100 Notable alumni of
Polytechnic School

Polytechnic School is 81st in the world, 25th in Europe, and 3rd in France by aggregated alumni prominence. Below is the list of 100 notable alumni from Polytechnic School sorted by their wiki pages popularity. The directory includes famous graduates and former students along with research and academic staff. 7 individuals affiliated with Polytechnic School won Nobel Prizes in Physics, Literature, and Economics.

  1. Bernard Arnault

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    Bernard Arnault
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1949-.. (age 72)
    Occupations
    art collectorbusinesspersonentrepreneurengineer
    Biography

    Bernard Jean Étienne Arnault is a French investor, businessman and art collector. He is the chairman and chief executive of LVMH Moët Hennessy – Louis Vuitton SE, the world's largest luxury goods company. A centibillionaire, Arnault is one of the wealthiest men in the world according to recent Forbes report.

  2. Carlos Ghosn

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    Carlos Ghosn
    Born in
    Brazil Flag Brazil
    Years
    1954-.. (age 67)
    Occupations
    business executivewriterengineer
    Biography

    Carlos Ghosn is a Lebanese, Brazilian-born businessman. Ghosn also holds French and Lebanese nationality. As of January 2020, he is an internationally wanted fugitive. Ghosn was the CEO of Michelin North America, chairman and CEO of Renault, chairman of AvtoVAZ, chairman and CEO of Nissan, and chairman of Mitsubishi Motors. Ghosn was also the chairman and CEO of the Renault–Nissan–Mitsubishi Alliance, a strategic partnership among those automotive manufacturers through a complex cross-shareholding agreement. The venture has held approximately 10% of the total market share since 2010, and as of 2017, was understood to be the largest automobile group worldwide.

  3. Valéry Giscard d'Estaing

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    Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1926-.. (age 95)
    Occupations
    statesperson
    Biography

    Valéry René Marie Georges Giscard d'Estaing, also known as Giscard or VGE, was a French politician who served as President of France from 1974 to 1981.

  4. Auguste Comte

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    Auguste Comte
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1798-1857 (aged 59)
    Occupations
    philosophersociologist
    Biography

    Isidore Marie Auguste François Xavier Comte was a French philosopher and writer who formulated the doctrine of positivism. He is often regarded as the first philosopher of science in the modern sense of the term. Comte's ideas were also fundamental to the development of sociology; indeed, he invented the term and treated that discipline as the crowning achievement of the sciences.

  5. Alfred Dreyfus

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    Alfred Dreyfus
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1859-1935 (aged 76)
    Occupations
    military personnel
    Biography

    Alfred Dreyfus was a French artillery officer of Jewish ancestry whose trial and conviction in 1894 on charges of treason became one of the most controversial and polarizing political dramas in modern French history. The incident has gone down in history as the Dreyfus Affair, the reverberations from which were felt throughout Europe. It ultimately ended with Dreyfus's complete exoneration.

  6. André-Marie Ampère

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    André-Marie Ampère
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1775-1836 (aged 61)
    Occupations
    physicistmathematicianengineerphilosopher
    Biography

    André-Marie Ampère was a French physicist and mathematician who was one of the founders of the science of classical electromagnetism, which he referred to as "electrodynamics". He is also the inventor of numerous applications, such as the solenoid (a term coined by him) and the electrical telegraph. As an autodidact, Ampère was a member of the French Academy of Sciences and professor at the École polytechnique and the Collège de France.

  7. Henri Poincaré

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    Henri Poincaré
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1854-1912 (aged 58)
    Enrolled in Polytechnic School
    Studied in 1873
    Occupations
    mathematicianphilosopherastronomerphysicistengineer
    Biography

    Jules Henri Poincaré was a French mathematician, theoretical physicist, engineer, and philosopher of science. He is often described as a polymath, and in mathematics as "The Last Universalist", since he excelled in all fields of the discipline as it existed during his lifetime.

  8. Ferdinand Foch

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    Ferdinand Foch
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1851-1929 (aged 78)
    Occupations
    military officer
    Biography

    Ferdinand Foch was a French general and military theorist who served as the Supreme Allied Commander during the First World War. An aggressive, even reckless commander at the First Marne, Flanders and Artois campaigns of 1914–1916, Foch became the Allied Commander-in-Chief in late March 1918 in the face of the all-out German spring offensive, which pushed the Allies back using fresh soldiers and new tactics that trenches could not contain. He successfully coordinated the French, British and American efforts into a coherent whole, deftly handling his strategic reserves. He stopped the German offensive and launched a war-winning counterattack. In November 1918, Marshal Foch accepted the German cessation of hostilities and was present at the Armistice of 11 November 1918.

  9. Benoit Mandelbrot

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    Benoit Mandelbrot
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1924-2010 (aged 86)
    Enrolled in Polytechnic School
    Studied in 1945-1947
    Occupations
    mathematicianeconomistprofessorscientistwriter
    Biography

    Benoit B. Mandelbrot was a Polish-born French-American mathematician and polymath with broad interests in the practical sciences, especially regarding what he labeled as "the art of roughness" of physical phenomena and "the uncontrolled element in life". He referred to himself as a "fractalist" and is recognized for his contribution to the field of fractal geometry, which included coining the word "fractal", as well as developing a theory of "roughness and self-similarity" in nature.

  10. Henri Becquerel

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    Henri Becquerel
    Awards
    Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1852-1908 (aged 56)
    Enrolled in Polytechnic School
    Studied in 1872
    Occupations
    physicistengineeruniversity teachernuclear physicistchemist
    Biography

    Antoine Henri Becquerel was a French engineer, physicist, Nobel laureate, and the first person to discover evidence of radioactivity. For work in this field he, along with Marie Skłodowska-Curie (Marie Curie) and Pierre Curie, received the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics. The SI unit for radioactivity, the becquerel (Bq), is named after him.

