Jaffe was an American actor, teacher, musician, and engineer. In 1951, he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in The Asphalt Jungle (1950) and appeared in other classic films such as Ben-Hur (1959) and The Day the Earth Stood Still (1951). He is also remembered for other outstanding performances such as the title role in Gunga Din (1939) and the High Lama in Lost Horizon (1937).

  40. Samuel R. Delany

    Photo
    Samuel R. Delany
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1942-.. (age 79)
    Occupations
    writernovelistauthorcartoonistessayist
    Biography

    Samuel R. Delany, nicknamed "Chip", is an American author and literary critic. His work includes fiction (especially science fiction), memoir, criticism and essays on science fiction, literature, sexuality, and society.

  41. Lewis Mumford

    Photo
    Lewis Mumford
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1895-1990 (aged 95)
    Occupations
    architecthistorian of technologyhistoriansociologistscreenwriter
    Biography

    Lewis Mumford was an American historian, sociologist, philosopher of technology, and literary critic. Particularly noted for his study of cities and urban architecture, he had a broad career as a writer. Mumford made signal contributions to social philosophy, American literary and cultural history and the history of technology. Mumford was influenced by the work of Scottish theorist Sir Patrick Geddes and worked closely with his associate the British sociologist Victor Branford.

  42. Larry Cohen

    Photo
    Larry Cohen
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1936-2019 (aged 83)
    Occupations
    film directorfilm producerscreenwriter
    Biography

    Lawrence George Cohen was an American screenwriter, producer, and director of film and television, best known as an author of horror and science fiction films — often containing police procedural and satirical elements — during the 1970s and 1980s, such as It's Alive (1974), God Told Me To (1976), It Lives Again (1978), The Stuff (1985) and A Return to Salem's Lot (1987). He originally emerged as the author of blaxploitation films such as Bone (1972), Black Caesar and Hell Up in Harlem (both 1973). Later on he concentrated mainly on screenwriting, including Phone Booth (2002), Cellular (2004) and Captivity (2007).

  43. Solomon Asch

    Photo
    Solomon Asch
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1907-1996 (aged 89)
    Occupations
    psychologistuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Solomon Eliot Asch was a Polish-American Gestalt psychologist and pioneer in social psychology. He created seminal pieces of work in impression formation, prestige suggestion, conformity, and many other topics. His work follows a common theme of Gestalt psychology that the whole is not only greater than the sum of its parts, but the nature of the whole fundamentally alters the parts. Asch stated: "Most social acts have to be understood in their setting, and lose meaning if isolated. No error in thinking about social facts is more serious than the failure to see their place and function" (Asch, 1952, p. 61). Asch is most well known for his conformity experiments, in which he demonstrated the influence of group pressure on opinions. A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Asch as the 41st most cited psychologist of the 20th century.

  44. Benjamin B. Ferencz

    Photo
    Benjamin B. Ferencz
    Born in
    Romania Flag Romania
    Years
    1920-.. (age 101)
    Occupations
    juristlawyeruniversity teacher
    Biography

    Benjamin Berell Ferencz is an American lawyer. He was an investigator of Nazi war crimes after World War II and the chief prosecutor for the United States Army at the Einsatzgruppen Trial, one of the 12 military trials held by the U.S. authorities at Nuremberg, Germany. Later, he became an advocate for the establishment of an international rule of law and for the establishent of an International Criminal Court. From 1985 to 1996, he was adjunct professor of international law at Pace University.

  45. Leonard Kleinrock

    Photo
    Leonard Kleinrock
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1934-.. (age 87)
    Enrolled in CUNY City College
    1951-1957 graduated with Bachelor of Electrical Engineering
    Occupations
    mathematiciancomputer scientistpatent inventorprofessor
    Biography

    Leonard Kleinrock is an American computer scientist. A professor at UCLA's Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science, he made several important contributions to the field of computer science, in particular to the theoretical foundations of data communication in computer networking.