  11. Jacques Attali

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    Jacques Attali
    Born in
    Algeria Flag Algeria
    Years
    1943-.. (age 78)
    Enrolled in Polytechnic School
    Studied in 1963-1965
    Occupations
    bankerwriterengineereconomistpolitician
    Biography

    Jacques Attali is a French economic and social theorist, writer, political adviser and senior civil servant, who served as a counselor to President François Mitterrand from 1981 to 1991 and was the first head of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in 1991-1993. In 1997, upon the request of education minister Claude Allègre, he proposed a reform of the higher education degrees system. In 2008-2010, he led the government committee on how to ignite the growth of the French economy, under President Nicolas Sarkozy.

  12. Joseph-Louis Lagrange

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    Joseph-Louis Lagrange
    Born in
    Italy Flag Italy
    Years
    1736-1813 (aged 77)
    Occupations
    mathematicianastronomerphysicistpolitician
    Biography

    Joseph-Louis Lagrange, also reported as Giuseppe Luigi Lagrange or Lagrangia, was an Italian mathematician and astronomer, later naturalized French. He made significant contributions to the fields of analysis, number theory, and both classical and celestial mechanics.

  13. Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet

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    Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1973-.. (age 48)
    Occupations
    politician
    Biography

    Nathalie Geneviève Marie Kosciusko-Morizet, often referred to by her initials NKM, is an engineer, public figure and advocate, having previously had a political career.

  14. Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac

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    Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    23-1850 (aged 1827)
    Occupations
    physicistchemistpoliticianengineeruniversity teacher
    Biography

    Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac was a French chemist and physicist. He is known mostly for his discovery that water is made of two parts hydrogen and one part oxygen (with Alexander von Humboldt), for two laws related to gases, and for his work on alcohol-water mixtures, which led to the degrees Gay-Lussac used to measure alcoholic beverages in many countries.

  15. Augustin-Louis Cauchy

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    Augustin-Louis Cauchy
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1789-1857 (aged 68)
    Occupations
    mathematicianengineerphysicistuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Baron Augustin-Louis Cauchy was a French mathematician, engineer, and physicist who made pioneering contributions to several branches of mathematics, including mathematical analysis and continuum mechanics. He was one of the first to state and rigorously prove theorems of calculus, rejecting the heuristic principle of the generality of algebra of earlier authors. He almost singlehandedly founded complex analysis and the study of permutation groups in abstract algebra.

  16. Patrick Drahi

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    Patrick Drahi
    Born in
    Morocco Flag Morocco
    Years
    1963-.. (age 58)
    Occupations
    business magnate
    Biography

    Patrick Drahi is a French-Israeli billionaire businessman with French, Moroccan, Portuguese, and Israeli citizenship, living in Switzerland since 1999. He is the founder and controlling shareholder of the European based telecom group Altice, listed on the European Euronext Stock Exchange.

  17. Joseph Joffre

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    Joseph Joffre
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1852-1931 (aged 79)
    Occupations
    military personnelmilitary engineer
    Biography

    Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre was a French general who served as Commander-in-Chief of French forces on the Western Front from the start of World War I until the end of 1916. He is best known for regrouping the retreating allied armies to defeat the Germans at the strategically decisive First Battle of the Marne in September 1914.

  18. Nicolas Carnot

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    Nicolas Carnot
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1796-1832 (aged 36)
    Occupations
    mathematicianphysicistmilitary engineerscientistengineer
    Biography

    Sous-lieutenant Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot was a French mechanical engineer in the French Army, military scientist and physicist, and often described as the "father of thermodynamics." Like Copernicus, he published only one book, the Reflections on the Motive Power of Fire (Paris, 1824), in which he expressed, at the age of 27 years, the first successful theory of the maximum efficiency of heat engines. In this work, he laid the foundations of an entirely new discipline: thermodynamics. Carnot's work attracted little attention during his lifetime, but it was later used by Rudolf Clausius and Lord Kelvin to formalize the second law of thermodynamics and define the concept of entropy. His father used the suffix Sadi to name him because of his intense interest in the character of Saadi Shirazi, a well-known Iranian poet. Based on purely technical concerns, such as improving the performance of the steam engine, Sadi Carnot's intellect laid the groundwork for modern science technological designs, such as the automobile or jet engine.

  19. Henry de Lesquen

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    Henry de Lesquen
    Born in
    Morocco Flag Morocco
    Years
    1949-.. (age 72)
    Enrolled in Polytechnic School
    Studied in 1968-1971
    Occupations
    officialpoliticianradio director
    Biography

    Henry de Lesquen is a French politician. A retired official and former radio host, De Lesquen has been the president of the Carrefour de l'Horloge, a national liberal think tank, since 1985. A blogger and YouTuber since the 2010s, he has participated in popularising the concept of "remigration" in France, as well as spreading racialist concepts built on anthropologist Carleton S. Coon's theories.

  20. Serge Dassault

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    Serge Dassault
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1925-2018 (aged 93)
    Occupations
    politicianbusiness executiveentrepreneurpublisherbusinessperson
    Biography

    Serge Dassault was a French engineer, businessman and politician. He was the chairman and chief executive officer of Dassault Group, and a conservative politician. According to Forbes, Dassault's net worth was estimated in 2016 at US$15 billion.

  21. Tidjane Thiam

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    Tidjane Thiam
    Born in
    Ivory Coast Flag Ivory Coast
    Years
    1962-.. (age 59)
    Enrolled in Polytechnic School
    Studied in 1982-1984
    Occupations
    entrepreneurchief executive officer
    Biography

    Tidjane Thiam is an Ivorian banker who was the chief executive officer (CEO) of Swiss bank Credit Suisse from March 2015 to February 2020. He was the chief financial officer of British banking group Prudential from 2007 to 2009, and then its CEO until 2015. In 2019, Thiam became a member of the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The IOC decision came after the 10 nominated people, including Thiam, passed integrity checks.

  22. Albert François Lebrun

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    Albert François Lebrun
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1871-1950 (aged 79)
    Occupations
    politicianengineerentomologist
    Biography

    Albert François Lebrun was a French politician, President of France from 1932 to 1940. He was the last president of the Third Republic. He was a member of the center-right Democratic Republican Alliance (ARD).

  23. Élisabeth Borne

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    Élisabeth Borne
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1961-.. (age 60)
    Enrolled in Polytechnic School
    Studied in 1981
    Occupations
    politicianengineerofficial
    Biography

    Élisabeth Borne is a French politician of La République En Marche! (LREM) who has been serving as Minister of Labour, Employment and Integration in the government of Prime Minister Jean Castex since 2020.

  24. André Citroën

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    André Citroën
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1878-1935 (aged 57)
    Occupations
    entrepreneurindustrialistengineer
    Biography

    André-Gustave Citroën was a French industrialist and the founder of French automaker Citroën. He is remembered chiefly for the make of car named after him, but also for his application of double helical gears.

  25. Jules Brunet

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    Jules Brunet
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1838-1911 (aged 73)
    Occupations
    military officermilitary personnel
    Biography

    Jules Brunet was a French Army officer who played a famous role in the Japanese Boshin War. He was sent to Japan with the French military mission of 1867 and after the defeat of the shōgun had an important role in the Republic of Ezo. He later became a General and Chief of Staff of the French Minister of War in 1898.

  26. Georges Sorel

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    Georges Sorel
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1847-1922 (aged 75)
    Occupations
    philosopherengineersociologistwritertrade unionist
    Biography

    Georges Eugène Sorel was a French social thinker, political theorist, historian, and later journalist. He has inspired theories and movements grouped under the name of Sorelianism. His social and political philosophy owed much to his reading of Proudhon, Karl Marx, Giambattista Vico, Henri Bergson (whose lectures at the Collège de France he attended), and later William James. His notion of the power of myth in collective agency inspired socialists, anarchists, Marxists, and Fascists. Together with his defense of violence, it is the contribution for which he is most often remembered.

  27. François Arago

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    François Arago
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1786-1853 (aged 67)
    Enrolled in Polytechnic School
    Studied in 1803
    Occupations
    astronomermathematicianphysicistpoliticianscientist
    Biography

    Dominique François Jean Arago, known simply as François Arago (French: [fʁɑ̃swa aʁaɡo]; Catalan: Francesc Aragó, IPA: [fɾənˈsɛsk əɾəˈɣo]; 26 February 1786 – 2 October 1853), was a French mathematician, physicist, astronomer, freemason, supporter of the Carbonari revolutionaries and politician.

  28. Sully Prudhomme

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    Sully Prudhomme
    Awards
    Nobel Prize in Literature in 1901
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1839-1907 (aged 68)
    Occupations
    poetwriteressayistdiaristphilosopher
    Biography

    René François Armand Prudhomme (French: [syli pʁydɔm]; 16 March 1839 – 6 September 1907) was a French poet and essayist. He was the first winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1901.

  29. Jean Tirole

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    Jean Tirole
    Awards
    Nobel Prize in Economics in 2014
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1953-.. (age 68)
    Occupations
    economistuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Jean Tirole is a French professor of economics at Toulouse 1 Capitole University. He focuses on industrial organization, game theory, banking and finance, and economics and psychology. In 2014 he was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his analysis of market power and regulation.

  30. Siméon Denis Poisson

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    Siméon Denis Poisson
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1781-1840 (aged 59)
    Occupations
    mathematicianastronomerphysicistuniversity teacherpolitician
    Biography

    Baron Siméon Denis Poisson FRS FRSE was a French mathematician, engineer, and physicist who made many scientific advances.

  31. Gaspard Monge

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    Gaspard Monge
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1746-1818 (aged 72)
    Occupations
    mathematicianpoliticianphysicistuniversity teacherengineer
    Biography

    Gaspard Monge, Comte de Péluse was a French mathematician, commonly presented as the inventor of descriptive geometry, (the mathematical basis of) technical drawing, and the father of differential geometry. During the French Revolution he served as the Minister of the Marine, and was involved in the reform of the French educational system, helping to found the École Polytechnique.

  32. Augustin-Jean Fresnel

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    Augustin-Jean Fresnel
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1788-1827 (aged 39)
    Occupations
    physicistcivil engineerengineer
    Biography

    Augustin-Jean Fresnel was a French civil engineer and physicist whose research in optics led to the almost unanimous acceptance of the wave theory of light, excluding any remnant of Newton's corpuscular theory, from the late 1830s  until the end of the 19th century. He is perhaps better known for inventing the catadioptric (reflective/refractive) Fresnel lens and for pioneering the use of "stepped" lenses to extend the visibility of lighthouses, saving countless lives at sea. The simpler dioptric (purely refractive) stepped lens, first proposed by Count Buffon  and independently reinvented by Fresnel, is used in screen magnifiers and in condenser lenses for overhead projectors.