  46. Walter Mosley

    Photo
    Walter Mosley
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1952-.. (age 69)
    Occupations
    film producernovelistwriterscreenwriterplaywright
    Biography

    Walter Ellis Mosley is an American novelist, most widely recognized for his crime fiction. He has written a series of best-selling historical mysteries featuring the hard-boiled detective Easy Rawlins, a black private investigator living in the Watts neighborhood of Los Angeles, California; they are perhaps his most popular works. In 2020, Mosley received the National Book Foundation Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters, making him the first black male to receive the honor.

  47. Rosalind Cash

    Photo
    Rosalind Cash
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1938-1995 (aged 57)
    Occupations
    actorstage actortelevision actorfilm actor
    Biography

    Rosalind Theresa Cash was an American actress, voice artist, and singer. Her best-known film role is in the 1971 science-fiction film The Omega Man. Cash also had another notable role as Mary Mae Ward in ABC's General Hospital, a role she portrayed from 1994 until her death in 1995.

  48. Bernard Malamud

    Photo
    Bernard Malamud
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1914-1986 (aged 72)
    Occupations
    writernovelistscreenwriteruniversity teacher
    Biography

    Bernard Malamud was an American novelist and short story writer. Along with Saul Bellow, Joseph Heller, and Philip Roth, he was one of the best known American Jewish authors of the 20th century. His baseball novel, The Natural, was adapted into a 1984 film starring Robert Redford. His 1966 novel The Fixer (also filmed), about antisemitism in the Russian Empire, won both the National Book Award and the Pulitzer Prize.

  49. Julian Schwinger

    Photo
    Julian Schwinger
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1918-1994 (aged 76)
    Occupations
    university teachernon-fiction writermathematiciantheoretical physicistnuclear physicist
    Biography

    Julian Seymour Schwinger was a Nobel Prize winning American theoretical physicist. He is best known for his work on quantum electrodynamics (QED), in particular for developing a relativistically invariant perturbation theory, and for renormalizing QED to one loop order. Schwinger was a physics professor at several universities.

  50. Maurice Ashley

    Photo
    Maurice Ashley
    Born in
    Jamaica Flag Jamaica
    Years
    1966-.. (age 55)
    Occupations
    chess playernon-fiction writer
    Biography

    Maurice Ashley is a Jamaican-American chess grandmaster, author, and commentator. In 1999 he earned the grandmaster title (GM), making him the first black person to attain the title of grandmaster.

  51. Andy Mineo

    Photo
    Andy Mineo
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1988-.. (age 33)
    Occupations
    rapperrecord producercomposertelevision director
    Biography

    Andrew Aaron Mineo, is an American Christian hip hop artist, producer, music executive, and video director based in New York City. He is signed to Reach Records and his creative initiative Miner League. In addition to his solo work, he is a member of Reach Records' hip hop collective 116 Clique.

  52. Robert Aumann

    Photo
    Robert Aumann
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1930-.. (age 91)
    Occupations
    mathematicianeconomistpedagogueprofessor
    Biography

    Robert John Aumann is an Israeli-American mathematician, and a member of the United States National Academy of Sciences. He is a professor at the Center for the Study of Rationality in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel. He also holds a visiting position at Stony Brook University, and is one of the founding members of the Stony Brook Center for Game Theory.

  53. David Wechsler

    Photo
    David Wechsler
    Born in
    Romania Flag Romania
    Years
    1896-1981 (aged 85)
    Occupations
    psychologistuniversity teacher
    Biography

    David Wechsler was a Romanian-American psychologist. He developed well-known intelligence scales, such as the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC). A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Wechsler as the 51st most cited psychologist of the 20th century.

  54. Daniel Bell

    Photo
    Daniel Bell
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1919-2011 (aged 92)
    Occupations
    sociologistwriteruniversity teacherjournalistcomputer scientist
    Biography

    Daniel Bell was an American sociologist, writer, editor, and professor at Harvard University, best known for his contributions to the study of post-industrialism. He has been described as "one of the leading American intellectuals of the postwar era". His three best known works are The End of Ideology, The Coming of Post-Industrial Society, and The Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism.