  33. Marie François Sadi Carnot

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    Marie François Sadi Carnot
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1837-1894 (aged 57)
    Occupations
    politiciancivil engineerengineer
    Biography

    Marie François Sadi Carnot was a French statesman, who served as the President of France from 1887 until his assassination in 1894.

  34. Pierre Schaeffer

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    Pierre Schaeffer
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1910-1995 (aged 85)
    Occupations
    composerradio personalityengineermusicologistmusic pedagogue
    Biography

    Pierre Henri Marie Schaeffer was a French composer, writer, broadcaster, engineer, musicologist and acoustician. His innovative work in both the sciences—particularly communications and acoustics—and the various arts of music, literature and radio presentation after the end of World War II, as well as his anti-nuclear activism and cultural criticism garnered him widespread recognition in his lifetime.

  35. Robert Nivelle

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    Robert Nivelle
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1856-1924 (aged 68)
    Occupations
    military personnel
    Biography

    Robert Georges Nivelle was a French artillery general officer who served in the Boxer Rebellion, and the First World War. Nivelle was a very capable commander and organizer of field artillery at the regimental and divisional levels. In May 1916, he succeeded Philippe Pétain as commander of the French Second Army in the Battle of Verdun, leading counter-offensives that rolled back the German forces in late 1916. During these actions he and General Charles Mangin were already accused of wasting French lives. He gives his name to the Nivelle Offensive.

  36. Jean-Marc Jancovici

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    Jean-Marc Jancovici
    Years
    1962-.. (age 59)
    Enrolled in Polytechnic School
    1981-1984 graduated with diplôme d'ingénieur
    Occupations
    engineerlecturerbusiness executiveconsultant
    Biography

    Jean-Marc Jancovici is a French engineering consultant, energy and climate expert, professor, conference speaker, writer, and independent columnist. He is co-founder and associate at the Carbone 4 consultancy firm, and the founding president of the think-tank The Shift Project.

  37. Jean-Marie Bastien-Thiry

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    Jean-Marie Bastien-Thiry
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1927-1963 (aged 36)
    Occupations
    military engineer
    Biography

    Jean-Marie Bastien-Thiry was a French Air Force lieutenant-colonel and military air-weaponry engineer. He was the creator of the Nord SS.10/SS.11 missiles. He attempted to assassinate French President Charles de Gaulle on 22 August 1962, following de Gaulle's decision to accept Algerian independence. The attack made international headlines. Bastien-Thiry was the last person to be executed by firing squad in France.

  38. Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber

    Photo
    Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1924-2006 (aged 82)
    Occupations
    journalistpoliticianwriter
    Biography

    Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber, often referred to as JJSS, was a French journalist and politician. He co-founded L'Express in 1953 with Françoise Giroud, and then went on to become president of the Radical Party in 1971. He oversaw its transition to the center-right, the party being thereafter known as Parti radical valoisien. He tried to found in 1972 the Reforming Movement with Christian Democrat Jean Lecanuet, with whom he supported Valéry Giscard d'Estaing's conservative candidature to the 1974 presidential election.

  39. Urbain Le Verrier

    Photo
    Urbain Le Verrier
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1811-1877 (aged 66)
    Occupations
    astronomermathematicianpoliticianmeteorologist
    Biography

    Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier FRS HFRSE (French: [yʁbɛ̃ ʒɑ̃ ʒɔzɛf lə vɛʁje]; 11 March 1811 – 23 September 1877) was a French astronomer and mathematician who specialized in celestial mechanics and is best known for predicting the existence and position of Neptune using only mathematics. The calculations were made to explain discrepancies with Uranus's orbit and the laws of Kepler and Newton. Le Verrier sent the coordinates to Johann Gottfried Galle in Berlin, asking him to verify. Galle found Neptune in the same night he received Le Verrier's letter, within 1° of the predicted position. The discovery of Neptune is widely regarded as a dramatic validation of celestial mechanics, and is one of the most remarkable moments of 19th-century science.

  40. Jean Borotra

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    Jean Borotra
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1898-1994 (aged 96)
    Occupations
    tennis playermilitary officer
    Biography

    Jean Laurent Robert Borotra was a French tennis champion. He was one of the famous "Four Musketeers" from his country who dominated tennis in the late 1920s and early 1930s. Borotra was imprisoned in Itter Castle during the latter years of World War II and subsequently fought in the Battle for Castle Itter.

  41. Alexandre-Émile Béguyer de Chancourtois

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    Alexandre-Émile Béguyer de Chancourtois
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1820-1886 (aged 66)
    Enrolled in Polytechnic School
    Studied in 1838
    Occupations
    geologistchemistmineralogistacademic
    Biography

    Alexandre-Émile Béguyer de Chancourtois was a French geologist and mineralogist who was the first to arrange the chemical elements in order of atomic weights, doing so in 1862. De Chancourtois only published his paper, but did not publish his actual graph with the irregular arrangement. Although his publication was significant, it was ignored by chemists as it was written in terms of geology. It was Dmitri Mendeleev's table published in 1869 that became most recognized. De Chancourtois was also a professor of mine surveying, and later geology at the École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris. He also was the Inspector of Mines in Paris, and was widely responsible for implementing many mine safety regulations and laws during the time.

  42. Louis-Eugène Cavaignac

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    Louis-Eugène Cavaignac
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1802-1857 (aged 55)
    Occupations
    politicianmilitary officermilitary personnel
    Biography

    Louis-Eugène Cavaignac was a French general who put down a massive rebellion in Paris in 1848, known as the June Days uprising. This was a four-day riot against the Executive Commission, in which Cavaignac was the newly appointed Minister of War, who soon was granted dictatorial powers in order to suppress the revolt. By adopting ruthless methods, he achieved his objective, though some have claimed that he spent too long preparing for the operation, allowing the mob to strengthen their defences. He was thanked by the Parliament, but failed to be elected President of France, losing heavily to Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte in the 1848 election.

  43. Bruno Mégret

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    Bruno Mégret
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1949-.. (age 72)
    Occupations
    politicianofficial
    Biography

    Bruno Mégret is a former French nationalist politician. He was the leader of the Mouvement National Républicain political party, but retired in 2008 from all political action.

  44. Patrick Pouyanné

    Photo
    Patrick Pouyanné
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1963-.. (age 58)
    Occupations
    entrepreneurbusinesspersonengineer
    Biography

    Patrick Jean Pouyanné is a French engineer who has been serving as chairman and CEO of Total since 2014.

  45. Maurice Allais

    Photo
    Maurice Allais
    Awards
    Nobel Prize in Economics in 1988
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1911-2010 (aged 99)
    Occupations
    economistphysicistengineer
    Biography

    Maurice Félix Charles Allais was a French physicist and economist, the 1988 winner of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences "for his pioneering contributions to the theory of markets and efficient utilization of resources", for Maurice Allais contribution, along with John Hicks (Value and Capital, 1939) and Paul Samuelson (The Foundations of Economic Analysis, 1947), to neoclassical synthesis. They formalize the self-regulation of markets, that Keynes refuted, while reiterating some of his ideas.

  46. Jean-Marc Germain

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    Jean-Marc Germain
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1966-.. (age 55)
    Occupations
    politician
    Biography

    Jean-Marc Germain is a French politician, member of the Socialist Party. He is the cabinet director of Martine Aubry in Socialist Party. Germain is also the husband of Anne Hidalgo, mayor of Paris.

  47. Albert Jacquard

    Photo
    Albert Jacquard
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1925-2013 (aged 88)
    Occupations
    essayistgeneticistbiologistphilosopher
    Biography

    Albert Jacquard was a French far left geneticist, popularizer of science and essayist.

  48. Petrache Poenaru

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    Petrache Poenaru
    Born in
    Romania Flag Romania
    Years
    1799-1875 (aged 76)
    Occupations
    engineermathematicianphysicist
    Biography

    Petrache Poenaru was a Romanian inventor of the Enlightenment era.

  49. Salvador de Madariaga

    Photo
    Salvador de Madariaga
    Born in
    Spain Flag Spain
    Years
    1886-1978 (aged 92)
    Occupations
    diplomathistorianbiographeressayistnovelist
    Biography

    Salvador de Madariaga y Rojo was a Spanish diplomat, writer, historian, and pacifist. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature, and the Nobel Peace Prize. He was awarded the Charlemagne Prize in 1973.

  50. Charles Hermite

    Photo
    Charles Hermite
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1822-1901 (aged 79)
    Enrolled in Polytechnic School
    Studied in 1841-1842
    Occupations
    mathematicianuniversity teacherassociate professorprofesseur des universités
    Biography

    Charles Hermite FRS FRSE MIAS (24 December 1822 – 14 January 1901) was a French mathematician who did research concerning number theory, quadratic forms, invariant theory, orthogonal polynomials, elliptic functions, and algebra.

  51. Trần Đại Nghĩa

    Photo
    Trần Đại Nghĩa
    Born in
    Vietnam Flag Vietnam
    Years
    1913-1997 (aged 84)
    Occupations
    military engineerengineerpolitician
    Biography

    Trần Đại Nghĩa was a Vietnamese scientist, military engineer, and prominent figure in the defense industry of Vietnam. He was a major-general and an academician. He was awarded the Order of Ho Chi Minh and named a Hero of Labor. He was elected as an Academician to the former USSR Academy of Sciences.

  52. Henry Louis Le Châtelier

    Photo
    Henry Louis Le Châtelier
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1850-1936 (aged 86)
    Enrolled in Polytechnic School
    Studied in 1869-1870
    Occupations
    chemistengineerprofessor
    Biography

    Henry Louis Le Chatelier was a French chemist of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He devised Le Chatelier's principle, used by chemists and chemical engineers to predict the effect a changing condition has on a system in chemical equilibrium.

  53. Gaspard-Gustave de Coriolis

    Photo
    Gaspard-Gustave de Coriolis
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1792-1843 (aged 51)
    Occupations
    mathematicianphysicistcivil engineerengineer
    Biography

    Gaspard-Gustave de Coriolis was a French mathematician, mechanical engineer and scientist. He is best known for his work on the supplementary forces that are detected in a rotating frame of reference, leading to the Coriolis effect. He was the first to apply the term travail (translated as "work") for the transfer of energy by a force acting through a distance.

  54. Frederic Oudéa

    Photo
    Frederic Oudéa
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1963-.. (age 58)
    Enrolled in Polytechnic School
    Studied in 1981
    Occupations
    banker
    Biography

    Frédéric Oudéa is a French businessmann who currently serves as CEO of Société Générale and as president of the European Banking Federation.

  55. Michel Virlogeux

    Photo
    Michel Virlogeux
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1946-.. (age 75)
    Enrolled in Polytechnic School
    Studied in 1965-1967
    Occupations
    civil engineeruniversity teacherstructural engineer
    Biography

    Dr. Michel Virlogeux FREng CorrFRSE is a French structural engineer and bridge specialist.