  55. Irving Kristol

    Photo
    Irving Kristol
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1920-2009 (aged 89)
    Occupations
    historiansociologistpublisherjournalistpolitician
    Biography

    Irving Kristol was an American journalist who was dubbed the "godfather of neoconservatism". As a founder, editor, and contributor to various magazines, he played an influential role in the intellectual and political culture of the last half of the twentieth century. After his death, he was described by The Daily Telegraph as being "perhaps the most consequential public intellectual of the latter half of the century".

  56. Abraham Beame

    Photo
    Abraham Beame
    Born in
    United Kingdom Flag United Kingdom
    Years
    1906-2001 (aged 95)
    Occupations
    politician
    Biography

    Abraham David Beame was the 104th mayor of New York City from 1974 to 1977. As mayor, he presided over the city during its fiscal crisis of the mid-1970s, when the city was almost forced to declare bankruptcy.

  57. Leon M. Lederman

    Photo
    Leon M. Lederman
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1922-2018 (aged 96)
    Occupations
    physicistuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Leon Max Lederman was an American experimental physicist who received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1988, along with Melvin Schwartz and Jack Steinberger, for research on neutrinos. He also received the Wolf Prize in Physics in 1982, along with Martin Lewis Perl, for research on quarks and leptons. Lederman was director emeritus of Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) in Batavia, Illinois. He founded the Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy, in Aurora, Illinois in 1986, where he was Resident Scholar Emeritus from 2012 until his death in 2018.

  58. Michael Parenti

    Photo
    Michael Parenti
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1933-.. (age 88)
    Occupations
    political scientisthistorianjournalist
    Biography

    Michael John Parenti is an American political scientist, academic historian and cultural critic who writes on scholarly and popular subjects. He has taught at American and international universities and has been a guest lecturer before campus and community audiences.

  59. Alexander Lowen

    Photo
    Alexander Lowen
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1910-2008 (aged 98)
    Enrolled in CUNY City College
    In 1930 graduated with Bachelor of Science
    Occupations
    psychotherapist
    Biography

    Alexander Lowen was an American physician and psychotherapist.

  60. Arno Allan Penzias

    Photo
    Arno Allan Penzias
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1933-.. (age 88)
    Occupations
    astronomerphysicist
    Biography

    Arno Allan Penzias is an American physicist, radio astronomer and Nobel laureate in physics. Along with Robert Woodrow Wilson, he discovered the cosmic microwave background radiation, which helped establish the Big Bang theory of cosmology.

  61. Arthur Kornberg

    Photo
    Arthur Kornberg
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1918-2007 (aged 89)
    Occupations
    physicianbiochemistacademicuniversity teachernon-fiction writer
    Biography

    Arthur Kornberg was an American biochemist who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1959 for his discovery of "the mechanisms in the biological synthesis of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)" together with Dr. Severo Ochoa of New York University. He was also awarded the Paul-Lewis Award in Enzyme Chemistry from the American Chemical Society in 1951, L.H.D. degree from Yeshiva University in 1962, as well as National Medal of Science in 1979. In 1991, Kornberg received the Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement and the Gairdner Foundation Award in 1995.

  62. William Klein

    Photo
    William Klein
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1928-.. (age 93)
    Occupations
    photographerfilmmakerfilm directorfashion photographer
    Biography

    William Klein is an American-born French photographer and filmmaker noted for his ironic approach to both media and his extensive use of unusual photographic techniques in the context of photojournalism and fashion photography. He was ranked 25th on Professional Photographer's list of 100 most influential photographers.

  63. William Lombardy

    Photo
    William Lombardy
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1937-2017 (aged 80)
    Occupations
    chess playernon-fiction writerpriesttheologian
    Biography

    William James Joseph Lombardy was an American chess grandmaster, chess writer, teacher, and former Catholic priest. He was one of the leading American chess players during the 1950s and 1960s, and a contemporary of Bobby Fischer, whom he coached during the World Chess Championship 1972. He won the World Junior Championship in 1957, the only person to win that tournament with a perfect score. Lombardy led the U.S. Student Team to Gold in the 1960 World Student Team Championship in Leningrad.