  56. Ion I. C. Brătianu

    Photo
    Ion I. C. Brătianu
    Born in
    Romania Flag Romania
    Years
    1864-1927 (aged 63)
    Occupations
    diplomatengineerLOXrailway engineer
    Biography

    Ion Ionel Constantin Brătianu was a Romanian politician, leader of the National Liberal Party (PNL), Prime Minister of Romania for five terms, and Foreign Minister on several occasions; he was the eldest son of statesman and PNL leader Ion Brătianu, the brother of Vintilă and Dinu Brătianu, and the father of Gheorghe I. Brătianu. Ion I. C. Brătianu's political activities after World War I, including part of his third and fourth term, saw the unification of the Old Romanian Kingdom with Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia (see: Greater Romania). In 1923, he was elected an honorary member of the Romanian Academy.

  57. François Villeroy de Galhau

    Photo
    François Villeroy de Galhau
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1959-.. (age 62)
    Occupations
    officialeconomistbusinessperson
    Biography

    François Villeroy de Galhau is a French civil servant and banker serving as Governor of the Bank of France and ex officio President of the French Prudential Supervision and Resolution Authority since 2015.

  58. Claude-Louis Navier

    Photo
    Claude-Louis Navier
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1785-1836 (aged 51)
    Occupations
    physicisteconomistmathematicianengineer of the French Corps of Bridges and Roadsengineer
    Biography

    Claude-Louis Navier, was a French mechanical engineer, affiliated with the French government, and a physicist who specialized in continuum mechanics.

  59. Paul Bert

    Photo
    Paul Bert
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1833-1886 (aged 53)
    Occupations
    politicianentomologistuniversity teacherphysiciangovernor
    Biography

    Paul Bert was a French zoologist, physiologist and politician. He is sometimes given the sobriquet "Father of Aviation Medicine".

  60. Hervé Mariton

    Photo
    Hervé Mariton
    Born in
    Algeria Flag Algeria
    Years
    1958-.. (age 63)
    Occupations
    politicianGrands corps de l'Etatconspiracy theorist
    Biography

    Hervé Marie David Mariton is French politician serving as Mayor of Crest since 1995. A member of The Republicans, he was elected to the National Assembly for the third constituency of Drôme from 1993 to 1997 and again from 2002 until 2017, with a brief interruption in 2007, when he was appointed Minister of the Overseas by President Jacques Chirac in the last weeks of his second term, replacing François Baroin, who became Minister of the Interior.

  61. Benoît Paul Émile Clapeyron

    Photo
    Benoît Paul Émile Clapeyron
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1799-1864 (aged 65)
    Occupations
    physicistengineeruniversity teacher
    Biography

    Benoît Paul Émile Clapeyron was a French engineer and physicist, one of the founders of thermodynamics.

  62. Camille Jordan

    Photo
    Camille Jordan
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1838-1922 (aged 84)
    Occupations
    mathematicianengineerprofessor
    Biography

    Marie Ennemond Camille Jordan was a French mathematician, known both for his foundational work in group theory and for his influential Cours d'analyse.

  63. Jean-Bernard Lévy

    Photo
    Jean-Bernard Lévy
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1955-.. (age 66)
    Occupations
    businesspersonengineer
    Biography

    Jean-Bernard Lévy is a French businessman, and the CEO and chairman of EDF.

  64. Paul Andreu

    Photo
    Paul Andreu
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1938-2018 (aged 80)
    Enrolled in Polytechnic School
    Studied in 1958-1961
    Occupations
    architectcivil engineerengineerpainterwriter
    Biography

    Paul Andreu was a French architect, known for his designs of multiple airports such as Charles de Gaulle Airport in Paris, and multiple prestigious projects in China, including the National Centre for the Performing Arts in Beijing.

  65. Jean-Baptiste Biot

    Photo
    Jean-Baptiste Biot
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1774-1862 (aged 88)
    Occupations
    mathematicianphysicistastronomercivil engineerengineer
    Biography

    Jean-Baptiste Biot was a French physicist, astronomer, and mathematician who co-discovered the Biot–Savart law of magnetostatics with Félix Savart, established the reality of meteorites, made an early balloon flight, and studied the polarization of light.

  66. Eugène Freyssinet

    Photo
    Eugène Freyssinet
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    2020-1962 (aged -58)
    Enrolled in Polytechnic School
    Studied in 1899-1902
    Occupations
    engineercivil engineerstructural engineerengineer of the French Corps of Bridges and Roads
    Biography

    Eugène Freyssinet was a French structural and civil engineer. He was the major pioneer of prestressed concrete.

  67. Louis Faidherbe

    Photo
    Louis Faidherbe
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1818-1889 (aged 71)
    Enrolled in Polytechnic School
    Studied in 1838-1840
    Occupations
    politicianmilitary officercolonial administrator
    Biography

    Louis Léon César Faidherbe was a French general and colonial administrator. He created the Senegalese Tirailleurs when he was governor of Senegal.

  68. Gérard Araud

    Photo
    Gérard Araud
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1953-.. (age 68)
    Occupations
    diplomat
    Biography

    Gérard Araud is a French diplomat who served as Ambassador of France to the United States from 2014 to 2019. He has also served as France's Permanent Representative to the United Nations as well as Director General for Political and Security Affairs of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development.

  69. Alfred Sauvy

    Photo
    Alfred Sauvy
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1898-1990 (aged 92)
    Occupations
    economistdemographeranthropologisthistorianprofessor
    Biography

    Alfred Sauvy was a demographer, anthropologist and historian of the French economy. Sauvy coined the term Third World ("Tiers Monde") in reference to countries that were unaligned with either the Communist Soviet bloc or the Capitalist NATO bloc during the Cold War. In an article published in the French magazine, L'Observateur on August 14, 1952, Sauvy said:

  70. Guillaume Faury

    Photo
    Guillaume Faury
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1968-.. (age 53)
    Biography

    Guillaume Faury is a French engineer and executive currently working as président (chairman) for aircraft manufacturer Airbus SAS and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of its parent organization, Airbus SE.

  71. Charles Koechlin

    Photo
    Charles Koechlin
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1867-1950 (aged 83)
    Enrolled in Polytechnic School
    Studied in 1887
    Occupations
    composermusicologistmusic pedagoguewritermusician
    Biography

    Charles-Louis-Eugène Koechlin, commonly known as Charles Koechlin, was a French composer, teacher and writer on music. He was a political radical all his life and a passionate enthusiast for such diverse things as medieval music, The Jungle Book of Rudyard Kipling, Johann Sebastian Bach, film stars (especially Lilian Harvey and Ginger Rogers), traveling, stereoscopic photography and socialism. He once said: "The artist needs an ivory tower, not as an escape from the world, but as a place where he can view the world and be himself. This tower is for the artist like a lighthouse shining out across the world."

  72. Jean-Christophe Yoccoz

    Photo
    Jean-Christophe Yoccoz
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1957-2016 (aged 59)
    Occupations
    mathematicianprofessorchess player
    Biography

    Jean-Christophe Yoccoz was a French mathematician. He was awarded a Fields Medal in 1994, for his work on dynamical systems.

  73. Jacques De Peretti

    Photo
    Jacques De Peretti
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1935-.. (age 86)
    Occupations
    entrepreneurbusinessperson
    Biography

    Claude Bébéar is a French businessman. He is the former CEO of AXA.

  74. Bertrand Meyer

    Photo
    Bertrand Meyer
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1950-.. (age 71)
    Occupations
    computer scientistengineerfull professor
    Biography

    Bertrand Meyer is a French academic, author, and consultant in the field of computer languages. He created the Eiffel programming language and the idea of design by contract.

  75. Louis Pouzin

    Photo
    Louis Pouzin
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1931-.. (age 90)
    Occupations
    computer scientistengineer
    Biography

    Louis Pouzin is a French computer scientist. He designed an early packet communications network, CYCLADES.

  76. André Turcat

    Photo
    André Turcat
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1921-2016 (aged 95)
    Occupations
    politicianaircraft pilottest pilot
    Biography

    Major André Édouard Turcat was a French Air Force pilot and test pilot celebrated for flying the first prototype of Concorde for its maiden flight.

  77. Alexandre de Juniac

    Photo
    Alexandre de Juniac
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1962-.. (age 59)
    Occupations
    businessperson
    Biography

    Alexandre de Juniac is a French businessman.

  78. Michel Combes

    Photo
    Michel Combes
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1962-.. (age 59)
    Occupations
    entrepreneur
    Biography

    Michel Combes is a French businessman. He was Chief Executive Officer at Sprint, and has held CEO roles at Vodafone Europe, Alcatel-Lucent and Altice.

  79. Pierre Guillaume Frédéric le Play

    Photo
    Pierre Guillaume Frédéric le Play
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1806-1882 (aged 76)
    Occupations
    economistengineerpoliticiansociologist
    Biography

    Pierre Guillaume Frédéric le Play was a French engineer, sociologist and economist.

  80. Michel Chasles

    Photo
    Michel Chasles
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1793-1880 (aged 87)
    Enrolled in Polytechnic School
    Studied in 1812
    Occupations
    mathematicianhistorian of mathematicsphysicistuniversity teacher
    Biography

    Michel Floréal Chasles was a French mathematician.

  81. Fulgence Bienvenüe

    Photo
    Fulgence Bienvenüe
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1852-1936 (aged 84)
    Enrolled in Polytechnic School
    Studied in 1870-1872
    Occupations
    engineer of the French Corps of Bridges and Roadscivil engineerengineerarchitect
    Biography

    Fulgence Bienvenüe was a noted French civil engineer, best known for his role in the construction of the Paris Métro, and has been called "Le Père du Métro" (Father of the Metro).

  82. Louis Vicat

    Photo
    Louis Vicat
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1786-1861 (aged 75)
    Enrolled in Polytechnic School
    Studied in 1804-1806
    Occupations
    engineer of the French Corps of Bridges and Roadsengineer
    Biography

    Louis Vicat French engineer.

  83. Fabienne Keller

    Photo
    Fabienne Keller
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1959-.. (age 62)
    Occupations
    politicianbanker
    Biography

    Fabienne Keller is a French politician who has been serving as a Member of the European Parliament since 2019. She previously was the mayor (UDF) of Strasbourg, France, from March 2001 to March 2008.

  84. Xavier Huillard

    Photo
    Xavier Huillard
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1954-.. (age 67)
    Occupations
    engineerbusiness executive
    Biography

    Xavier Huillard is a French business executive, and the chairman and CEO of Vinci SA. He has been CEO since 2006, and chairman since 2010.

  85. Ernest Malinowski

    Photo
    Ernest Malinowski
    Born in
    Ukraine Flag Ukraine
    Years
    1818-1899 (aged 81)
    Occupations
    engineer
    Biography

    Ernest Adam Malinowski was a Polish civil engineer best known for constructing the world's highest railway at the time, the Ferrovias Central, in the Peruvian Andes between 1871–1876. He participated in the Battle of Callao in 1866 and was also a corresponding member of the Polish Museum in Rapperswil Society in Switzerland.

  86. Jean-Victor Poncelet

    Photo
    Jean-Victor Poncelet
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1788-1867 (aged 79)
    Occupations
    mathematicianpoliticianphysicistprofessorengineer
    Biography

    Jean-Victor Poncelet was a French engineer and mathematician who served most notably as the Commanding General of the École Polytechnique. He is considered a reviver of projective geometry, and his work Traité des propriétés projectives des figures is considered the first definitive text on the subject since Gérard Desargues' work on it in the 17th century. He later wrote an introduction to it: Applications d'analyse et de géométrie.