  64. John O'Keefe

    Photo
    John O'Keefe
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    2008-.. (age 13)
    Occupations
    neurologistuniversity teacherpsychologist
    Biography

    John O'Keefe, is an American-British neuroscientist, psychologist and a professor at the Sainsbury Wellcome Centre for Neural Circuits and Behaviour and the Research Department of Cell and Developmental Biology at University College London. He discovered place cells in the hippocampus, and that they show a specific kind of temporal coding in the form of theta phase precession. He shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2014, together with May-Britt Moser and Edvard Moser; he has received several other awards. He has worked at the University College London for his entire career, but also held a part-time chair at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology at the behest of his Norwegian collaborators, the Mosers.

  65. Ray Simpson

    Photo
    Ray Simpson
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1954-.. (age 67)
    Occupations
    singeractor
    Biography

    Ray Simpson is an American singer best known as a former lead singer and "Cop" of the disco super-group Village People, having been in that role for over 30 years. In August 1979, he replaced original lead singer, Victor Willis as the Cop, a role he would fill until 1982, and again from 1987 until Willis' return in 2017. Simpson had been doing backup singing for Village People in its first years, which is why he was recruited (on very short notice) to join the group when Willis left.

  66. Red Holzman

    Photo
    Red Holzman
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1920-1998 (aged 78)
    Occupations
    basketball playerbasketball coachcoach
    Biography

    William "Red" Holzman was an American professional basketball player and coach. He is best known as the head coach of the New York Knicks of the National Basketball Association (NBA) from 1967 to 1982. Holzman helped lead the Knicks to two NBA Championships in 1970 and 1973, and was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame in 1986. In 1996, Holzman was named one of the Top 10 Coaches in NBA History.

  67. Robert Hofstadter

    Photo
    Robert Hofstadter
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1915-1990 (aged 75)
    Occupations
    physicistnuclear physicistuniversity teacherastrophysicist
    Biography

    Robert Hofstadter was an American physicist. He was the joint winner of the 1961 Nobel Prize in Physics (together with Rudolf Mössbauer) "for his pioneering studies of electron scattering in atomic nuclei and for his consequent discoveries concerning the structure of nucleons".

  68. Faith Ringgold

    Photo
    Faith Ringgold
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1930-.. (age 91)
    Enrolled in CUNY City College
    In 1959 graduated with Master of Arts
    Occupations
    paintervisual artistillustratortextile artist
    Biography

    Faith Ringgold is an American painter, writer, mixed media sculptor, and performance artist, best known for her narrative quilts.

  69. Julie Bovasso

    Photo
    Julie Bovasso
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1930-1991 (aged 61)
    Enrolled in CUNY City College
    Studied in 1948-1951
    Occupations
    actorplaywrightstage actortelevision actorwriter
    Biography

    Julia Anne Bovasso was an American actress of stage, screen, and television.

  70. Alphonse Mouzon

    Photo
    Alphonse Mouzon
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1948-2016 (aged 68)
    Occupations
    jazz musicianactorcomposer
    Biography

    Alphonse Lee Mouzon was an American jazz fusion drummer and the owner of Tenacious Records, a label that primarily released Mouzon's recordings. He was a composer, arranger, producer, and actor. He gained popularity in the late 1960s and early 1970s. His cute track called Lullaby for Little Alphonso was a big hit in the Philippines during the Jazz Fusion era when it was selected as the main background music for the "Little Miss Philippines" - a beauty and talent contest for little girls which ran for several years in a popular noontime show.

  71. Ned Glass

    Photo
    Ned Glass
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1906-1984 (aged 78)
    Occupations
    actortelevision actorstage actorfilm actor
    Biography

    Nusyn "Ned" Glass was a Polish-born American character actor who appeared in more than eighty films and on television more than one hundred times, frequently playing nervous, cowardly, or deceitful characters. Short and bald, with a slight hunch to his shoulders, he was immediately recognizable by his distinct appearance, his nasal voice, and his pronounced New York City accent.

  72. George Koval

    Photo
    George Koval
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1913-2006 (aged 93)
    Occupations
    chemistuniversity teacher
    Biography

    George Abramovich Koval was an American who acted as a Soviet intelligence officer for the Soviet atomic bomb project. Koval's infiltration of the Manhattan Project as a GRU (Soviet military intelligence) agent reduced the time it took for Russia to develop nuclear weapons.

  73. Morton Sobell

    Photo
    Morton Sobell
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1917-2018 (aged 101)
    Occupations
    engineerspy
    Biography

    Morton Sobell was an American engineer who is known for having been convicted of spying for the Soviet Union when it was an ally of the United States during late World War II; he was charged as part of a conspiracy said to include Julius Rosenberg and his wife, and others. Sobell worked on military and government contracts with General Electric and Reeves Instrument Corporation in the 1940s, including during World War II. Sobell was tried and convicted of espionage in 1951 and sentenced to 30 years in prison.

  74. Jean Toomer

    Photo
    Jean Toomer
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1894-1967 (aged 73)
    Occupations
    poetnovelistwriterplaywright
    Biography

    Jean Toomer was an American poet and novelist commonly associated with the Harlem Renaissance, though he actively resisted the association, and modernism. His reputation stems from his novel Cane (1923), which Toomer wrote during and after a stint as a school principal at a black school in rural Sparta, Georgia. The novel intertwines the stories of six women and includes an apparently autobiographical thread; sociologist Charles S. Johnson called it "the most astonishingly brilliant beginning of any Negro writer of his generation". He resisted being classified as a Negro writer, as he identified as "American". For more than a decade Toomer was an influential follower and representative of the pioneering spiritual teacher G.I. Gurdjieff. Later in life he took up Quakerism.

  75. Mitchell Feigenbaum

    Photo
    Mitchell Feigenbaum
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1944-2019 (aged 75)
    Occupations
    mathematicianphysicistuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Mitchell Jay Feigenbaum was an American mathematical physicist whose pioneering studies in chaos theory led to the discovery of the Feigenbaum constants.

  76. Persi Diaconis

    Photo
    Persi Diaconis
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1945-.. (age 76)
    Occupations
    mathematicianstatisticianmagicianacademicuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Persi Warren Diaconis is an American mathematician of Greek descent and former professional magician. He is a Professor of Statistics and Mathematics at Stanford University.

  77. Michael Kidd

    Photo
    Michael Kidd
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1915-2007 (aged 92)
    Occupations
    actorfilm directorchoreographertheatrical directordancer
    Biography

    Michael Kidd was an American film and stage choreographer, dancer and actor, whose career spanned five decades, and staged some of the leading Broadway and film musicals of the 1940s and 1950s. Kidd, strongly influenced by Charlie Chaplin and Léonide Massine, was an innovator in what came to be known as the "integrated musical", in which dance movements are integral to the plot.

  78. Reuben Fine

    Photo
    Reuben Fine
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1914-1993 (aged 79)
    Occupations
    chess playerpsychologistacademicnon-fiction writer
    Biography

    Reuben C. Fine was an American chess player, psychologist, university professor, and author of many books on both chess and psychology. He was one of the strongest chess players in the world from the mid-1930s until his retirement from chess in 1951. He was granted the title of International Grandmaster by FIDE in 1950, when titles were introduced.

  79. Julius Axelrod

    Photo
    Julius Axelrod
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1912-2004 (aged 92)
    Occupations
    chemistneuroscientistpharmacologistscientistbiochemist
    Biography

    Julius Axelrod was an American biochemist. He won a share of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1970 along with Bernard Katz and Ulf von Euler. The Nobel Committee honored him for his work on the release and reuptake of catecholamine neurotransmitters, a class of chemicals in the brain that include epinephrine, norepinephrine, and, as was later discovered, dopamine. Axelrod also made major contributions to the understanding of the pineal gland and how it is regulated during the sleep-wake cycle.

  80. Henry Morgenthau

    Photo
    Henry Morgenthau
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1856-1946 (aged 90)
    Occupations
    entrepreneurdiplomatlawyer
    Biography

    Henry Morgenthau was a German-born American lawyer and businessman, best known for his role as the ambassador to the Ottoman Empire during the First World War. Morgenthau was one of the most prominent Americans who spoke about the Armenian genocide of which he stated, "I am firmly convinced that this is the greatest crime of the ages".