  87. Henry Darcy

    Photo
    Henry Darcy
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1803-1858 (aged 55)
    Occupations
    hydraulic engineercivil engineerphysicistspeleologistengineer
    Biography

    Henry Philibert Gaspard Darcy was a French engineer who made several important contributions to hydraulics, including Darcy’s law for flow in porous media.

  88. Patrick Kron

    Photo
    Patrick Kron
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1953-.. (age 68)
    Occupations
    engineerentrepreneurbusinessperson
    Biography

    Patrick Kron was the chairman and chief executive (Président-directeur général) of the French engineering conglomerate Alstom. Alstom is most well known for its Eurostar and TGV trains, and is headquartered at Levallois-Perret.

  89. Jean Léonard Marie Poiseuille

    Photo
    Jean Léonard Marie Poiseuille
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1797-1869 (aged 72)
    Occupations
    physicianphysicistmathematicianphysiologist
    Biography

    Jean Léonard Marie Poiseuille was a French physicist and physiologist.

  90. Mohamed Hassad

    Photo
    Mohamed Hassad
    Born in
    Morocco Flag Morocco
    Years
    1952-.. (age 69)
    Enrolled in Polytechnic School
    Studied in 1974
    Occupations
    engineerpolitician
    Biography

    Mohamed Hassad is a Moroccan engineer and politician, formerly serving as Minister of the Interior in the government of Abdelilah Benkirane. He later served as Minister of Education before being fired in 2017.

  91. Paul Pierre Lévy

    Photo
    Paul Pierre Lévy
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1886-1971 (aged 85)
    Enrolled in Polytechnic School
    Studied in 1904-1906
    Occupations
    mathematicianengineer
    Biography

    Paul Pierre Lévy was a French mathematician who was active especially in probability theory, introducing fundamental concepts such as local time, stable distributions and characteristic functions. Lévy processes, Lévy flights, Lévy measures, Lévy's constant, the Lévy distribution, the Lévy area, the Lévy arcsine law, and the fractal Lévy C curve are named after him.

  92. Guillaume Henri Dufour

    Photo
    Guillaume Henri Dufour
    Born in
    Germany Flag Germany
    Years
    1787-1875 (aged 88)
    Occupations
    cartographercivil engineerpoliticianmilitary personnelurban planner
    Biography

    Guillaume Henri Dufour was a Swiss army-officer, bridge-engineer and topographer. He served under Napoleon I and held the Swiss office of General four times in his career, firstly in 1847 when he led the Swiss Confederation forces to victory against the Sonderbund. In 1864 Dufour presided over the First Geneva Convention which established the International Red Cross. He was founder and president (1838 to 1865) of the Swiss Federal Office of Topography.

  93. Antoine Frérot

    Photo
    Antoine Frérot
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1958-.. (age 63)
    Occupations
    engineerdirector
    Biography

    Antoine Frérot is a French businessman. Since 2009, he is the chief executive officer of Veolia Environment.

  94. Antonin Baudry

    Photo
    Antonin Baudry
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1975-.. (age 46)
    Occupations
    diplomatscreenwritercomics artistfilm director
    Biography

    Antonin Baudry, born May 6, 1975, also known by the writing pseudonym Abel Lanzac, is a French diplomat specializing in cultural affairs, comic book author, screenwriter, and film director.

  95. Louis Jacques Thénard

    Photo
    Louis Jacques Thénard
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1777-1857 (aged 80)
    Occupations
    chemistpoliticianprofessor
    Biography

    Louis Jacques Thénard was a French chemist.

  96. Antoine Compagnon

    Photo
    Antoine Compagnon
    Born in
    Belgium Flag Belgium
    Years
    1950-.. (age 71)
    Occupations
    literary criticwriterteacher
    Biography

    Antoine Compagnon is a Professor of French Literature at Collège de France, Paris (2006–), and the Blanche W. Knopf Professor of French and Comparative Literature at Columbia University, New York (1985–).

  97. Jean-François Clervoy

    Photo
    Jean-François Clervoy
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1958-.. (age 63)
    Occupations
    astronautengineer
    Biography

    Jean-François André Clervoy is a French engineer and a CNES and ESA astronaut. He is a veteran of three NASA Space Shuttle missions.

  98. Gérard Mestrallet

    Photo
    Gérard Mestrallet
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1949-.. (age 72)
    Enrolled in Polytechnic School
    Studied in 1968-1971
    Occupations
    engineerbusinessperson
    Biography

    Gérard Mestrallet is a French manager who served as chairman of the board of directors of Engie and as CEO from 2008 to 2016. He is also the chairman of Suez.

  99. Charles de Freycinet

    Photo
    Charles de Freycinet
    Born in
    France Flag France
    Years
    1828-1923 (aged 95)
    Occupations
    politicianengineer
    Biography

    Charles Louis de Saulces de Freycinet was a French statesman and four times Prime Minister during the Third Republic. He also served an important term as Minister of War (1888–93). He belonged to the Opportunist Republicans faction.

  100. Michał Kurtyka

    Photo
    Michał Kurtyka
    Born in
    Poland Flag Poland
    Years
    1973-.. (age 48)
    Occupations
    economistphysicist
    Biography

    Michał Tadeusz Kurtyka is a Polish manager, economist, and civil servant who currently serves as the Minister of Climate and Environment. He is a technocrat and a non-partisan figure.