  81. Norman Spinrad

    Photo
    Norman Spinrad
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1940-.. (age 81)
    Occupations
    writernovelistscreenwriterscience fiction writertrade unionist
    Biography

    Norman Richard Spinrad is an American science fiction author, essayist, and critic. His fiction has won the Prix Apollo and been nominated for numerous awards, including the Hugo Award and multiple Nebula Awards.

  82. Mordecai Kaplan

    Photo
    Mordecai Kaplan
    Born in
    Lithuania Flag Lithuania
    Years
    1881-1983 (aged 102)
    Occupations
    essayistrabbitranslatorphilosopherdiarist
    Biography

    Mordecai Menahem Kaplan, was a rabbi, essayist and Jewish educator and the co-founder of Reconstructionist Judaism along with his son-in-law Ira Eisenstein.

  83. Marvin Kalb

    Photo
    Marvin Kalb
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1930-.. (age 91)
    Occupations
    television presenterjournalistnews presenter
    Biography

    Marvin Leonard Kalb is an American journalist. Kalb was the founding director of the Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy and Edward R. Murrow Professor of Press and Public Policy from 1987 to 1999. The Shorenstein Center and the Kennedy School are part of Harvard University. He is currently a James Clark Welling Fellow at George Washington University and a member of the Atlantic Community Advisory Board. He is a guest scholar in Foreign Policy at the Brookings Institution.

  84. Edward Kasner

    Photo
    Edward Kasner
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1878-1955 (aged 77)
    Enrolled in CUNY City College
    1891-1896 graduated with Bachelor of Arts
    Occupations
    mathematician
    Biography

    Edward Kasner was a prominent American mathematician who was appointed Tutor on Mathematics in the Columbia University Mathematics Department. Kasner was the first Jew appointed to a faculty position in the sciences at Columbia University. Subsequently, he became an adjunct professor in 1906, and a full professor in 1910, at the university. Differential geometry was his main field of study. In addition to introducing the term "googol", he is known also for the Kasner metric and the Kasner polygon.

  85. George Washington Goethals

    Photo
    George Washington Goethals
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1858-1928 (aged 70)
    Occupations
    military officercivil engineerengineer
    Biography

    George Washington Goethals was a United States Army General and civil engineer, best known for his administration and supervision of the construction and the opening of the Panama Canal. He was the State Engineer of New Jersey and the Acting Quartermaster General of the United States Army.

  86. Robert Ferdinand Wagner

    Photo
    Robert Ferdinand Wagner
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1877-1953 (aged 76)
    Enrolled in CUNY City College
    Studied in 1898
    Occupations
    politicianjudgelawyer
    Biography

    Robert Ferdinand Wagner I was an American politician. He was a Democratic U.S. Senator from New York from 1927 to 1949.

  87. John Johnson

    Photo
    John Johnson
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1938-.. (age 83)
    Occupations
    reportertelevision presenterfilmmaker
    Biography

    John Johnson is an American television anchorman, senior correspondent, documentary filmmaker and artist. He was a reporter on New York City television news for many years.

  88. Emil Leon Post

    Photo
    Emil Leon Post
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1897-1954 (aged 57)
    Enrolled in CUNY City College
    Studied in 1917
    Occupations
    mathematicianphilosopherlogicianuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Emil Leon Post was a Polish-born American mathematician and logician. He is best known for his work in the field that eventually became known as computability theory.

  89. William Gibson

    Photo
    William Gibson
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1914-2008 (aged 94)
    Occupations
    screenwriterwriterplaywrightpoetnovelist
    Biography

    William Gibson was an American playwright and novelist. He won the Tony Award for Best Play for The Miracle Worker in 1959, which he later adapted for the film version in 1962.

  90. Ben Shneiderman

    Photo
    Ben Shneiderman
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1947-.. (age 74)
    Occupations
    computer scientistengineeruniversity teacher
    Biography

    Ben Shneiderman is an American computer scientist, a Distinguished University Professor in the University of Maryland Department of Computer Science, which is part of the University of Maryland College of Computer, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences at the University of Maryland, College Park, and the founding director (1983-2000) of the University of Maryland Human-Computer Interaction Lab. He conducted fundamental research in the field of human–computer interaction, developing new ideas, methods, and tools such as the direct manipulation interface, and his eight rules of design.

  91. Gail Carson Levine

    Photo
    Gail Carson Levine
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1947-.. (age 74)
    Occupations
    writerchildren's writer
    Biography

    Gail Carson Levine is an Russian American author of young adult books. Her second novel, Ella Enchanted, received a Newbery Honor in 1998.

  92. Daniel Goldin

    Photo
    Daniel Goldin
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1940-.. (age 81)
    Occupations
    engineerpoliticianbusinessperson
    Biography

    Daniel Saul Goldin served as the 9th and longest-tenured Administrator of NASA from April 1, 1992, to November 17, 2001. He was appointed by President George H. W. Bush and also served under Presidents Bill Clinton and George W. Bush.

  93. Irving Howe

    Photo
    Irving Howe
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1920-1993 (aged 73)
    Occupations
    historianwriteruniversity teacherliterary criticjournalist
    Biography

    Irving Howe was an American literary and social critic and a prominent figure of the Democratic Socialists of America.

  94. Herbert A. Hauptman

    Photo
    Herbert A. Hauptman
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1917-2011 (aged 94)
    Occupations
    mathematicianchemistuniversity teacherscientistcrystallographer
    Biography

    Herbert Aaron Hauptman was an American mathematician and Nobel laureate. He pioneered and developed a mathematical method that has changed the whole field of chemistry and opened a new era in research in determination of molecular structures of crystallized materials. Today, Hauptman's direct methods, which he continued to improve and refine, are routinely used to solve complicated structures. It was the application of this mathematical method to a wide variety of chemical structures that led the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to name Hauptman and Jerome Karle recipients of the 1985 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

  95. Jerome Karle

    Photo
    Jerome Karle
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1918-2013 (aged 95)
    Occupations
    chemistuniversity teachercrystallographer
    Biography

    Jerome Karle was an American physical chemist. Jointly with Herbert A. Hauptman, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1985, for the direct analysis of crystal structures using X-ray scattering techniques.

  96. Jesse Douglas

    Photo
    Jesse Douglas
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1897-1965 (aged 68)
    Enrolled in CUNY City College
    Studied in 1916
    Occupations
    mathematicianuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Jesse Douglas was an American mathematician and Fields Medalist known for his general solution to Plateau's problem.

  97. Steve Lappas

    Photo
    Steve Lappas
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1954-.. (age 67)
    Occupations
    basketball playerbasketball coach
    Biography

    Stephan Thomas Lappas is an American former college basketball coach. He coached at Manhattan (1988–1992), Villanova (1992–2001) and UMass (2001–2005), compiling a 280–237 (.542) record over a 17-year coaching career. He is currently a basketball color commentator and studio analyst for CBS Sports Network.

  98. Arno J. Mayer

    Photo
    Arno J. Mayer
    Born in
    Luxembourg Flag Luxembourg
    Years
    1926-.. (age 95)
    Occupations
    historian of the modern agehistorianuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Arno Joseph Mayer is an American historian who specializes in modern Europe, diplomatic history, and the Holocaust, and is currently the Dayton-Stockton Professor of History, Emeritus, at Princeton University.

  99. Oscar Hijuelos

    Photo
    Oscar Hijuelos
    Born in
    United States Flag United States
    Years
    1951-2013 (aged 62)
    Occupations
    novelistwriter
    Biography

    Oscar Jerome Hijuelos was an American novelist.

  100. Joseph Goldberger

    Photo
    Joseph Goldberger
    Born in
    Slovakia Flag Slovakia
    Years
    1874-1929 (aged 55)
    Occupations
    epidemiologistphysician
    Biography

    Joseph Goldberger was an American physician and epidemiologist in the United States Public Health Service (PHS). As a public health official, he was an advocate for scientific and social recognition of the links between poverty and disease. He was nominated four times for the Nobel Prize for his important work on the link between pellagra and poor diet.